In the concluding scene of the film Crimes and Misdemeanors. I believe the fictional philosopher Louse Levy’s message was really similar to philosophy Jean-Paul Sartre and his theory on existential philosophy. One of Sartre’s quotation marks. “Man is nil else but that which he makes of himself. ” Levy is seeking to convey that we are in control of our picks and we choose our ain felicity. In the concluding scene of the movie Levy provinces. “We’re all faced throughout our lives with doing conscience moral determinations. Some are on a grander graduated table than others. but we define ourselves by the picks we have made. We are. in fact. the sum sum of our picks. ” So when Levy’s character provinces. “most human existences seem to hold the ability to maintain seeking and happen joy from simple things” . this is based on our picks. We decide to be happy or sad. Because we as human existences have the ability to believe rationally or ill-rationally. our heads have the capacity to experience emotions. to woolgather up. or cognitively entertain. a mind-based world of felicity.
One of the survival tactics as human existences is our ability to endeavor for felicity ; and one time a degree of felicity is achieved there is ever a demand for more ; it is a ne’er stoping chase of felicity. Our felicity should besides be achieved without hurting. Ever though we strive for this felicity there is no methodical manner to obtain felicity or does the sense of felicity ever become achieved. I believe this point of view is to a great extent reflected throughout the film. Crimes and Misdemeanors. I think all the characters in the film are endeavoring and trusting for felicity but I think the lone character who truly achieves the ultimate felicity would be Rabbi Ben. The function of GOD in set uping ethical values and whether the universe would be valueless if GOD didn’t exist is displayed throughout this film. Rabbi Ben ( Sam Waterston ) leads a moral life throughout the movie and he ends up blind. but he can dance with his girl with a clear scruples.
The sarcasm about this character is he fails to see in the existent universe yet he has strong religious vision. His withdrawal from everyday concerns. and stress on what is existent and meaningful – a life devoted to GOD. The thoughts that merely by blinding oneself to reality can one populate a meaningful life devoted to GOD. The symbolism of sightlessness seems to hold a connexion to a unsighted universe indifferent to any sense of justness. In fact all of the spiritual characters in Crimes and Misdemeanors suffer from impaired vision and are portrayed have oning spectacless.
This may stand for their inability to see the true nature of world and the apprehension of true felicity. I feel all of the characters in this movie reflect the point of view of hope and the desire to accomplish felicity without hurting ; it is merely the picks. effects or motivation of their actions that is misguided. We make consequentialist determinations sing our actions to divide the morally right from incorrect which leads us to our ultimate end of felicity. But what determines if an action is moral right or incorrect? Stuart Mill’ theory on. “The Principle of Utility” . views the effects that arise from the action to find the moral worth of an action ; the best determinations consequence in good effects for the largest figure of people. He besides believes that felicity equal pleasance ; the actions are morally right to the extent that they produce tonss of pleasance. Other theoreticians like Immanuel Kant. who takes a deontology attack on the purpose or motivation of the action. He believes that our actions are morally right merely if we can use them universally.
I feel the character Lester ( Alan Alda ) . displays the theories of Jean Paul Sartre and Friedrich Nietzsche. He’s a successful telecasting manufacturer with a grandiloquent attitude. His character takes charge of his ain fate. He knows what he wants and goes after it. His Will to Power is great and sets no restrictions on what he can accomplish throughout this movie. There are a few characters in Crimes and Misdemeanor who strive for the hope of felicity but autumn abruptly. The chief character. Judah Rosenthal ( Martin Landau ) this character is a successful eye doctor who achieves short-run felicity in a two twelvemonth matter with a adult female named Dolores ( Anjelicia Huston ) . When Dolores threatens state his married woman of there affair his moral construction is threaten he feels as if his full universe becomes meaningless. But. by the terminal of the movie Judah do peace with himself and finds that he commits a offense and gets off with it. He is merely implicated to his ain moral consciousness. In world. hope is the worst of all immoralities. because it prolongs the tortures of adult male. FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE. Human. All-too-Human
The 2nd character that falls short of accomplishing felicity would be Clifford Stern ( Wood Allen ) ; this character is a nickel-and-dime movie shaper hired by his brother-in-law Lester to bring forth a docudrama about his life and work. Clifford dislikes Lester every bit good as his matrimony to Lester’s sister Wendy ( Joann Gleason ) . While shooting this documental Cliff falls in love with Lester’s associate manufacturer. Halley Reed ( Mia Farrow ) . However Cliff’s attempts to court Halley fail and in the terminal Wendy chooses to be with Lester. This gives cogent evidence that good doesn’t ever prosper over evil. The remark by Halley after larning about Levy’s decease she says. “No affair how lucubrate a philosophical system you work out. in the terminal it’s got to be uncomplete. ” I believe it is the selfish demands. changeless alteration. every bit good as the desires of human existences that allow people to take right from incorrect and good from bad.
It is all about wants over demands. I believe Halley didn’t ab initio want Lester it was his changeless entreaty to the things that she needed which gave her pleasance that won her over. Not the roses because she was allergic. but the caviar and his influence and power. I believe that the existence is in fact indifferent. However. if there is no GOD. there can be no nonsubjective criterions of right and incorrect. All we are confronted with is “the bare valueless fact of existence” ( Jean-Paul Sartre ) . This is likely what Rabbi Ben meant during the movie when he said. “Without the jurisprudence. it’s all darkness. and. “You Judah see the universe as harsh and empty of value and pitiless. ” Rabbi Ben provinces. how he couldn’t non be without moral structure-with existent meaning-with forgiveness and some sort of higher power. Besides during the flood tide of the movie Judah concludes that “GOD is a luxury that he can’t afford” and arranges for Dolores-mistress ( Angelica Houston ) to be murdered. Afterwards. in a province of desperation he visits his childhood place and recreates in his head a Passover Passover supper from his young person. Judah’s atheist Aunt May ( Anna Berger ) and spiritual male parent Sol. is an geographic expedition of the relationship between morality and GOD and the job of morality in a irreverent existence.
Aunt May takes the place of the atheist and moral relativist in the guaranting argument as she envisions a cruel and irreverent universe with no aims criterions of good and evil and no moral intents behind human world. Aunt May believes persons justify their actions as they wish: “For those who want morality there’s morality. Nothingss handed down in rock. ” Aunt May argues that in a universe where everything is allowable. there is nil to halt an person from perpetrating slaying other than their ain scruples. “And I say. if he can make it. and acquire off with it. and chooses non be bothered by the moralss. so he’s place free. ” We live in a existence where our moral moralss between right and incorrect are greatly imbalanced. A universe where the good suffer. the bad prosper and no greater power will of all time rectify this which is a sad effect. It is truly difficult to set up a basic lesson or ethical system for human existences because we are so apathetic of each other. We have for illustration the Bible or the Koran. but. like Aunt May province in the movie. “For those who want morality there’s morality. ”
[ Besides in the concluding scene of the movie Judah draws Cliff into a purportedly conjectural treatment that draws upon his ethical motives. Judah says that with clip. any crisis will go through ; but Cliff morosely claims alternatively that one is everlastingly fated to bear 1s loads for “crimes and misdemeanors” ] Wikipedia. We conflict daily for justness. All we can make as human existences is to trust for happiness attempt to use our ain moral thoughts and meaningful values to once more hopeful influence our lives and to reflect upon future coevalss.
“Crimes and Misdemeanors ( Philosophical Films ) . ” Crimes and Misdemeanors ( Philosophical Films ) . N. p. . n. d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. “Crimes and Misdemeanors: The Final Scene. ” YouTube. YouTube. 04 Feb. 2009. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. “Crimes and Misdemeanors. ” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. “Existentialism Is a Humanism Quotes. ” By Jean-Paul Sartre. N. p. . n. d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. IMDb. IMDb. com. n. d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013.
“The Journal of Religion and Popular Culture. ” The Journal of Religion and Popular Culture. N. p. . n. d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. hypertext transfer protocol: //phil. uregina. ca/vancha/Litch-chp6. pdf