Presented in this paper will be a summary of the unique ethical and legal issues that nurses may face in his or her career. I will provide an overview of the laws that bind a nurse and discuss common ethical issues that nurses face. In this summary I chose nurse, the Merriam-Webster states that a nurse is “a person who care for the sick or infirm: a licensed health care professional who practices independently or is supervised by a physician, surgeon, or dentist and who is skilled in promoting and maintaining health” (Merriam-Webster, 2013).
For a long time physicians have relied on nurses to exert self-reliant judgment in many situations. Patients are more likely to be encountered with a nurse more than the physician, there are a few branches of nurses. You have registered nurses, nurse anesthetist, and nurse mid wife, nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, special duty nurse, float staff, agency personnel, nursing assistants, and student nurses. According to the text (Bazaar) “a registered nurse is one who has passed a state registration examination and has been licensed to practice nursing (Bazaar, 201 3 p. ). Registered nurses practices patient assessments, analyzing laboratory reports, patient teaching, health counseling, executing medical Siemens, and operating medical equipment as prescribed by the physician. In the world of health care profession the nursing profession is growing rapidly and responding to the advances in technology. A nurse anesthetist is “a person who after completing the basic education of a nurse, is further trained in the supervised administration of anesthetist’ (the free dictionary. Com).
A nurse anesthetist was the first protruding position for nurses that required certification. F-allure to recognize significant changes in a patients condition and improper use of anesthetics are major perils for nurse anesthetics. According to explore health careers. Org “certified nurse midwives (CANS) are advanced practice nurses who provide counseling and care during preconception, pregnancy, child birth, and the post-part period” (Explore health careers. Org, 2012). Nurse midwives spend 10% of their time birthing women and their newborns.
Midwives gives patients care before, during, and after childbirth and pregnancy. Nurse midwives play a major role in the health care setting which they collaborate closely and effectively with physicians. According to the text “a nurse practitioner is a registered nurse who has completed the necessary education to engage in primary health care session making (Bazaar, 2013 p. 327). Nurse Practitioner are trained in the delivery of health care and the evaluation of psychosocial and physical health problems. Nurse Practitioner provide health care in compliance with state nurse practice laws.
A clinical nurse specialist is a professional registered nurse with an advanced academic degree, experience, and expertise in a clinical specialty (Bazaar, 2013 p. 327). A clinical nurse specialist role is leadership as a clinical role model, assisting the nurse staff. They also act as a resource for management of patients who have intricate needs and conditions. They also partake in staff development activities that is related to their clinical specialty, make recommendations, introduce new approaches to nurse practice and communicate effectively with other members.
A special duty nurse is a nurse that is privately hired by the patient or family. Organizations are not liable for negligence of a special duty nurse unless they have a master-servant relationship between the organization and the special duty nurse. The organization has no authority to hire nor fire the nurse. However they do have the responsibility to protect the patient from useless and unqualified facial duty nurses (Bazaar, 2013). Float staffs are members who are rotated from unit to unit, based on staffing needs. Having a float staff can be liability to an organization if they are ordered to work in an area out of their expertise.
A nurse assistant is an aide who has been certified and trained to assist patients with daily living activities. Nurse aides provide basic care to non-acutely ill patients and assist in providing a safe and clean environment under the direction and supervision of a licensed practical nurse or registered nurse. The most common areas of negligence for nurse assistants are failing o follow and properly perform procedures. Failure to assist patients prevent falls, unsafe placement and take vitals. According to the text student nurses are entrusted with the responsibility of providing nursing care to patients (Bazaar, 2013).
Nursing ethics and legal issues deals with principle and moral judgment. According to education. Com “the major principle of health care ethics that must be upheld in all situations are beneficence, malefaction, autonomy, and justice” (education. Com, 2013). Beneficence means promoting or doing something good. Nurses must effectively promote their patients best interests and make every effort to accomplish ideal outcomes. Malefaction means to avoid harm, however nurses must retain a proficient practice level to elude injury or suffering to their patients.
Education. Com stated “the principle of malefaction covers reporting suspected abuse to prevent further factorization and protecting clients from chemically impaired nurses and other health care practitioners” (education. Com, 2013). Autonomy is the quality or state of being self- governing, every patient have the right to make their own decision as to what happens to them. A nurse must respect the wishes of their patient even if hey do not come to an agreement with them. Knowledgeable adults have the consent to refuse treatment.
Justice calls for that all patients be treated equally and fair on a day to day basis. Nurses faces issues of justice when organizing care for their clients. Nurses must didst anguish between their personal values and their professional ethics. Education. Com stated “professional ethics involve principles that have universal applications and standard of conduct that must be upheld in all situations” (education. Com, 2013). The American Nurses Association Board of Directors and the Congress n Nursing Practice first initiated the code of ethics for nurses in 1985.
Nurses are held responsible and is to comply with the standards of ethical practice. They are also held responsible for making sure that other nurses are complying as well. There Were nine provisions that addresses ethical practice issues; compassion and respect, patient advocacy, responsibility and accountability, duties, advancement of professions, collaboration, commitment to the patient and participation in the health care environment. Legal issues that are most of concern are negligence and malpractice. According to the text negligence is “either an act of omission or commission” (Bazaar, 2013).