According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Greece, in 2009, New York City architect Bernard Tschumi completed
The Acropolis Museum
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Greece, the wall construction called the Lion’s Gate at Mycenae is considered Cyclopean due to
the immense scale of the stone blocks
The exhibition “Architecture without Architects” organized by Bernard Rudofsky in 1964 was intended to illustrate that
the study of architecture should not cater exclusively to constructions of the wealthy by academically trained designers
The ____________shown above is an example of how New Kingdom pharaohs arranged for their bodies to be buried in concealed tombs in the Valley of the Kings (behind these cliffs) where priests guarded against robbers.
Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Ancient India and Asia, studies like the one at Angkor Wat have greatly expanded our understanding of these cities as more than an isolated collection of great monuments. They raise important issues about
all of the above
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Ancient India and Asia, Mohenjo-Daro or Mound of the Dead, was considered a
planned city
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Egypt, the Temple complex at Abu Simbel created by Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC was
all of the above
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Egypt, a BENBEN stone is named after the
a and c
Greek architecture reflected societal culture through the overarching concept of
proportional relationships
The overall layout of the Acropolis was designed to enhance the sense of
procession
The most distinctive architectural paradigm for the Hindu temple is
a square sanctuary housed underneath a curving roof
This diagram illustrates the ____________ where the traditional practice of placing stones and earth over the graves of distinguished people evolved into the construction of a hemispherical form that incorporated the cosmological associations of a circle (in plan), the world-mountain and dome of the heavens, and the vertical world axis.
origin of the stupa
One of the earliest Chinese treatises on city planning was composed in the fifth century and was based on
the teachings of Confucius
These elevations and plans illustrate the simple elegance of proportions and materials that have come to represent the quintessence of ____________.
Japanese architecture
While the original purpose of the Chinese pagoda was to house relics and sacred writings, this structure was also used as
a vertical marker in the landscape
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on China and Japan, the Katsura plan is organized around a grid pattern determined by the modular dimensions of the
tatami
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on China and Japan, the Forbidden City in Beijing is the clearest example of an application of a diagram which creates what some scholars call a __________, organizing material space with cosmic space.
“holy field”
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on China and Japan, a Tulou is
an earthen house built around a central courtyard for defense purposes
When Vitruvius wrote about the education of the architect, he described theory as
the ability to demonstrate and explain the principles of proportion as they relate to a designed object
One of the typical features of an ancient dwelling found in Pompeii is the
atrium
The Romans surpassed the scale limitations of post-and-lintel construction by harnessing the structural elements of
the arch, the vault and the dome
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Rome, the layered squares seen in Panini’s painting of the interior of the Pantheon are called ________ which, beyond creating depth and visual interest to the curvature of the dome, significantly reduce the overall weight of the building.
coffers
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Rome, roman builders used a volcanic ash know as ________ which proved to be far superior to that of lime mortar.
pozzolana
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Rome, the Ten Books on Architecture was written by
Vitruvious
According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Islamic architecture, while mosques were the center of religion, they also served other functions of society to include
all of the above
According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Islamic architecture, the Prophet Mohammed’s house with its large courtyard provided the first precedent for
expansive prayer halls in later mosques
Islamic religious structures are generally square or rectangular so that the worshipers can be as close as possible to
the prayer wall
The House of the Prophet in Medina became the prototype for the ____________.
mosque
The Abbey Gatehouse incorporates a steeply pitched roof that is meant to
shed rain and snow in a northern climate
The plan of St. James at Compostela shows aisles that link to an ambulatory which was important for
providing a continuous path for pilgrims to access relics in the chapels off the transepts and choir, without disturbing the services
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Medieval and Romanesque architecture, increasing numbers of religious pilgrims to sacred sites posed a dilemma for monasteries and church leaders. The huge influx of visitors jump started the economy but proved disruptive to the quiet contemplative life of the monastery. The architectural solution was
b and c
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Medieval and Romanesque architecture, after the great Sack of Rome in August of 410, migration from large urban centers into the country side began – creating a scattered collection of smaller, relatively self sufficient settlements often fortified and organized around a ________.
church
Until Emperor Constantine proclaimed toleration for all religions of the Roman Empire, services were held
In private homes
The term “Cathedral” designates a religious building that
contains the seat of the Bishop
According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Early Christian and Byzantine architecture, the interior and exterior of the early Roman basilica
were dramatically different in style with the inside elaborately adorned with decoration and the outside simple and austere
According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Early Christian and Byzantine architecture, the most significant example of Christian architecture that combined the domed roof with the basilica plan was
Hagia Sofia
The Maya were unique in the Americas because they developed a system of
irrigation that allowed the inhabitants to cultivate a variety of crops
The alcove dwellings at Mesa Verde were located beneath a great mesa for
protection from wind, weather and potential attackers
The organization of the urban Zulu village was influenced by
the need to accommodate cattle
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Americas, places where the surface limestone has collapsed, exposing the subterranean water table are called
cenotes
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Americas, the ________ is considered by most scholars to be an astronomical observatory aligned to key point in the Maya calendar.
Caracol
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Americas, this sculpture, called the Sun Stone depicts the
Aztec calendar
The structural system that helped to define Gothic architecture can be referred to as
skeletal
In medieval city planning, the church was typically located
away from the town square
This section illustrates how dead loads from the vaults are transferred to the columns of the arcade and, through the lower flyer, to the buttress piers outside the building in a typical ____________.
Gothic cathedral
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Gothic architecture, one of the greatest Gothic advances in the St. Denis Cathedral was the
amount of stained glass used in the walls
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Gothic architecture, building knowledge was passed along by master builders through
the apprentice system
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Gothic architecture, Villard de Honnecourt’s fame rests entirely on his
surviving portfolio of 33 sheets of parchment containing about 250 drawings
J. H. Mansart: Saint-Louis-des-Invalides is notable for its ____________.
triple-shell dome
This drawing shows the plan of ____________.
St. Peter’s in Rome
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Baroque architecture, in the French Baroque, the ________ became a work of art equal to and sometimes surpassing the architecture.
garden
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Baroque architecture, under the orders of Sixtus V
all of the above
This project is ____________.
an empty tomb for an English physicist and mathematician
The main idea behind Boullee’s Cenotaph for Newton was
to surround Newton with his own great discovery, and therefore himself
According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Eighteenth Century architecture, the eighteenth century marked an important shift in thinking – from thought based on religion to thought based on
reason or science
According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Eighteenth Century architecture, it was a time in Paris to come together and discuss new ideas in places called
salons
The rebuilding of St. Peter’s basilica in Rome
took over 150 years to complete and involved almost every major architect from the 16th and 17th centuries
The Sfroza Chapel in S. Maria Maggiore in Rome was a revolutionary Renaissance building because of the ____________.
spatial relationship between the columns and vaults
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Renaissance, ________ is regarded as the first British architect to bring Italianate Renaissance architecture to England.
Inigo Jones
According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Renaissance, Palladio’s contribution to the Basilica plan in Vicenza took into account the many irregularities of the existing medieval building core. His solution was
“wrapping” the medieval building with a Renaissance “screening” system
According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Modernity, Auguste Perret’s Notre Dame building in Le Raincy is an example of how the use of concrete
acted as a structural system that also allowed light to penetrate a large space
According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Modernity, the Barcelona Pavilion was designed by
Mies van der Rohe
Sant’Elia was considered a ____________.
Futurist
The Bauhaus was a school of design with a curriculum committed to
the mastery of craft as a means of making prototypes for industrial production
In opposition to Modernism, Robert Venturi published Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture where he called for
hybrids, distortion and ambiguity over the pure, clean and straightforward
Louis Kahn’s plan of the Richards Medical Building at the University of Pennsylvania illustrates Kahn’s concept of ____________.
servant and served spaces
According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Mid-Late Twentieth Century architecture, the Manhattan Transcripts by Bernard Tschumi
analyzes the inherent spatiality of human movement and actions
According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Mid-Late Twentieth Century architecture, the most recent successful public works are created by architects who are willing to experiment with
all of the above
Before MIT started an architecture program in 1868, American architects had to either work in an architectural office or _____________ to learn the profession.
travel abroad
McKim, Mean, and White’s plan of Pennsylvania Station in New York City took inspiration from
the Roman baths
According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Nineteenth Century architecture, this image is discussed with respect to the work of German architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and how his work defined the link between
historic architecture and new architecture
According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Nineteenth Century architecture, Georges-Eugene Haussmann was hired by Napoleon to
carve new avenues within the city of Paris
x

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