For my undertaking, I add some characteristics that easy and simple for user to utilize the online communications systems that are friendly used. The characteristics are easy to understand and used by the user. Some of the characteristics is the interface are friendly user, chew the fating, directing files and online forums.

The friendly user interface will give an easy for the user to utilize the systems. Some of the others an online communications system is non easy to used and non friendly user. Their interface some kind will give the user difficult to understand and used it.

Users such as pupils and staff can pass on among them utilizing this system. Not merely merely chew the fating, they besides can discourse and portion about their assignment or undertaking that given by the lector. Not merely the pupils, lectors besides can discourse about their survey program and sharing their educational stuffs.

Students and lectors besides can portion and directing files among them through this systems. This is some characteristics that easy for users to directing files without utilizing electronic mails. They merely can direct the files while they were communicate to each other.

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Online forums is utilizing for update or inform some an information in the forums for the community to cognize. This is easy for the community to read, derive more information, knows the update from others and discoursing some information ‘s. Some of communications systems did n’t supply such as this characteristics.


Presents, communications become more of import to our life. As we know, today engineering have created the online communications system which is all people around the universe can entree any online communications system through free beginnings and besides from any devices such as I-Phone or PDA ‘s.

There are so many systems of on-line communications such as societal networking, Instant Messenger and others. But some of the systems are non freely used by user. There are so many comparison need to be done and need to implement a system that can demo all the information, their good, advantages and disadvantages of all on-line communications systems, how many systems being used and the system that I am traveling to construct is on-line communications systems for community of Multimedia University Melaka Campus.

Problem Statement

For my concluding twelvemonth undertaking, I have chosen this rubric which requires me to analyse all the bing online communications. After analyze the full online communications, I need to construct a system and develop it in Final Year Project Phase 2. When it comes to a system, people will demand for a good system. A good system is said to be a user-friendly interface and simple design of system.

As we know that, there excessively many on-line communications systems in the cyberspace. When the online communications systems are excessively many in the cyberspace, the user will make non cognize which are the best and suit for them.

Another job occurs in this affairs are non all being and popular online communications systems meet the demand of user demands. Sometimes on-line communications systems that there are utilizing are non suited.

Hence, I need to analyse all the on-line communications systems and happen what are the advantages and disadvantages of all the on-line communications systems. After completing the analysis for the on-line communications systems, I will make a system that compiles all the on-line communications systems that I have analyzed.


The aim of this analysis is truly of import. The aims have been identified. The aims of this undertaking are:

To plan an easy system for the user.

To make a system that compiles the full being online communications systems.

To ease the user to work out their jobs more rapidly and salvage their times like discoursing about their work, assignment or undertaking.

To work out user jobs those ever chooses others on-line communications systems and non run into their demand for their plants.

Project Scope

In this undertaking, I have seized the range of my proposed system to merely pupils and staff of Multimedia University Melaka Campus. They can pass on among them in Multimedia University Melaka Campus.

Background and Literature Search

From the old research that I have done, I found that on-line communications systems are widely used. Beside in free beginnings, on-line communications systems have besides being used and construct in any package. There are many other devices that provide on-line communications systems but different constellation and linguistic communications. Comparisons need to do between this application regard to their maps and characteristics. There are non many distinctions between free beginnings systems for on-line communications systems and their maps. Most of their ends are same and have similar maps.

With this, I will demo an illustration of online communications that have today and that I have studied. This is an illustration of Facebook, Yahoo Messenger and on-line forums ; Nexus.


Facebook is a societal networking web site launched in February 2004 that is operated and in private owned by Facebook, Inc. , with more than 500 million active users in July 2010. Users can add people as friends and direct them messages, and update their personal profiles to advise friends about themselves. Additionally, users can fall in webs organized by workplace, school, or college. The web site ‘s name stems from the conversational name of books given to pupils at the start of the academic twelvemonth by university disposals in the US with the purpose of assisting pupils to acquire to cognize each other better. Facebook allows anyone who declares them selves to be aged 13 or older to go a member of the web site.

Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roomies and fellow computing machine scientific discipline pupils Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. The web site ‘s rank was ab initio limited by the laminitiss to Harvard pupils, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston country, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It bit by bit added support for pupils at assorted other universities before opening to high school pupils, and, eventually, to anyone aged 13 and over. The original construct for Facebook was borrowed from a merchandise produced by Zuckerberg ‘s prep school Phillips Exeter Academy, which for decennaries published and distributed a printed manual of all pupils and module, on the side called the “ face book ” .

Facebook has met with some contention. It has been blocked intermittently in several states including Pakistan, Syria, China, Vietnam, and Iran. It has besides been banned at many topographic points of work to deter employees from blowing clip utilizing the service. Privacy has besides been an issue, and it has been compromised several times. Facebook settled a case sing claims over beginning codification and rational belongings. The site has besides been involved in contention over the sale of fans and friends.

Users can make profiles with exposures, lists of personal involvements, contact information and other personal information. Communicating with friends and other users can be done through private or public messages or a chat characteristic. Users can besides make and fall in involvement groups and “ like pages ” ( once called “ fan pages ” until April 19, 2010 ) , some of which are maintained by organisations as a agency of advertisement. To still concerns about privateness, Facebook enables users to take their ain privateness scenes and take who can see what parts of their profile.

The web site is free to users and generates gross from advertisement, such as streamer ads. By default, the screening of elaborate profile informations is restricted to users from the same web and “ sensible community restrictions ” .

The media frequently compares Facebook to MySpace, but one important difference between the two web sites is the degree of customization. MySpace allows users to adorn their profiles utilizing HTML and Cascading Style Sheets ( CSS ) , while Facebook merely allows field text.

Facebook has a figure of characteristics with which users may interact. They include the Wall, a infinite on every user ‘s profile page that allows friends to post messages for the user to see ; Pokes, which allows users to direct a practical “ pigeon berry ” to each other ( a presentment so tells a user that they have been poked ) ; Photos, where users can upload albums and exposures ; and Status, which allows users to inform their friends of their whereabouts and actions. Depending on privateness scenes, anyone who can see a user ‘s profile can besides see that user ‘s Wall. In July 2007, Facebook began leting users to post fond regards to the Wall, whereas the Wall was antecedently limited to textual content merely.

Over clip, Facebook has added characteristics to its web site. On September 6, 2006, a News Feed was announced, which appears on every user ‘s home page and high spots information including profile alterations, upcoming events, and birthdays of the user ‘s friends. This has enabled spammers and other users to pull strings these characteristics by making illicit events or posting bogus birthdays to pull attending to their profile or cause. Initially, the News Feed caused dissatisfaction among Facebook users ; some complained it was excessively littered and full of unsought information, while others were concerned it made it excessively easy for other people to track down single activities ( such as alterations in relationship position, events, and conversations with other users ) . In response to this dissatisfaction, Zuckerberg issued an apology for the site ‘s failure to include appropriate customizable privateness characteristics. Since so, users have been able to command what types of information are shared automatically with friends. Users are now able to forestall friends from seeing updates about certain types of activities, including profile alterations, Wall posts, and freshly added friends. On February 23, 2010, Facebook was granted US patent 7669123 on certain facets of their News Feed. The patent covers News Feeds where links are provided so that one user can take part in the same activity of another user. The patent may promote Facebook to prosecute action against web sites that violate the patent, which may potentially include web sites such as Twitter.

One of the most popular applications on Facebook is the Photos application, where users can upload albums and exposures. Facebook allows users to upload an limitless figure of exposures, compared with other image hosting services such as Photobucket and Flickr, which apply bounds to the figure of exposures that a user is allowed to upload. During the first old ages, Facebook users were limited to 60A exposures per album. As of May 2009, this bound has been increased to 200A exposures per album. Privacy scenes can be set for single albums, restricting the groups of users that can see an album. For illustration, the privateness of an album can be set so that merely the user ‘s friends can see the album, while the privateness of another album can be set so that all Facebook users can see it. Another characteristic of the Photos application is the ability to “ label ” , or label users in a exposure. For case, if a exposure contains a user ‘s friend, so the user can label the friend in the exposure. This sends a presentment to the friend that they have been tagged, and provides them a nexus to see the exposure.

Facebook Notes was introduced on August 22, 2006, a blogging characteristic that allowed tickets and embeddable images. Users were later able to import web logs from Xanga, Live Journal, Blogger, and other blogging services. During the hebdomad of April 7, 2008, Facebook released a Comet-based blink of an eye messaging application called “ Chat ” to several webs, which allows users to pass on with friends and is similar in functionality to desktop-based instant couriers ( Wikipedia 2010 ) .

Figure 2.0

Figure 2.1 ( hypertext transfer protocol: // )

Yokel! Messenger is an advertisement-supported blink of an eye messaging client and associated protocol provided by Yokel! . Yahoo! Messenger is provided free of charge and can be downloaded and used with a generic “ Yokel! ID ” which besides allows entree to other Yokel! services, such as Yokel! Mail, where users can be automatically notified when they receive new electronic mail. Yokel! besides offers PC-PC, PC-Phone and Phone-to-PC service, file transportations, webcam hosting, text messaging service, and chat suites in assorted classs.

Yokel! Messenger was originally launched under the name Yahoo! Beeper on March 9, 1998.

In add-on to instant messaging characteristics similar to those offered by ICQ, it besides offers ( on Microsoft Windows ) features such as: IMVironments ( custom-making the expression of Instant Message windows, some of which include authorized subjects of celebrated sketchs such as Garfield or Dilbert ) , address-book integrating and Custom Status Messages. It was besides the first major IM client to have BUZZing and music-status. Another late added characteristic is customized embodiments.

Yahoo Messenger besides allows users to entree Yahoo Chat Rooms. These chat suites force users to type in a confirmation nexus codification before being allowed to come in the confab suites. However, one time one is inside the confab room, porn bots, spam bots every bit good as those running malicious booting codifications and runing booting ‘bots ‘ are hassling confab users. Yahoo has a study maltreatment characteristic nevertheless there is no grounds this really works, as many booters are still in the confab suites twenty-four hours and dark, without reverberation ( Wikipedia 2010 ) .

Figure 2.3 ( hypertext transfer protocol: // )

Figure 2.4 ( hypertext transfer protocol: // )


As for the stage one of the concluding twelvemonth undertaking, I choose the Software Development Life Cycle ( SDLC ) for the package development, Microsoft Office, Dreamweaver and PHP. Those basicss of SDLC stages are be aftering, analysing, design and execution.

For the first phase which is be aftering, I need to place the waiter protocol that is suited to supply entree to multiple databases such as DICT Protocols. Then I have to make the feasibleness survey and analyse it. The 2nd stage is analysing. When it comes to analysing, I have to analyse all the stuffs that are related to online communications system. All those systems need to be compared their functionality and specifications.

The 3rd stage in SDLC is design. It describes how the system will work. The first measure to be done in this phase is to plan the physical system in order to acquire the design program. I have to plan the informations storage for all the databases. As for the concluding stage of SDLC, execution will take topographic point. This phase will bespeak the deliverables of the system. The activities are including trial program, plan and certification.

Proposed Solution and Implementation Plan / Design

4.1 Context Diagram






Register Register

Login Login

4.2 Entity Relationship Diagram ( ERD )






M 1





Registration day of the month

Registration num


Staff name

Staff ID

Staff division


Student name

Student ID

Student class

4.3 Data Flow Diagram ( DFD )




Received information of enrollment


Inventory file

Register Register

Inventory Datas


There are still many things need to be discovered as a readying to develop the system of digest all online communications system. However, as for now, this is the terminal of the first stage in concurrence to carry through the ends to analyse the on-line communications systems.

For the uninterrupted findings, I notice that, there are still deficiencies of functionality of the being online communications systems. Most of the on-line communications systems contain many complicated characteristics that differ from my ends as to bring forth a systems that compile all of on-line communications systems with simpleness and user-friendly.

Throughout this undertaking, I have gained many new lessons that I ‘ve ne’er learn before inside or outside the schoolroom. I besides have identified my lack-of cognition in runing systems nucleus environment and scheduling accomplishments. Time to clip, I will seek to better myself and get down to develop the system utilizing PHP.

Many things need to better in order to do this Concluding Year Project success. The journey for the whole undertaking is non end until here even though the first stage is done.

My hope is to accomplish this aim so I can supply easy-to-use systems for others to ease the user and diminish their clip to clip instead than pass many times to discoursing for their undertakings or assignments.


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