Gender Communication Essay, Research Paper
Gender Communication in the Workplace
Communication between males and females has ever been slightly complicated. Because we are reasoning that males and females have different civilizations we wanted to take a expression at what some of these differences might be. Harmonizing to our research the built-in differences between male and female civilization are the different functions that society holds for them and the ways these functions lead to different communicating manners. The stereotypes that work forces and adult females turn up with affect the types of ways in which they communicate. We foremost wanted to take a expression at how they specifically differ while work forces and adult females are reasoning or holding normal conversations. We besides looked at the different types of webs that work forces and adult females portion. These webs besides differ and every bit do the logical thinkings for their formation. Although we do non believe that work forces and adult females need to alter their civilizations to efficaciously pass on, we do believe that better communicating is possible. One of the research workers we took a expression at was Deborah Tannen. Harmonizing to Tannen the ground that work forces and adult females do non pass on good is that work forces and adult females use linguistic communication otherwise. Womans take the attitude that conversation is to research solutions to common jobs while work forces concern themselves more with acquiring information and difficult informations from conversation. Tannen states that what adult females look for in communicating is human connexion, while work forces consider position to be most of import. They are looking for independency and are invariably looking for higher achievements. Familiarity threatens this independency, so work forces have a inclination to avoid it. One of the old expressions about adult females is that they talk more than work forces. It turns out that it is non needfully true. Women seem to speak more in private conversations than do work forces. Womans do non by and large have a fright of familiarity and hence are much more unfastened with one another during private conversations. It is more hard for adult females to utilize this type of communicating manner in the public sphere. In that instance it is work forces that do most of the speaking. Tannen finally argues that work forces use communicating as a arm. They use long accounts to command attending from who it is they are talking to. They use it to convey information and to finally derive understanding. Tannen suggests that through even simple conversation work forces are continually protecting their position. She suggests the ground that adult females dominate private conversation is that one time work forces get place they do non experience the demand to go on to protect their position so they remain quiet. This causes adult females to go more vocal. Tannen suggests that position affects many different ways in which work forces communicate and raises several different illustrations. One country she found was that work forces tell more narratives and gags than adult females. She suggests that they are non making this to be amusing but alternatively do it to once more to negociate position. They frequently tell narratives in which they are the heroes and move entirely to get the better of obstructions. While adult females use storytelling to derive support from her personal webs. They use their narratives that, if they are the topic of, incorporate her making something foolish to set her at the same degree as the hearer. In this manner adult females are non concerned with position as with relating and deriving support. Work force and adult females besides differ when they are listening. While adult females tend to utilize oculus contact and caput nods to allow the talker know that she is listening. Men frequently do non utilize these techniques because they suggest understanding with the talker. Women besides a technique which Tannen calls concerted convergence. This happens sometimes when adult females start to talk before the other individual closers talking. They normally do this to hold and demo support for what the talker is stating. Women see concerted convergence as a manner to go on the conversation while work forces see it as a competitory gambit to derive control of that conversation. In this manner communicating once more is non made clear, work forces are annoyed because they believe that the adult females are seeking to rule the conversation while adult females are annoyed because work forces will often seek to alter the topic. One of the most common illustrations that most people use when speaking about the differences in which work forces and adult females inquire inquiries, is inquiring for waies. Since work forces are concerned with position and are willing to protect it work forces do non hold the inclination to halt and inquire for waies. Men see this type of action as about a signifier of familiarity because it implies that they need aid. Women on the other manus do non hold the same job. Women ask inquiries to set up connexions with others and halting and inquiring for waies helps them do that. An illustration that Tannen uses that seems to conflict more struggle is what is by and large referred to as & # 8220 ; nagging. & # 8221 ; Through her research she has shone work forces detest to be told to make anything. Womans are inclined to reiterate a petition that does non acquire a response because they are convinced that work forces will make the petition if they merely understand that they truly want it done. Work force on the other manus do non desire to make the petition because it seems that they are the 1s taking orders, so they put off carry throughing it so it seems that they are making it out of their ain free will. Tannen suggests that what work forces and adult females are making are directing meta-messages back and Forth. These meta-messages are the underlying significance in what work forces and adult females are stating. She suggests that one time people are able to decode some of these meta-messages more effectual communicating is possible. Another country that we RESs
earched were the differences in work forces and adult females s personal webs. We found that when compared to work forces, adult females have more household ties than non-family ties. Work force besides have household ties but are more likely to include colleagues in their webs. What this suggests is that adult females are less able to utilize webs as resources while work forces find their webs utile in happening occupations and progressing their callings. In this manner, work forces have more extended ties than adult females. The chief ground for these differences are that work forces and adult females have different chances to organize these webs. Work force and adult females interact in different ways socially. Because of differing places in the workplace, in matrimonial functions, and in parenting, societal chances are different. Work related factors such as paid employment, educational attainment and income addition the figure of ties outside the household. Although it has been found that most of these differences are erased if variables such as employment, household, and age are similar for work forces and adult females, it remains true that adult females have a larger more diversified web of household ties. In the concern universe, adult females must confront many obstructions to win. Womans have to accommodate to a male-dominated civilization to be promoted and rewarded. Research has shown that communicating manners between males and females can make struggle in the work environment. Typically, adult females are seen as emotional, flyaway, and gossipy. Men, on the other manus are seen as competitory, goal-oriented, and aggressive. When faced with seeking to accommodate to these male features, adult females encounter many different obstructions. One obstruction a success-oriented adult female faces is the stereotypes generated by society. Since adult females are typically non seen as concern oriented, any adult females who are really concern oriented are faced with favoritism. They are called pushy, angry, and accused of kiping their manner to the top. A adult female who has to confront these types of accusals and stereotypes can non efficaciously finish the undertakings assigned to her. Much of the struggle confronting adult females in the concern universe can be seen in Cheris Kramarae s Muted Group Theory. Because linguistic communication is a “Man-made building. The linguistic communication of a peculiar civilization does non function all its talkers every bit, for non all talkers contribute in an equal manner to its preparation. Women ( and members of other low-level groups ) are non as free or every bit able as work forces are to state what they wish, when and where they wish, because the words and the norms for their usage have been formulated by the dominant group, men.” ( Griffin, 459 ) . Kramarae believes that because linguistic communication is a semisynthetic building, adult females are unable to efficaciously pass on. Womans who try to pass on with work forces efficaciously are unable, because linguistic communication “aids in shaping, deprecating and excepting women” ( 459 ) . Kramarae believes that adult females are depicted by creative persons and authors as excessively emotional, and this contributes to the stereotypes formed in society. The hushed group thought was introduced originally by Edwin Ardener, a societal anthropologist. He believed that there could ne’er be a complete apprehension of a civilization without understanding the communicating manners of adult females and work forces. Until Ardener, sociologists had merely studied the linguistic communication forms and communicating manners of work forces. Ardener showed that the manners of communicating between work forces and adult females are so different, they must be studied in concurrence to organize a complete apprehension of a civilization. As portion of our research, we conducted an interview with Julie Sloan, Food Service Director of Marriott. She has worked for Marriott for 18 old ages, and advanced rapidly in this male-dominated company. When asked what she felt were the obstructions confronting adult females in the concern universe, Ms. Sloan stated” adult females are faced with stereotypes, alibis and discrimination” . She felt that the biggest obstructions confronting adult females was adult females themselves. She felt that adult females had created the thought of a “glass ceiling” to make an alibi for failure. The glass ceiling is the thought that adult females are prevented from wining in concern because of stereotypes and an unseeable barrier created by work forces. Ms. Sloan besides felt that accommodating to a male dominated civilization was non hard for her. She feels that she has ever been success-oriented, and does non happen this to be a typical male trait. Our studies and research found nevertheless, that these types of traits are usually associated with work forces within the concern universe. Through our research, we found that in a male dominated society, adapt to the male manners of communicating. As we have antecedently stated, the manners of communicating between genders differ greatly. Men tend to utilize conversation to obtain informations whereas adult females use conversation to make connexions. Through our research, we besides came up with some solutions for bridging the communicating spreads between males and females. To cut down miscommunication, males and females must larn to construe the messages being sent to them. They must larn to understand the speakers’ motivations and background. In effectual communicating, one must recognize the experiences of the talker and hearer, and work to make a common apprehension of the messages being created. Males should seek to understand the female demand for connexion whereas females need to understand the male demand for informations. If the two civilizations can larn to unite their manners by offering information while making a connexion, the male and female communicating spread will be bridged.
Annotated Bibliography Griffin, EM. A First Look at Communication Theory. New York, 1997.