George Washington 2 Essay, Research Paper
Washington was born in Westmore County, Virginia, on February 22, 1732. He is the boy of the late Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington. Augustine was a baccy husbandman and a stock raiser. Washington spent most of his early childhood on the Ferry Farm in Fredricksburg, Virginia. He attended school up until his 15th twelvemonth. Washington married Martha Dandridge on January 6,1759.
Washington spent his early grownup old ages as a husbandman and as a surveyor until he was appointed aide for the southern territory of Virginia by Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddle. The following twelvemonth he became the aide of the Northern Neck and Eastern Shore. In 1753, Dinwiddle warned the Gallic to halt their violations on the Ohio Valley land that was claimed by the male monarch. Dinwiddle sent one courier, but he failed. He gave Washington the order to warn the Gallic on October 31, 1753. His party consisted of an translator, a usher, two work forces that were experienced bargainers with the Native Americans, and two others.
Washington left in November from Cumberland, Maryland, and traveled to Fort-Le Boeuf. When he arrived, he discovered that the French would contend for their land. The party about escaped from the Gallic.
Washington was following appointed lieutenant colonel to an expedition to the Ohio Valley. In April, 1754, he set out from Alexandria with 160 work forces to reenforce a garrison in southwesterly Pennsylvania, merely to happen that the Gallic took control of the garrison and renamed it Fort-Duquesne. Washington so carefully set up his ain station within 40 stat mis of the Gallic place. He attacked the Gallic station on May 28,1754. He managed to kill the commanding officer and nine others. They so took the remainder captives.
Washington immediently received a publicity to a full colonelcy. On July 3, 1754, the Gallic drove him and 350 work forces into Fort Necessity. The Gallic so took controlled of it with 700, work forces and forced Washington to give up. They sent the unarmed colonials back t
Os Virginia with honours of war. He had to so subscribe paper stating that he would non construct a garrison on the Ohio Valley for one twelvemonth. In that same twelvemonth he resigned his committee.
Washington was elected to the House of Burgesses in 1758 and served for 17 old ages. He was elected to the First Continental Congress in 1774 and to the Second Continental Congress in 1775 because of his service in the House of Burgesses and his response to the British policies.
After contending between Massachusetts and the British broke out in 1775,
Congress named Washington of the new Continental Army. He was foremost in charge of a little force in Boston and so moved his ground forces to New York in March, 1776, when the British evacuated Boston. He was so defeated in New York by General William Howe and so left New York and retreated to northern New Jersey. Subsequently he left New Jersey and went to Pennsylvania for safety.
On the forenoon of December 26, 1776, Washington captured Trenton
with a surprise onslaught. Besides on January 3,1777, he defeated the British at Princeton. With these two triumphs Washington restored & # 8220 ; Patriot Espirit & # 8221 ; , and by that spring there were 8,000 new recruits.
Washington spent the undermentioned winter at Valley Forge. There his ground forces experienced some of the worst conditions such as deficiency of heat and disease. In 1780 Washington heard that the Gallic landed in Chesapeake Bay to hold a land and sea onslaught on the British in Virginia, so he marched south with approximately 1000 American and 6000 Gallic military personnels under the Comte De Rochambeau. Washington told Marquis De Lafayette to forestall Cornwallis from go forthing Yorktown. On October 19, 1781, Washington surrounded Cornwallis and forced him to give up.
In 1787, Washington was elected as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, but was chosen President. In 1788 and in 1782 Washington was elected the first President of the United States.
Washington died of pneumonia in 1799 on his plantation on Mount Vernon.