The Beatles were formed in which city?
Liverpool
What was the original name for the Beatles?
the Quarrymen
The Beatles were regular performers at which Liverpool venue?
the Cavern Club
Name 3 members of the Beatles:
John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr
The Beatles’ first song released by Parlophone:
“Love Me Do”
Which other Beatles-type Liverpool band was managed by Brian Epstein?
Gerry and the Pacemakers
“Beatlemania” refers to the:
frenzy created by fans at the Beatles’ live performances
The Beatles arrived in the United States in which year?
1964
Describe “Tomorrow Never Knows”
incorporation of drone-like sounds and limited harmonies, lyrics based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead, experimental tape-loop collages
Who led the Rolling Stones in the early years?
Brian Jones
The Animals’ break in the music industry came after a UK tour with which musical act?
Chuck Berry
Which American folk-blues song became significant as the closing number by the Animals?
“House of the Rising Sun”
The early songs in the Rolling Stones’ career were primarily:
blues-inspired cover songs
The individual responsible for changing the image of the Rolling Stones was:
Andrew Loog Oldham
Which song solidified the Rolling Stones’ image as rock music’s bad boys?
“(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction”
“Rave-ups” were:
improvisatory passages performed by the Yardbirds
Name the guitarists for the Yardbirds:
Jimmy Page, Jeff Beck, Eric Clapton
George Fame and the Blue Flames featured which future Jimi Hendrix drummer?
Mitch Mitchell
The Kinks featured the songwriting of:
Ray Davies
The Detours was the original name of which band?
the Who
Mod culture:
attended select clubs in London, were known for driving Vespa motor scooters, listened primarily to American rhythm and blues
From the perspective of American youth, the British invasion was centered on:
nonmusical issues such as a band’s image and its members’ accents
Early songs by Bob Dylan focused on:
social injustices
On which Bob Dylan album did half of the songs use electric instruments?
Bringin’ It All Back Home
The Bob Dylan song “Positively 4th Street” focused on:
his anger over criticism from the folk community
The first international number one folk-rock single was:
“Mr. Tambourine Man”
The “jingle-jangle” guitar sound heard in the music of the Byrds came from:
the twelve-string guitar played by George Harrison in A Hard Day’s Night
Elements of the Byrds’ version of “Mr. Tambourine Man”:
the folk revival, girl groups, the British invasion
Which song helped Simon and Garfunkel reemerge as successful folk-rock musicians?
“The Sounds of Silence”
“Eve of Destruction” was recorded by:
Barry McGuire
Musically, the group the Mamas and the Papas is known for:
sophisticated four-part vocal harmony arrangements
Which song did Phil Spector consider a failure, leading him to turn away from the music business?
“River Deep, Mountain High”
Musical characteristics of the song “California Girls”:
an introduction built on a two-measure figure, a contrasting verse-chorus similar to “Be My Baby,” blending surf music with symphonic backgrounds
The Beach Boy’s song “God Only Knows” was once called the “perfect rock song by which individual?
Paul McCartney
Sonny Bono worked under which influential member of the music industry?
Phil Spector
Despite being considered family entertainment, Sonny and Cher were also noted for:
being subversive to the establishment due to their hippie image
Which music venue was significant in establishing Johnny Rivers as a live act?
the Whisky a Go Go
John Sebastian was a member of which New York based band?
the Lovin’ Spoonful
Which type of music influenced the New York-based band the Rascals?
rhythm and blues
Motown Records was located in which city?
Detroit
The period 1964-1967 at Motown was dominated by which writing and production team?
Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier, and Eddie Holland
What was the purpose of the “quality control” meetings at Motown?
to hold a final test for each song, including its arrangement and recorded sound
Who was Cholly Atkins?
He was a choreographer who taught artists onstage movements and dance steps.
Which member of the Supremes left the group in 1969 to focus on a solo career?
Diana Ross
On the song “Baby Love,” what was used to create the hand claplike sounds in the introduction?
slapping together two-by-fours
Which Motown group showcased the high tenor voice of Eddie Kendricks?
the Temptations
Originally, Martha Reeves was hired by Motown as a:
secretary
Which singer performed lead vocals in the Four Tops?
Levi Stubbs
Stevie Wonder’s first number-one hit on the pop and rhythm and blues chart was:
“Fingertips, Pt. 2”
Characteristics of Motown’s assimilation into which culture:
pop-oriented musical styles, meticulously choreographed movements, charm-school training
One of the cofounders of Atlantic Records was:
Ahmet Ertegun
Who were the founders of Stax Records?
Jim Stewart and Estelle Axton
Many Stax recordings depended on their studio band called:
Booker T. & the MG’s
Which Stax artist died in a plane crash in 1967?
Otis Redding
Which Stax song first used the rhythmic concept of the “delayed backbeat”?
“In the Midnight Hour”
Where was Fame Studios located?
Muscle Shoals, Alabama
Which artists were provided “on loan” to Stax studio by Jerry Wexler?
Sam and Dave
Characteristics of “the Stax sound”:
the delayed backbeat, instrumental introductions featuring horns, loose and almost spontaneous vocalizing
Aretha Franklin’s first record contract was with which label?
Columbia
In comparison to Atlantic/Stax, the musical style of Motown is often viewed as:
more pop-oriented
The business partnership between Atlantic and Stax dissolved in part due to:
Atlantic actually owning the master tapes for Stax recordings under contract
James Brown’s career began when he stood in for which musician?
Little Richard
Musical features of James Brown’s “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag, Pt. 1”:
a mix of versus with a bridge, a rhythmic groove played by the band, stops at the end of verses
James Brown’s musical style turned toward:
funk
“Turn on, tune in, and drop out” was the slogan of which proponent of LSD?
Timothy Leary
Which book by Timothy Leary served as a guide to the experimental use of acid?
The Psychedelic Experience
What was an important feature of music in its role as a drug trip and in achieving a higher state of consciousness?
Songs became longer and musical sounds more ambitious.
Both the Beach Boys and the Beatles were on which U.S. record label?
Capitol
Musical features found in “Good Vibrations”:
a splicing together of different musical sections, the use of tack piano and a Jew’s harp, a harmonized chorus for a fade-out at the end
Which two Beatles songs were released as a double A-sided single prior to Sgt. Pepper?
“Penny Lane” and “Strawberry Field Forever”
Which Beach Boys album was released in place of SMiLE?
Smiley Smile
Which Beatles album was the last studio album the band completed?
Abbey Road
Which group of friends organized psychedelic dances at ballrooms in San Fransisco?
the Family Dog
Signs of the underground psychedelic movement in San Fransisco:
a free-form FM radio show aired on KMPX, the San Francisco Oracle newspaper was established, the opening of the Psychedelic Shop in Haight-Ashbury
Members of the Grateful Dead:
Phil Lesh, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir
Musically, “White Rabbit” by Jefferson Airplane is based on”
a Spanish bolero
The musicians in Big Brother and the Holding Company referred to their music as:
“blues in Technicolor”
Country Joe and the Fish served as a bridge for which two communities?
the Berkeley radicals and Haight-Ashbury hippies
Elements in the burgeoning London psychedelic movement:
poetry reading by Allen Ginsberg, the opening of the bookstore and gallery Indica, weekly events called the Spontaneous Underground
What was the UFO?
an organization in London that held psychedelic events
Which member of Pink Floyd was replaced by Dave Gilmour?
Syd Barrett
Which Rolling Stones album featured the band members dressed in wizard outfits in a holographic image?
Their Satanic Majesties Request
Members of the group Cream:
Jack Bruce, Ginger Baker, Eric Clapton
How does Cream adapt the blues form in “Sunshine of Your Love”?
It doubles the 12-bar blues pattern to twenty-four measures.
Which musician was responsible for bringing Jimi Hendrix to London?
Chas Chandler
Which album by Van Morrison combined elements of folk music, jazz, classical, and improvisational experimental aspects?
Astral Weeks
The lead singer of the Doors was:
Jim Morrison
Bob Dylan worked with which group in Woodstock, New York?
the Band
Who didn’t perform at the Monterey International Pop Festival?
the Beach Boys
The Woodstock Music and Art Festival was held during which year?
1969
The primary target audience for psychedelic music was intended to be:
college-age listeners
Musical elements found in Led Zeppelin songs:
acoustic folk, electric blues, instrumental experimentation
Which elements of “Whole Lotta Love” demonstrate psychedelic characteristics?
the breakdown, spacey section with stereo effects
“Highway Star” is a blues-rock song by:
Deep Purple
Ozzy Osbourne sang lead vocals for which British band?
Black Sabbath
Which of the following best describes the opening of the first track on Black Sabbath’s first album?
the tolling of distant church bells
Where did Duane Allman begin his musical career?
working as a studio musician at Fame Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama
Lynyrd Skynyrd signed with which record label?
Sounds of the South
“The Devil Went Down to Georgia” was a trademark song for which southern rock band?
the Charlie Daniels Band
Santana’s music is often referred to as:
Latin rock
Which Los Angeles-based blues-rock band was produced by Brian Wilson early in its career?
Three Dog Night
Aerosmith was often compared to which British band?
the Rolling Stones
How did the Moody Blues incorporate classical music into Days of Future Past?
It composed a song suite and incorporated orchestral interludes between songs.
Concept albums by the Who:
Tommy, Quadrophenia, Who’s Next
The concept album Aqualung centers on:
the partial condemnation of society’s treatment of the poor
The original lead singer of Genesis was:
Peter Gabriel
Albums by Pink Floyd:
Atom Heart Mother, The Dark Side of the Moon, The Wall
Which musicians worked on Miles Davis’s Bitches Brew?
John McLaughlin, Chick Corea, Wayne Shorter
Both Blood, Sweat, ; Tears and Chicago were musically known for:
incorporating jazz-rock horn sections
Alice Cooper was known for:
live shows that drew on gruesome and ghoulish topics
Characteristics of the singer-songwriter movement:
revealing one’s true self through song and performance, drawing on musical elements from 1950s folksingers, being accompanied by acoustic instruments
How did Elton John change the model of the singer-songwriter by the latter half of the 1970s?
He employed a rock band to accompany him.
“The Night They Drove Dixie Down” was a country rock song by:
the Band
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