Modernity has surely evolved from the clip of the ancient Greece. However. the promotions in engineering have non needfully created a Utopian society. In “Icarus. ” a verse form by Edward Field. a fabulous character is placed in the bustling and oxymoronic world of the modern universe. Figurative linguistic communication. sarcasm. sentence structure. and positions are indispensable elements of Field’s resettlement of Icarus. whose resettlement exposes an alienating and unrelenting twentieth century scene. Irony and contrast are instantly apparent as Icarus’s narrative unfolds in the 2nd millenary of the common epoch.

Get downing be picturing the scene and its dwellers. the talker highlights some oxymorons in current behaviour. Witnesses to Icarus’s bad lucks run away to a “gang war. ” a barbarous sarcasm of urban life and ironical reversion of functions in merely one line. Furthermore. Icarus’s study at the constabulary station is “filed and forgotten. ” one component denying the intent of the other. In add-on to this. modern patterns appear to contrast those of Icarus’s original scene ; in ancient Greece. narratives were non written but sang. and they surely weren’t forgotten.

Therefore. though missing reference to the supporter. the first stanza subtly implies immediate differences between Icarus’s traditional place and his new one. The 2nd stanza begins with yet another apposition of the original and the modified ; while the foolish Icarus would hold been deemed “disobedient” in his times. he becomes “nice Mr. Hicks” in modernness. As the talker begins to depict Icarus straight. another allusion to modern dogmas is made ; Icarus’s suit “concealed weaponries. ” which we shortly find out though that they are non the “arms” used in pack wars but those with which he attempted flight.

Icarus’s neighbours can non comprehend his unhappiness at the failure of his title. though. and the soft clip ( and air ) traveller does non wish to upset them by uncovering the truths. In this instance. a metonymic “front yards” is used by the talker to typify the suburban life style and “moralistic” attitude of the people environing Icarus. In making the concluding analogies and contrasts between the past and present Icaruses. the talker draws into the tragic hero side of the supporter and uses it in a rhetorical inquiry at the terminal of the 2nd stanza.

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Unfortunately for Icarus. it seems. he did non fall to his decease but to the “middling stature of the simply talented” ; he can non happen repose in an environment where personal judgement ( Icarus’s neighbours ) can non accommodate with the group activities ( take parting in commissions and siting commuter trains ) . Using anaphora. the first two lines of the 3rd stanza convey Icarus’s yearning for tragic going. juxtaposing every night contemplation and day-to-day efforts at flight.

Missing the success he had in the yesteryear. even though it had cost him. Icarus comes to the decision that his function would hold been much more satisfactory had he drowned. Field employs techniques of content ( contrast and sarcasm ) and of how the content is shaped ( anaphora and nonliteral linguistic communication ) . In making so. he conveys both poetically personal contemplations and an effectual alteration of Icarus’s puting. determining this work as an even more tragic narrative for the supporter than his decease in had been.

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