Binge drinking is defined for the typical adult as
4 or more drinks for females or 5 or more drinks for males in about two hours.
The main site of alcohol metabolism is the
liver.
Which of the following is NOT true about a hangover?
It usually takes 1—2 hours to recover from a hangover.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of alcohol poisoning?
Yellowish tint to the skin
The water that is pulled out of the body due to alcohol’s diuretic effect is from
cerebrospinal fluid
Which statement best summarizes what happens when particulate matter condenses in the lungs?
It forms tar, a thick, brownish sludge.
Bidis are becoming increasingly popular because they are viewed as safer than regular cigarettes. Research shows that bidis actually
Bidis are becoming increasingly popular because they are viewed as safer than regular cigarettes. Research shows that bidis actually
produce three times more carbon monoxide and nicotine than cigarettes.
A disease associated with smoking in which alveoli are destroyed is known as
emphysema.
College administrators often deny that alcohol problems exist on their campuses.
True
Advertising for cigarettes targets specific subpopulations in society.
True
What percentage of Americans abstain from drinking alcohol?
25%
Which of the following statements about college drinking is true?
Female college students’ alcohol consumption is now close to that of male college students.
Approximately what percentage of Americans consume alcoholic beverages regularly?
50%
What is the percentage of alcohol in 100 proof whiskey?
50 percent
Which of the following is NOT true about alcohol absorption?
Alcohol can be diffused from the stomach lining into the bloodstream.
One standard drink equals
12 ounces of beer or 1.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor.
The depressant effects of alcohol become apparent at a blood alcohol concentration of
0.10%
After a night of heavy drinking, John still appears sober while his friends are obviously intoxicated. It is likely that John has developed
learned behavioral tolerance.
The toxic chemical by-product of alcohol metabolism that causes nausea and vomiting is called
acetaldehyde.
When women drink alcohol during pregnancy, they can cause significant brain damage and other impairments in the fetus; this condition is known as
fetal alcohol syndrome
The reduction in alcohol-related driving fatalities since the 1980s is due to
zero tolerance laws and increased drinking age.
Which is true about women and alcoholism?
Women get addicted faster with less alcohol use than men.
Jeff has been drinking a lot over the past few months, including frequent binges. His friends are concerned that this behavior puts him at risk for a condition that involves a potentially lethal blood alcohol concentration. Which condition is this?
Alcohol poisoning
Most new smokers in the United States are
children and teenagers.
Marketing of tobacco products currently targets all of the following EXCEPT
children through ads on television.
Which of the following statements about nicotine is true?
It is a powerful central nervous system stimulant.
Which effect does carbon monoxide have on the body?
It diminishes the oxygen-carrying capacity of the red blood cells.
Risk for developing lung cancer varies among smokers due to all of the following EXCEPT
Tolerance to nicotine.
The following is NOT true about smokeless tobacco:
It does not contain cancer-causing substances.
Which of the following is true about environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)?
ETS accelerates the buildup of plaque in the heart and blood vessels.
All of the following are smoking cessation medications EXCEPT
Xenadrine
Which of the following occurs within 24 hours of quitting smoking?
Chance of heart attack decreases.
Which of the following is true with respect to women and smoking?
Women who smoke are more likely to have fertility problems than women who do not smoke.
Smoking contributes to heart disease by doing all of the following EXCEPT
thinning the plaque in the major blood vessels.
The effects of alcohol are different for women and men because
women have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenase than men.
College students think other students drink more than they actually do.
True
Alcohol and tobacco result in more deaths each year than all illicit drugs combined.
True
Smoking is second only to mold as the primary cause of indoor air pollution.
False
Smokers have a 70% higher death rate from heart disease than nonsmokers.
True
Worrying about an upcoming test would increase the alcohol absorption rate in the body.
True
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