How to Kill a Mocking Bird BY updating Analysis of “To Kill a Mocking Bird” The ignominies racial discrimination and appropriate artistic expression The movie “To kill a mocking bird”, directed by Robert Mulligan, (short to mocking bird in the following) had won numerous Oscar and Golden Globe awards in 1963. By analyzing the purpose of political and cultural purposes, forms of artistic expression and the audiences’ reflection uncover patterns in which race awareness and social attitudes.
It’s obvious to conclude that the film expression is clear, white racial unconsciousness, it is the defense of the United States southern whites’ care speech, and this aims to play down in the early sass. Mocking bird was issued in such a historical background of 1963 according to Discrimination Events in History; Brain History, Birmingham campaign, 16th street Baptist church bombing, and assassination of John F. Kennedy, shocked all Americans and everyone around the world which all happened in the southern America.
However, the southern did not gain their bad reputation Just from one day, back to early ass to early ass, their reputation had already disillusioned. In 1955, ethnic extremists in Mississippi killed Emmet Till with lynching, a black boy who is only 14 years old. Same year, on a bus at Montgomery Alabama, a black Seamstress Rosa Parks refused to follow the policy of apartheid for a white man and was arrested. More historical evidence supporting that in a nutshell, the South had already became a synonym of extreme racism and apartheid, what people think of backwardness and violence, reflecting American’s darkest side.
The mockingbird tells the story of southern villagers around a rape trial commenced the subject matter of Southern society because of racial prejudice and injustice caused. The reason why the film had a big success, not because it had the background of the south, nor because it touched on racial issues, nor adapted from a Southern writer wining Pulitzer Prize, but because the story was told through the observation of an innocent child’s narrative. Indeed, should an outrageous, despicable, ugly behavior packed into a pleasant noble story does certainly require a superb artistic skills.
Conceivable to do it and doing quite a success, the film won three Academy Awards, five Academy Award nominations, two Golden Globe Awards. The reason of success lies in three reasons: First, the superb performances of actors which in order to expand moderately and coordination movie skills; secondly due to the fact that the film was adapted from a well-known Pulitzer Prize-winning novel naturally won many viewers of all ages; third, the film decently demonstrated the Southern racial discrimination caused by injustice.
In year 1963 people generally fail to realize above points. Mentioned by John E. O’ in his book History In Image/almagest in History, The reason why this movie is enduring because all of its director, screenplay, photography, performances allowing the audience to pay little attention o the injustice, and let them to recognize the injustice is the objective reality of life. More viewed the more dignity, sensitive and moral courage in the face of human absurdity of conduct how and unwavering commitment.
We can see that why this sharp injustice racial film released in an era abound of race and ethnic conflict could simmer sun a Log success, out also allows us to unreason winy ten Tall advent critics as a children’s film rather than a reflection of the race movie. In fact, the secret of success of the film lies in its use of complex and delicate art meaner perfect a handful, beautiful, the unusual packaging has become a decent, beautiful, unusual thing. But what is the meaning of this packaging?
The answer to this question lies in Nick Ford’s book, Battle of the Books. The motive of movie-directing relate closely to Harper Lee’s for writing the novels, since the movie is based on this novel. At a Chicago conference to publicize the movie, according to Eric J. Conduits in her book Blues for Attic’s Finch, Lee outspoken its creation purposes, she said: My strong effort in the book to aptly reflect Southern life, because not every day before breakfast there would be mob killings.
I think that, like people in other parts, southerners are also shocked by the injustice on their land. She frankly admitted that she expressed outrage for outside to implicate wrong impression on the Southerner’ and she is to offer the southerners the fairness of the purpose of writing the novel. Obviously, when the South becomes less and less to the United States in the eyes of the public, and when the South is increasingly becoming a public condemnation of the object, as a Southerner, Harper Lee could no longer aloof in silent.
She felt an obligation to stand up and give the world a description of the front of the south, she anted to show the world through her description that the South, like other places in the United States, not a shred of not. Indeed, there have occurred some unjust events, but after all, Justice triumphed over injustice. In her view, attention should be more on the southerner’s Justice rather than their injustice. In the novel, Lee did not shy away from the ugly side of the South, which cannot be avoided.
So we see a white attempted lynching of the black youth; we see the profound racial prejudice in the court prosecutor and all white Jury consisting of total disregard for the facts, bent intended innocent black youth guilty; we see the white lawyer for the defense of black defendants Attic’s Finch and his family was intimidated by holding a bunch a group of white racial prejudice; we have also seen a black man who was framed to death, Tom Robinson.
However, Lee skillfully desalinated these evils, the careful removing reader’s attention from the particularity of racial injustice transferred to the general social injustice, from the despicable ugly white manifested in the trial transferred to the white elite in the face of injustice with integrity noble. In order to avert attention, Lee deposited the story line of Boo in the main story line (Tom Robinsons trial). Boo is a white guy, but drifted away from the small town community living in his isolated house, Frankincense that no one sees.
Rumors of Boo being a dangerous man, who is chained during the day and released when dark. Thus, although Boo and his family like other residents of the town Macomb lived there for a long time, they had always been a member of social normalization. The story began when rumors about family in the eyes of the children became the incarnation of the devil or witches. But later it was discovered that the family of Boo (and especially Boo) been Just a bit odd, they too have flesh and blood, like everyone else in the town and they know how to love, Just as sympathetic.
Through the story of Boo, Lee cleverly separated from the mainstream society of the South Caucasian mentioned in the same breath from the eccentric Boo referred as the blacks whom suffered criticism with Tom’s persecution of racial discrimination, and the town residents towards unconscious unilateralism Walt ten court Jury deliberately false Tom’s positives par. As a result, she linked the particularity of a reticular social group injustice equivalent to the general injustice against individuals.
In addition, although Tom’s trial is the key to the plot of the novel, but the novel begins with curious children towards Boo. This arrangement naturally dispersed reader’s trial. The novel is the most exquisite in its narrative. To Lee, things are ugly or beauty depends primarily on the angle from which you look at it, especially who is standing to see it. As previously stated, Lee’s are the position with the Southern whites.
From this position, she saw that the most is not racial prejudice f the cause of injustice, but the efforts made by the Southern white’s elites to maintain Justice, because of her clever narrative style in the novel, there is almost without a trace. The novel used first-person narrative by adult Scout (Finch’s daughter) to tell her childhood memory with her brother. This narrative style on one hand force the reader’s interest points on the children, and on the other hand limited the reader to understand what really happened only through a few white kids.
Not only that, this narrative also relocated reader’s attention from social and racial issues to the education of children. By this way, it suddenly took an ugly thing due to racial prejudice into a moving history of children’s growth. In this way, the two negative side of the story: personal misunderstandings and prejudices (Boo) of specific social groups, discrimination and injustice (Tom’s story), became the children’s need to learn to correctly deal with the reality and moral lesson. To enhance the effectiveness, the novel portrayed Mr.. Finch as a hero.
Finch is both a compassionate, principled white lawyer, and a kind but not doting father. Commissioned by the court, he had to defend Tom whom was charged with raping a white woman. Although defending a black man will make him and his family in a small town very unpopular, even though he suffered intimidation and threats from white racist, and moreover, from the beginning he knew that this case will lose, and also because an all white Jury will never declared innocent to a black man whom accused of raping a white woman, but he did not hesitate to accept the delegate.
Not only that, he also withstand the pressures from white society, to make every effort to strive for a fair trial for Tom. In short, Finch is the embodiment of Justice and noble, is manifestation of courage and dignity, the best example of what Lee mentioned earlier, a person same elsewhere felt shocked by what the southerners had done. Finch explains why he had to accept the court entrusted to his daughter. If he rejected the task, it is impossible to strut as man in this small town, not even could tell Scott or Gem not to do something.
In other words, the reason why Finch accepts the commission was that he wanted to set an example to educate and guide his children. Thus, the center of the novel falls on the issue of children’s education. In he novel, Finch’s children were all proud of their father’s noble behavior, also absorbed a lot of moral influence from his father’s words and deeds. Yet residents in the town not everyone is as noble as Mr.. Finch, otherwise there will not appear bias toward Boo, no one would want to lynching Tom, unfair trials and Tom’s aggrieved would not occur.
In fact, in the trial of Tom, the residents of Macomb displayed their ugliest side ever than before. However, Lee in the book also provides many cases enough to offset the negative impacts, in addition to Pincher’s heroic act, she also rote auto a seriously Ill went lady manliest In a Talent Witt near dependence on morphine with courage. Scout’s gain the knowledge in the end that, “when you really understand them, only to find that most people are inherently very kind. Thus even the ugliest face of the white community to be depicted neither more often than not in order to expose their ugly nor to record straight for the racial discrimination suffered by southern blacks, but to set off Mr.. Finch’s Southern whites noble quality. The novel touched some most sensitive nerve, the conflict between blacks and whites, when it as first sent to the Universal Studios, almost all film companies are not willing to adapted the movies, because they do not want to lose their Southern audience by a racial piece of film, that is, they do not intend to make a movie involving Southern racialism.
Their concerns is likely to come from the novel’s depicts of the attempted of lynching, unfair trials, and other meaner that incidents of racial discrimination. Under such a highly sensitive atmosphere, a lightest mistake in handling in artistic expression will ruin their value of the film at the box office. However, Alan Backup and Robert Mulligan discerning bought the right of adaptation of the novel, Horton Foote wrote the screenplay, Backup made into a movie. What happened is totally unexpected.
Foote’s screenplay made his name spread over night. Lee said that the movie is a masterpiece of art. This remark described the movie appropriately. Such as the deletion, the film narrative, camera angles, the actor’s performance, content, changes and other aspects of the plot are conducive to whitewash the Soother’s, eulogies white elite. On the other hand, due to the “too cleverly hidden” and intricately packaging of artistic techniques, audiences from different times or view mints, will grasp a different theme of the movie.
Or see it as a delightful children’s film telling the story of the growth of children, education story; or as a court-chip, create a maintenance of law to defend Justice, as the patron saint of lawyers image; or treat it as a protest against racial discrimination in the South; or grasp that not just a single theme was throughout the whole film, both educational and courage, and also biased alarmed, not Just racial prejudice.
But no matter what kind of understanding of the audience, without exception, to be touched by the movie, preached of the noble spirit. However, history had proven that despite the film’s popularity from the South in 1963, the South Caucasian audience wasn’t enlighten by the lofty spirit of the movie. After the release of the film, racial prejudice and racial prejudice caused by injustice has become even more severe, violent clashes between ethnic happened one after another.