Aim: Understanding the consequence of stock list rating premises on fiscal statements.

Assignment sum-up: You are taking the function of a security analyst who late started following the Oil and Gas industry. The analyst has a undertaking to pull a comparing of several fiscal indexs for two industry leaders: Exxon Mobil and Royal Dutch Shell. based on their income statements and balance sheets ( attached at the terminal of this papers ) every bit good as the information from the notes to the fiscal statements summarized below. The two companies appear to be rather similar and are similar in size based on entire assets. A private investor notes. nevertheless. that some fiscal ratios appear to be different. Your undertaking is to steer an investor through the basic stairss that will assist them understand the consequence of stock list rating premises on the fiscal ratios.

The undermentioned information is based on Exxon’s and Shell’s 2011 Annual Reports.

Exxon Mobil

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Background information. Exxon Mobil Corporation was incorporated in the State of New Jersey in 1882. Divisions and attached companies of ExxonMobil operate or market merchandises in the United States and most other states of the universe. Their chief concern is energy. affecting geographic expedition for. and production of. rough oil and natural gas. industry of crude oil merchandises and transit and sale of rough oil. natural gas. and crude oil merchandises.

Notes TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Inventories. Crude oil. merchandises. and ware stock lists are carried at the lower of current market value or cost ( by and large determined under the last-in. first-out method – LIFO ) . Inventory costs include outgos and other charges ( including depreciation ) straight and indirectly incurred in conveying the stock list to its bing status and location. Selling disbursals and general and administrative disbursals are reported as period costs and excluded from stock list cost. Inventories of stuffs and supplies are valued at cost or less ( i. e. . lower of cost or market ) .

The aggregative replacing cost of stock lists was estimated to transcend their LIFO transporting values by $ 25. 6 billion and $ 21. 3 billion at December 31. 2011. and 2010. severally ( Convert LIFO to FIFO ) .

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