The Epic of Sundiata is meaningless without the constructs of destiny and fate. When the Mandinka male monarch receives the Godhead huntsman at the royal tribunal. and the huntsman predicts that the king’s matrimony to an ugly adult female would allow him a mighty male monarch for a boy ; the Mandinka male monarch must honour the prognostication. It is for this ground that the male monarch. before his decease. gives to Sundiata – his boy Born of an ugly adult female – a griot. When Sundiata is older. he excessively believes in the importance of tackling powers of a supernatural nature ( Niane ) .

Prophecies are. of class. made through supernatural powers. Sing that the male monarchs of the Mandinka people believe in supernatural powers. their topics must besides be trusters in the same. Furthermore. destiny and destiny appear existent to the Mandinka people. which is the ground why the prognostication is honored by the male monarch. But. even if most of the Mandinka people do non believe in supernatural powers. the belief system of the male monarch is expected to be superior to that of his people.

Belief in prognostication entails that one’s destiny is determined. and there is nil that one can make to alter his or her fate. Nebiims are believed because they know the destiny and fate of others. By informing people about their several destinies and fates. they save their people from being misled. At the same clip. nevertheless. the constructs of destiny and destiny entail that the Mandinka male monarch would hold married an ugly adult female. with or without the prognostication of the huntsman. The male monarch would hold had Sundiata. excessively. regardless of the prognostication.

The lone utile portion about the prognostication was that the male monarch gifted Sundiata with a griot because he knew that Sundiata would be a mighty male monarch in the hereafter. Merely as the Epic of Sundiata can non be understood without mention to destine or destiny. Things Fall Apart focuses on a hero and his community. unable to alter fortunes in the face of fate. Things Fall Apart makes repeated mentions to chi. a construct that refers to a personal divinity that is available to all people to steer them to carry through their single fates.

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It is impossible for a human being to fight against the qi. or his or her spirit force. This is the ground why Okonkwo. a brave and intelligent person. can non alter his fortunes or that of his community even as things fall apart for everybody except the colonialists ( Achebe ) . In other words. the human being is powerless against the determinations of the qi or his or her personal divinity who establishes the destiny and fate of every psyche. The personal divinity of all people has determined that Okonkwo and his people would endure. and there is nil they can make about it ( Achebe ) .

Okonkwo is a distinguished leader of a small town in Nigeria. He is rich. powerful. brave every bit good as wise. He has worked hard to accomplish his high position in his small town. Therefore. the small town seniors choose him to be the defender of a male child named Ikemefuna. who has been made captive by Achebe’s folk. Okonkwo must maintain the male child with him until the Oracle decides otherwise ( Achebe ) . This shows that adult male has no free will. and that. in fact. destiny and fate are determined by another. Human existences are non even allowed to do determinations by themselves.

If they attempt to do determinations by themselves. they must be badly punished. as Okonkwo was. When the small town seniors decided that Ikemefuna must be killed. Okonkwo went against the advice of the oldest adult male of the small town by killing the male child himself. Subsequently. things started to fall apart for Okonkwo. He by chance killed another person at a funeral ceremonial. For this act he had to be sent into expatriate with his household for a period of seven old ages. After all. he had offended the divinities by perpetrating the slaying ( Achebe ) .

When Okonkwo returned to his small town. he struggled for his people against the colonialists. In the terminal. nevertheless. he had to kill himself ( Achebe ) . The forces of alteration were excessively strong for him to defy. This reveals that man’s finding. intelligence. and bravery have no power over fate and destiny. Even though I believe in destiny and fate. I do non hold with this inexorable vision of the same. Neither do I swear the fact that adult male has been rendered powerless by destiny and fate. In my apprehension of these constructs. God. who is all-knowing. has written the destiny and fate of all people.

His cognition of all people’s yesteryear. nowadays and hereafter is their destiny and fate. in fact. At the same clip. He has given unto human beings the power to do determinations for themselves. The Bible confirms this position. Although there is nil that a human being can make to contend fate and destiny. persons are free to utilize their intelligence in the best possible ways. Our usage of intelligence – in my belief – is besides determined by God. He allows some people to thrive at the disbursal of others.

All the same. in the Biblical sense. such fortunes are a test from God. He can non be blamed for giving one adult male a life of wealths. felicity and peace while his brother is hapless and life in a violent vicinity. In the Biblical position. both work forces are loved by God. However. by badly proving the homeless adult male. He would wish the adult male to turn to Him in supplication. The rich adult male. on the other manus. is required to be of aid to the hapless adult male. If he does non assist his brother. nevertheless. God would go on giving him chances to make so in future.

In this position of destiny and fate. God besides knows the people who would travel to Heaven as opposed to those who would come in Hellfire for infinity. Even so. I know that people have free will to take what they would wish to make with themselves and where they would wish to travel. God does non halt us from utilizing our heads to make as we please. But. as I have already mentioned. it is He who finally decides what we would believe. So. while one adult male concentrates on spiritualty. another spends his full life-time believing about the theory of relativity.

It is our personal fate to believe. make. and wish as God pleases. Of class. my apprehension of destiny and fate is non the same as that of the Mandinka male monarch or the people of Okonkwo. I do non see forecasters. and neither would I believe in all of them. Furthermore. even if it is unstylish in our times to believe in God and supernatural powers. I continue to believe in destiny and fate. Works Cited Achebe. C. Things Fall Apart. New York: Doubleday & A ; Co. . Inc. . 1994. Niane. D. T. ( trans. ) . Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali. Harlow: Longman. 2006.


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