Part of reading is: o Knowing conventions o Recognizing conventions o Anticipating results When a person introduces a topic, then digresses onto other topics it doesn’t matter what examples, as soon as you see a couple of them you recognize a pattern. O You know the author is coming back with an application of those examples to the main topic. Conventions in stories/novels: o Types of characters Plot rhythms chapter structures Point-of-view limitations

Separation of professional reader from a crowd: Memory Symbol Pattern “Professors read and think symbolically. ” Everything is a symbol of something until proven otherwise. C] Literature Is full of patterns. O Life and books fall into similar patterns. Foster’s Chapter: “Every Trip Is a Quest (Except When It’s Not)” (Chi. 1; pig. L) What does a quest include? O A Knight o A dangerous road o A Holy Grail At the least: One dragon One evil night One princess A quest consists of five things: A sequester A place to go A stated reason to go there Challenges and trials en route

A real reason to go there “The real reason for a quest never involves the stated reason ” . O More often than ‘OFF stated task, mistakenly thinking that it is their actual mission. A quest is educational. “The real reason for a quest is always self-knowledge. ” o That is why a sequester is generally is always young, inexperienced, immature, and sheltered. Foster’s Chapter: “Nice to Eat with You: Acts of Communion” (Chi. 2; pig. 7) 0 What is communion? O Whenever people eat or drink together. Most readers relate communion to Christianity but nearly every religion has ritual involving the coming together of people to share a meal. 0 Not all communions are holy or have religious meanings. O Literary versions of communion can be interpreted in various ways. 0 Real World o Breaking bread with others is an act of sharing and peace, because you’re breaking bread instead of heads. O Communion is normally taken with those who close are to you. Why? O “The act of taking food into our bodies is so personal that we really only want to do it with people we’re very comfortable with. Foster’s Chapter: “Now, Where Have I Seen This Before? ” (Chi. 5; pig. 28) There’s only one story. Stories grow out of other stories. Poems grow out of other poems. Influences from other literary works. Direct and obvious Indirect and subtle 0 Intellectuality The ongoing interaction between poems and stories Deepens and enriches reading experience Brings multiple layers of meaning to text Picking up on elements in a literary work such as parallels and analogies will cause your understanding of the novel to deepen, become more complex and meaningful.

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Foster’s Chapter: “It’s Greek to Me” (Chi. 9; pig. 64) Kinds of myth? Shakespearean Biblical Folk/ Fairly tale These three kinds of myths work as: Sources of material o Sources of depth for the modern writer o Enhancers and enriches to the reading experience 0 Biblical myth covers the largest range of human situations o ages of life o All relationships o All phases of the individual’s experience Myth is a body of story that matters.

Encompasses all 0 “Greek and Roman myth is so much a part of the fabric of our consciousness, of our unconscious really, that we scarcely notice. ” 0 Example: Homer used primal patterns known to humans. 0 Four great struggles of the human being: o With nature With the divine o With other humans o With ourselves Foster’s Chapter: “Is That a Symbol? ” (Chi. 12; pig. 97) 0 Symbols o People expect symbols to mean one something in particular. Some have a relatively limited range in meaning. O Many readers expect them to be objects and images rather than events or actions. Generally a symbol cannot be reduced too single meaning o If they can it’s considered allegory Allegory: Things stand for other thing on a one-for-one basis 0 If symbolism was easy and manageable: o “It would result in net loss: the novel would cease to be what it is, a network of meanings and significations that permits a nearly limitless range of possible interpretations. ” 0 Finding symbol meanings: o Use tools such as: 0 Questions 0 Experience 0 Preexisting knowledge 0 Reading is an event of imagination: o Creativity o Inventiveness 0 Imagination helps puzzle out what the reader is trying to convey. 0 Imagination isn’t fantasy.


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