Amongst the posterities of Hazrat Ibrahim A. S. . Hazrat Ali A. S. belonged to the line of Quraish. He was the boy of Abu Talib R. A. . boy of Abdul Muttalib of the distinguished folk of Bani Hashim. Merely one measure above his line of descent coincided with that of the Prophet S. A. of Islam. The latter being Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib and the former Ali bin Abi Talib bin Abdul Muttalib. It was his male parent Abu Talib who had nourished and brought up the Prophet ( PBUH ) His female parent Fatima bint-e Asad was besides a baronial lady belonging to the folk of Bani Hashim whom the Prophet ( PBUH ) regarded as his ain female parent.
Birth Date & A ; Topographic point
When the Prophet ( PBUH ) of God was 30 old ages old. Ali ( A. S ) was born on 13th of Rajab in the 30 twelvemonth of Aamul Feel inside the sacred Kaaba. Family Background Amongst the posterities of Hazrat Ibrahim A. S. . Hazrat Ali ( A. S ) belonged to the line of Quraish. He was the boy of Abu Talib. boy of Abdul Muttalib of the distinguished folk of Bani Hashim. His female parent Fatima bint-e Asad was besides a baronial lady belonging to the folk of Bani Hashim whom the Prophet ( SAW ) regarded as his ain female parent.
The duty for conveying him up devolved straight on Hazrat Muhammad ( PBUH ) who devoted all his clip and attending towards fostering. It was owing to his built-in virtue and capablenesss coupled with the privilege of being brought up by the elevated personality of a guardian like the Prophet ( SAW ) that when the Prophet ( PBUH ) announced his Prophet goon Hazrat Ali ( A. S ) . . though merely ten old ages old. became his foremost follower and deponent of his claim.
The first thing that the Prophet ( PBUH ) did on his reaching in Medina was to solemnise the matrimony of his lone girl. Fatima Zahra with Ali A. S. The Prophet ( PBUH ) profoundly loved his girl and had so much regard for her that whenever she came to him he used to stand up in fear. It was in the first twelvemonth of Hijrah when the Prophet ( PBUH ) chose Ali A. S. for this award. The nuptials rites were performed with extreme simpleness. ( a ) He got three boies ( Hasan. Husain and Muhsin ) . and two girls ( Zainab & A ; Umm-i-Kulthum ) from her. The youngest boy. Muhsin died in childhood. After the decease of Hazrat Fatimah he married a figure of married womans from clip to clip: ( B ) Umm al-Banin bin Hizam from whom he got ‘Abbas. Ja’far. ‘Abdullah and Uthman. All of these except Abbas were martyred at Karbala. ( degree Celsius ) Saila bint Mas’ud who gave birth to ‘Ubaidullah and Abu Bakr. They were martyred at Karbala. ( vitamin D ) Asma bint Umais who gave birth to Yahya and Muhammad Asghar. ( vitamin E ) Sahba bint Rabi’a who gave birth to Umar and Ruqayyah.
( degree Fahrenheit ) Amamah bint Abil ‘As: She was girl of Zainab ( R. A. ) . girl of the Holy Prophet ( Sallallahu ‘alaihi we Salaam ) . Hadrat Ali got Muhammad Aswat from her. ( g ) Khaulah bint Jalfar who gave birth to Muhammad ibn
( H ) Umm-i-Sa’id who gave birth to Ummul Hasan and Ramlah Kubra. ( I ) Mahyah bint Ummul Qais. she gave birth to a girl who died in childhood. Jihad In first conflict of Islam. which is known as the conflict of Badar Hazrat Ali had his first experience of contending a conflict? At that clip he was He was merely 25 old ages old. There were of import conflicts of Uhud. Khandaq. Khaibar and in conclusion Hunain in which Ali A. S. accompanied the Prophet ( SAW ) and exhibited his uncomparable heroism as a warrior. Almost in all these conflicts Ali ( A. S ) held the office of standard-bearer besides. In all these conflicts he exhibited never-say-die heroism and staunchness. In these battles. as in others. he showed extreme soundness. tolerance and aristocracy of character.
Because of his bravely Hazrat Ali was popularly called “Asadullah” ( The Lion of Allah ) . He was besides known as Al-Murtaza. Al-Amir-ul-Mo’mineen. As Caliph Hazrat Ali ( RA ) was elected as Fourth Caliph after. the martyrdom of Hazrat Usman ( RA ) . at a clip when the universe of Islam was in great convulsion In 35 A. H. the Muslims offered the office of Islamic Caliph to Ali ( A. S ) . At first he refused. but when the insisting on portion of the Muslims increased. he accepted it on the status that he would govern purely in conformity with the principles laid down in the Quran and the Sunnah ( pattern ) of the Prophet ( SAW ) without favour and fondness towards anybody.
He was the greatest Mujtahid and legal expert of his clip and one of the greatest of all times. Justice was portion of his psyche and spirit and was attached to his bosom. His disposal steered clear of partiality. favouritism or nepotism. * He was peculiarly terrible on his Governors and kept a regular ticker on their actions. * He reprimanded his ain friends. governors and employees even if they accepted staff of life as payoff. * To him wealth was for the usage of other destitute individuals and non for himself and his household. * He ne’er hid his net incomes because the intent of his earning was to assist the needy and the laden and to salvage them from the development of the autocrats and to do their lives happier.
Besides take parting in Jihad he was ne’er averse to make anything for the interest of the Prophet S. A. and Islam. The undertakings that he had to execute were of diverse nature. He was responsible for composing down pacts and letters. He was besides the keeper of the recorded parts of the Quran. Besides. he was deputed to Yemen by the Prophet ( SAW ) for the extension of Islam. As a consequence of his successful sermon. the full Yemen embraced Islam.
Alas. this supporter of peace. equality and Islamic values could non get away the malicious designs of the secular people. In the forenoon of 19 of the month of Ramadan 40 A. H. while offering supplications in the mosque he was fatally wounded by a blade dipped in toxicant. Ali A. S. spent two ungratified yearss on his ill bed in utmost hurting and hurt. Finally the toxicant spread all over the organic structure and he breathed his last on 21 of Ramadan at the clip of forenoon Prayer. Hasan A. S. and Husain A. S. performed the funeral rites and that prince of humanity was buried at Najaf at the dorsum of the metropolis of Kufa.
Distinguishing Publications NAHJAL BLAGHA AL- SAHIFAYE ALAVIYA The two mentioned books consist of discourses. letters. and expressions of Hazrat Ali ( A. S ) . Nahj al-balaghah comprises assorted issues that cover major jobs of metaphysics. divinity. tafsir. Hadith. prophetology. imamate. moralss. societal doctrine. political relations. disposal. civics. scientific discipline. literature. etc. Most of the treatments about assorted theological issues and philosophical impressions in Islam have their beginning in really book. The book non merely reflects the spirit of early Islam and the instructions of the Quran and the Prophet ( proverb ) in the proper position. but besides serves as a usher to track the hereafter in the visible radiation of these instructions.
The importance of the Nahj-ul-Balagha prevarications in two dimensions. First. it speaks about the fundamental of Islam such as the affairs refering God. the human being. Islamic positions of humanity. prophet goon and its place in human history a agency of understanding Islam and therefore necessary for us to analyze. Second. the Nahj-ul-Balagha refers to the societal jobs of a hypocritical society with which we deal today. Consequently. this book can be a beginning of Inspiration for us as respects to the societal and political jobs of life and the possible solutions to them. It is a affair of sorrow that Nahj al-balaghah was non decently utilized by the Muslims as a beginning book of Islamic doctrine. kalam. fiqh. and moralss due to misconceptions about its ascription to Hazrat ‘Ali ( A. S ) In the presence of strong and sufficient grounds in support of the contents of the book being reliable. it was absolute bias and deficiency of the spirit of enquiry that was responsible for pretermiting such a dependable beginning of Islamic thoughts.
Ideas on Principal Subject Hazrat Ali’s missive to Malik-e-Ashter throws visible radiation on the importance of the rules of disposal and justness as dictated by Islam. The undermentioned instructions in the signifier of a missive were written to him by Hazrat Ali. when he appointed him as Governor of Egypt.
It ( the missive ) deals with the responsibilities and duties of swayers. their main duties. the inquiry of rights and duties. dispensation of justness. control over secretaries and low-level staff. In it Hazrat Ali advises Malik:
* To contend corruptness and subjugation amongst the officers ; to command markets. imports and exports ; to control immoralities of profiteering and billboard and of cornering and black selling. In it he has besides explained phases of assorted categories of society. the responsibilities of authorities towards the lowest category. how are they to be looked after and how are their conditions to be improved. * He has besides commented upon the rights of swayers over the ruled and of the ruled over the swayers. * There is a chief cardinal thought running all through these instructions. it is that of the Creator. The authorities is of God. the governors and the governed are both the animals of God. their several responsibilities are laid down by God. * In short this missive is on the one manus the Gospel of the rules of disposal as taught by Holy Quran ; a codification to set up a sort and benevolent regulation throwing visible radiation on assorted facets of justness and clemency. On the other manus it is a thesis on the higher values of morality.