Lowell, Ralph, Jack Murdered and Simon deal with their moral dilemmas. The moral philosophical thought process will be used as well as certain terminologies such as Utilitarianism, a moral theory based on the principle Of actions to promote happiness, and Kantian, a theory stipulating that the act is more important than the consequential outcome. Firstly, the characters of Tactics Finch and Ralph are similar in many ways as they both portray Kantian. Tactics is usually morally correct in his assessments of situations. In many instances, he decides to do the right thing instead of following the tutus quo.
For example, despite the disapproval of the Macomb community, Tactics decides to defend Tom Robinson, an African American convicted of sexually assaulting Male Lowell, a Caucasian woman. Tactics defends Tom because he views it as the morally correct thing to do. When asked why he is defending Tom, Tactics says “For a number of reasons. The main one is, if didn’t I couldn’t hold up my head in town, I couldn’t represent this county in the legislature, I couldn’t even tell you or Gem not to do something again” (Lee 75). This quote portrays Tactics’ true nature and his pure morals.
Tactics simply knows that defending Tom is the right thing to do and doing so gives him a sense of satisfaction. This quote is a great example of Kantian. Tactics understands the implications of defending an African American man in court but decides to do it because of his true beliefs and morals. Similar to Tactics, Ralph uses his good moral judgment in tough situations. During a meeting with Jack on the island, Ralph decides that the littlest should receive protection from the older boys on the island. This is decided because it was believed that there was a beast on the island.
During the conversation, Jack says “Sucks to the littlest” and Ralph replies “Someone’s got to look after them” (Gilding 110). This quote portrays Rally’s good morals. He cares for the littlest even though they have been hated on the island by the other boys. Rally’s decision is a great example of Kantian, since he acts on his good morals and not on his friends’ opinions. Second, Tom Robinson and Simon both represent moral innocence, good ethics and Kantian in their respective novels. In the court hearings, Tom Robinson is interrogated by Mr.. Gilder for his actions. In one passage, Tom says “Yes, such.
I felt right sorry for her; she seemed to try Moreno the rest of me” (Lee 197). This quote portrays Tom’s innocence because during this time, Black people were not allowed to feel sorry for the opposite race, since White people were seen as superior. Tom truly felt sorry for Male and it was for this reason that he repaired her materials for free. The moral good and innocence of Tom Robinson ultimately lead him to his inevitable fate. In Lord of The Miss, Simon is another example of moral innocence. During the afternoon period, Simon regularly picks fruit room a tree to give to the littlest.
As the following quote illustrates, Simon picks the best ones and gives them to the littlest; “Then amid the roar of bees in the afternoon sunlight, Simon found for the littlest the fruit they could not reach, pulled off the choicest from up in the foliage, passed them back down to the endless, outstretched hands” (Gilding 57). This passage demonstrates Simony’s good morals. Although, many of the older boys ignore and abuse the littlest, Simon nurtures them. Simon understands that he must get fruits for them because they cannot reach the tree themselves.
If the littlest do not eat they will consequently starve and die. Simony’s morals and ethics are that of peace and good nature. Lastly, Jack Murdered and Bob Lowell represent the morally Wrong Utilitarianism part of society. In TO Kill a Mockingbird, Bob Lowell is a poor man living in the slumps of Macomb County. During the court hearings, Bob testifies against Tom because he believes that Tom sexually assaulted his daughter Male. Bob also expresses and directs his anger towards Tactics, Tom’s lawyer. This is illustrated in the following passage, ‘this morning Mr..
Bob Lowell stopped Tactics on the post corner, spat in his face, and told him he’d get him if it took the rest of his life” (Lee 217). This quote portrays Bob as a morally corrupt individual. He spits on Tactics and threatens him. Bob does this to overpower Tactics and gain control of the hearings in some possible way. His actions are Utilitarianism because he does what he wants without thinking about the moral consequences. In Lord of The Flies, Jack is similar to Bob in many ways. During the periods Of fear instilled by a mysterious beast, the children set up a search party to hunt and kill this beast.
A shadow resembling the beast appears and the children go on the offensive; “At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt onto the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws” (Gilding 169). This quote shows the full savagery of society if left without any guidance. The children have lost all sense of moral reasoning and they are not fully aware of what they have done. Equally, this quote shows that Jack’s fear of the beast has transgressed onto the children.