In the celebrated drama Hamlet by William Shakespeare. household takes an tremendous portion in the failure in the chief character. Hamlet. What is interesting about his household moral force and the manner his household affects Hamlet’s actions. is that it straight correlates to Emile Durkheim’s theory on structural functionalism. It is a theory that surveies our societal construction and civilization. and how they work together and impact us. Durkheim suggests that our societal system is made up of a clump of different parts and when one of these constituents gets taken off. we suffer and go into normlessness- which Durkheim refers to as anomy. Anomie is an indicant of a loss of our sense of values and regulations of behavior. making jobs. In relation to the drama Hamlet. we can set up a connexion between structural functionalism and Hamlet’s household through the losingss he encounters throughout the book. While covering with the decease and re-appearance of his male parent. his uncle’s fraudulence and his mother’s treachery. he finds himself falling into anomy while overthinking. and going mad in consequence of his solitariness.
In the beginning of the drama Hamlet. we are quickly made aware of Hamlet’s household state of affairs and what has late happened with his male parent. Old Hamlet. When a kid is born. the parent of the same sex as the kid will normally be the one they feel the biggest connexion with. There’s a feeling of common apprehension. and when one gets that single taken away it genuinely is lay waste toing. That is how it was for Hamlet. We get to see the gravitation of his father’s decease destructing his optimism. when he’s speaking to Claudius and tells him that people can move sad. but he has existent heartache beneath the apparels that he wears. “Together with all signifiers. tempers. forms of heartache. That can denote me genuinely. These so “seem. ” For they are actions that a adult male might play. But I have that within which passeth show. These but the furnishings and the suits of suffering. ” ( 1. 2. 83 ) .
Two scenes subsequently. we are showed how the decease of his male parent affects his mental province. When Horatio and Hamlet lay eyes on the shade in scene 4. Horatio begs Hamlet non to follow him. “What if it tempt you toward the inundation. my Godhead. Or to the awful acme of the drop That beetles o’er his base into the sea. …” ( 1. 4. 72 ) . Hamlet answers him with a flooring rejoinder and follows the cryptic figure into the mist. “Why. what should be the fright? I do non put my life in a pin’s fee. And for my soul—what can it make to that. Bing a thing immortal as itself? It waves me Forth once more. I’ll follow it. ” ( 1. 4. 67 ) This quotation mark reveals Hamlet’s sentiment on his dignity. He explains to Horatio that he does non value his life. If Hamlet’s male parent had non died. and he had non been so delicate and in such heartache. there would hold been a important difference in the manner that he handled the state of affairs. His father’s decease. right from the beginning of the drama. started impacting his sense of values and regulations of conduct- go forthing him in a province of normlessness. This is what spun the pandemonium of Hamlet into action. get downing Hamlet out on his way to suicide. finally to the point where his decease is the consequence of his ain medalling. In the words of a adult male who lived long ago. “what we fear. we create. ”
After the decease of his male parent Hamlet continues to mourn the loss. as one would normally make if their parent were to die. Curiously adequate. his ain female parent and lest we forget ; the recent married woman of his male parent. says to him: “Do non for of all time with thy vailed palpebras Seek for thy baronial male parent in the dust: Thou know’st ’tis common ; all that lives must decease. Passing through nature to infinity. ” ( 1. 2. 2 ) This is flooring because usually. if one’s partner has passed away they would see some kind of great heartache. nevertheless Gertrude takes small uncomfortableness in the affair and in the quotation mark above. Tells him non to fuss. for everybody must decease at some point.
To this. Hamlet says to himself. “O. God! a animal. that wants discourse of ground. Would hold mourn’d longer–married with my uncle. My father’s brother. but no more like my male parent Than I to Heracless: [ … ] ” ( 1. 2. 151 ) . Clearly her insensitivity and inducement to rapidly re-marry cholers Hamlet. How could she non mourn the decease of her ain hubby. and re-marry his brother about right after? Hamlet demonstrates great disgust for his female parent and accuses her of incest. “She [ Gertrude ] married. O. most wicked velocity. to post. With such sleight to incestuous sheets! It is non nor it can non come to good: But interruption. my bosom ; for I must keep my lingua. ” ( 1. 2. 158 ) .
With the loss of his ain female parent. Hamlet ( as would any kid ) starts to move out and experience a loss of control. We see this in his quotation mark in act 1 scene 2: “O. that this excessively excessively solid flesh would run Thaw and decide itself into a dew! Or that the Everlasting had non fix’d His canon ‘gainst self-slaughter! O God! God! How weary. stale. level and unprofitable. Seem to me all the utilizations of this universe! ( 128 ) Here. Hamlet negotiations about how he wishes God had non declared suicide a wickedness. and how unpointed life is to him now. This is immense because we get to see how the loss of his female parent is impacting his saneness. He needs his female parent to support and protect him. yet she is nowhere to be found. Rather. she is with the adult male that he needs to be protected from. This affects his sense of values and regulations of conduct- go forthing him in a province of normlessness. This is merely another push from Gertrude to Hamlet towards his decease ( failure ) in the terminal of the drama.
Meanwhile. Hamlet’s uncle and new measure father Claudius is being a “villain. scoundrel. smiling. damned scoundrel! ” ( 107 ) as Hamlet describes him in act 1 scene 5. because he feels that Claudius has been fallacious and betrayed his ain brother. Which he in fact has. In act 3 scene 3. Claudius says he feels guilty for slaying Old Hamlet. yet he states. “That can non be [ Claudius can non inquire God to accept his apology ) . since I am still possessed Of those effects for which I did the slaying: My Crown. mine ain aspiration. and my queen. ” ( 56 ) Uncovering that he knows that he can non as for forgiveness when he is still in ownership of his brother’s properties and is non ready to allow them travel.
This whole matter leaves Hamlet really clearly acrimonious and disquieted with him. In act 3 scene 4. Hamlet’s female parent says to him. “Hamlet. thou hast thy father much offended. ” ( 9 ) And he replies with a snarky comment claiming that Claudius is non his male parent at all. and that the one making the existent offending is her ( Gertrude ) to his male parent ( Old Hamlet ) . “Mother. you have my male parent much offended. ” ( 3. 4. 10 ) This quotation mark proves to us how betrayed he feels by his uncle. Three scenes before these quotation marks. Hamlet presents his “to be. or non to be” monologue about self-destruction.
“To be. or non to be: that is the inquiry: Whether ’tis nobler in the head to endure The slings and pointers of hideous luck. Or to take weaponries against a sea of problems. ” ( 3. 1. 57 ) He. once more. is debating whether or non he should kill himself. This validates the theory that he is losing his head due to his uncle’s actions. and basically the robbing of his uncle wholly as a individual that he one time put his trust into. It affects Hamlet’s sense of values and regulations of conduct- go forthing him in a province of normlessness. forcing him even more off of the border towards failure.
Hamlet’s inability to stay mentally stable throughout the drama is in the mistake of the unfortunate decease of one parental figure. the treachery of the other. and the people that he invested into emotionally whom finally took advantage of his trust. When a child is faced with such instability it becomes laughably hard for them to go on on as to the full working. emotionally stable human existences. When the most of import people in Hamlet’s life disappeared. he started to travel into normlessness. like we would if we were to lose a critical constituent in our society. such as the authorities. He fell into anomy. losing his sense of values and regulations of behavior. making multiple jobs within himself. We see this as he overthinks throughout the full drama. He can non do witting determinations. believe. or map decently. In decision. Emile Durkheim’s theory on structural functionalism does in fact straight correlate to Hamlet’s household and their portion in his failure.