Genevieve Taggard: Biographic Note Essay, Research Paper

Born in Waitsburg, Washington, Genevieve

Taggard grew up in Hawaii where her missional parents had built and ran a big

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“ multi-cultural ” school. A scholarship allowed her to inscribe at the University

of California at Berkeley, from which she graduated in 1919.

Taggard moved to New York City in 1920. She worked foremost for the of import modernist

publishing house B.W. Huebsch and so in 1921 started her ain diary, the Measure, with

a figure of other immature authors, including Maxwell Anderson. That same twelvemonth she married

novelist and poet Robert Wolf and gave birth to her lone kid, Marcia. In 1922, Harper

Brothers put out Taggard & # 8217 ; s first book of poetry, For Eager Lovers.

During the 1920s Taggard moved in Greenwich Village Bohemian circles. She edited a

poesy anthology May Days, which selected poetry published in the extremist diaries The

Multitudes ( 1911-1917 ) and The Liberator ( 1919-1924 ) . In the anthology she included

her ain verse form “ With Child, ” which foremost appeared in The Liberator in

December of 1921. While she considered herself a socialist of all time since her school yearss in

Berkeley, she characterized her verse form from this period as concerned with chiefly

domestic issues. In the late mid-twentiess Taggard taught at Mt. Holyoke, where she began a

life of Emily Dickinson. The Life and Mind of Emily Dickinson was

published in 1930 and reprinted in 1934. Taggard traveled to Majorca in 1931on a

Guggenheim Fellowship.

Taggard became a different poet in the 1930s. The Depression & # 8217 ; s tremendous

desolation was felt about everyplace. Peoples banded together, and a new societal

consciousness was forged among creative persons. Taggard had become a conducive editor of the

Marxist diary The New Masses, in which a figure of her verse forms appeared, and for

which she besides wrote articles and reappraisals. As proletarian literature became a distinctive

literary pattern during this clip, Taggard & # 8217 ; s poesy every bit good explored political

capable affair such as labour work stoppages, category and race bias, and poesy as an elitist

pattern ; she besides extended her geographic expedition of feminist issues to include the particular

jobs faced by propertyless adult females. She makes her grade most comprehensively as a societal

poet in her 1936 aggregation, Naming Western Union. This text includes such verse forms

as “ Everyday Alchemy ” ( originally published in For Eager Lovers ) ,

“ Mill Town, ” and “ Up State & # 8211 ; Depression Summer. ” Taggard frames the

aggregation with the memoir “ Hawaii, Washington, Vermont. ” She draws connexions

between the battles of her early old ages and the poorness and weakness she witnesses

daily in the landscape of the American Depression.

Divorced from Robert Wolf in 1934, Taggard married journalist Kenneth Durant in 1935.

Around the clip of her matrimony to Durant, she bought a farm in East Jamaica, Vermont.

The Vermont landscape wedded in both beauty and poorness became another beginning of

inspiration for her authorship. She besides taught for a clip at Bennington College, but became

a module member at Sarah Lawrence in 1934. She remained at that place until she was instead

suspiciously forced to retire in 1947.

Throughout her life Taggard was involved in a figure of causes and organisations

runing from the Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born, the United Committee to

Aid Vermont Marble Workers, and the North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy. She

was a member of the New York Teachers Union, the executive council of the League of

American Writers, and the U.S.-Soviet Friendship Committee. She besides served on the

editorial commission of Young People & # 8217 ; s Records, which was a topic of examination during

the McCarthy period.

Taggard was interested in wireless as a forum for poesy and read her verse forms over the

air. She was besides interested in composing for music, and her verse forms appeared in

composings by William Shuman, Aaron Copeland, Roy Harris, and Henry Leland Clarke. In Long

View ( 1942 ) , Taggard continued her preoccupation with societal subjects as found in such

verse forms as “ Ode in a Time of Crisis ” and “ To the Veterans of the Abraham

Lincoln Brigade. ” She farther explored her musical involvements as good by observing

autochthonal American music in her four-part poem rhythm “ To the Negro People. ”

Sing Taggard & # 8217 ; s instead short lived calling & # 8211 ; she died at age fifty-three of

complications from high blood force per unit area & # 8211 ; she was unusually fecund. She published

13 books of poetry, including a choice of her early work, Traveling Standing

Still ( 1928 ) and Collected Poems 1918-1938 ( 1938 ) . She edited four books,

including Circumference: Assortments of Metaphysical Verse, 1459-1928 ( 1929 ) and her

life of Emily Dickinson. None of her books are presently in print.

By Nancy Berke

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