Sara Choice Political Science Reading Response “And therefore if any two men desire the same thing which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies,” stated Thomas Hobbes, an eminent English philosopher. One of Hobbes’ masterpieces is ‘ ‘The Leviathan” where he records his thoughts about absolutism, and his dissatisfactory view on the nature of man before government. John Locke, another well-known philosopher, opposes Hobbes’ conclusions about human nature.
He wrote “Of Civil Government,” here Locke speaks of a state of nature where men are free, independent, and equal. Locke and Hobbes were some of the most influential philosophers who discussed human nature and society; yet, these men had conflicting views over their political philosophies. Thomas Hobbes’ view on the nature of man is that humans are equal in faculties of body and mind. As a result in the belief of equality in ability, people will eventually desire to obtain their own ends. Hence, the state of war is cultivated because people are naturally willing to fight one another.
In this state every person has a liberty to do anything one thinks necessary for preserving one’s own life. Hobbes concludes that to achieve peace one must submit to an absolute overspent with a ruler through social contract. In essence, Thomas Hobbes main idea was that in the absence of an invincible absolute ruler, men would seek to destroy one another. Furthermore, John Lockers main idea was that men in the state of nature are free and equal, and at the liberty to do as they please, but only within the ‘bound of the law of nature’.
Locke thought that God gave these rights to people-?he used a biblical justification to support his argument. Notably, John Locke defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch. Both men had clashing views over the necessity of a government, and that was justified through their perspective of human nature. According to Thomas Hobbes, people who are not governed by a higher authority will eventually eradicate one another.
The following quotation validates my argument from Hobbler’s text, “Hereby it is manifest, that during the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition, which is called war; and such a war, as is of every man, against every man. ” The passage demonstrates that if the presence of an absolute ruler is missing, people will turn against each other ND they will unleash a war of all against all. This is why Thomas Hobbes emphasized the importance of having a ruler, to make sure chaos does not take action.
Likewise, there is an example of how John Locke believed that everyone was created with freedom to do as they please-?under the realm of the law Of nature. The quote says, “All men are naturally in, that is, a State of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature; without asking to leave, or depending upon the will of any other man… ” John Locke explains in this section that every single person is in a state of perfect liberty. Meaning people can do as they wish, only if it stays within the ‘bounds of the law. Indeed, the evidence supports the main ideas I encountered in each philosophers text. In addition, both Locke and Hobbes address the question of the necessity of government in several ways. For instance, Thomas Hobbes stands firmly with the conclusion that everyone must be subjected to an government so that people are not prone to harm each other. Correspondingly, Hobbes strongly believed that before government life in the state of nature was worthless. Found in “The Leviathan” it states that life without the presence of government was, “Solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. Basically, Hobbes was painting a horrid picture that portrays what life could seem if there did not exist an absolute government Since Hobbes is pessimistic about human nature, he believed government is really needed. Furthermore, John Lockers viewpoint on the requirement of a government differs from Hobbler’s. He believed that the government is necessary, but it has a limitation. Locke asserted that God has given man three natural rights, and he acknowledged that the government’s main obligation is to protect the people’s life, liberty, and property.
All in all, Thomas Hobbes believes govern meet is very necessary, while government is more subjective to John Locke. Moreover, the reason Hobbes believes that people should submit to an absolute government is because he believes humans are incapable of living in order and peace, without a dictator. Thomas Hobbler’s point of view on the nature of man is that people are always in constant competition, and will always end up destroying each other. However, if the people are under the rule of a powerful ruler, they will be at ease. Also, a reason why John
Locke held the idea that people are not demanded to be under the influence of a monarch is due to his beliefs in human nature. John Locke concludes that humans have a ‘state of perfect freedom’ to see what IS fit or not. Therefore, at times they can disagree with the government. In addition, Thomas Hobbes beliefs were impacted by external influences. Hobbes was living through the backdrop of the English civil war, he witnessed the absolute government of England break down, leading to a civil war, at the end of which the king was beheaded. Hobbes saw no proof of people living together in harmony without some form of authority. Http://www. Biography. Com/people/Thomas- Hobbes-9340461). Furthermore, John Locke lived through the Glorious Revolution, where this event influenced his beliefs. From that experience, he was able to understand that if the government does not protect the 3 natural rights, the government can be rightfully overthrown. (http:// www. Environmentalists. Org/entry/Glorious_Revolution). In conclusion, agree more with the ideals and beliefs of Thomas Hobbes. I agree that a government is needed, because with it there is order and structure. Also, people would listen to one authority figure; therefore, there would not be a rower struggle.
Hobbler’s statement about the state of nature is observable in people today. It says, “If two men desire the same thing, which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies. ” agree with the quotation because people always have rivalries, and it will usually result in a fight. Nevertheless, have not come to the extreme of believing in stasis completely. Human nature is corrupt, but at times so is the government. Like the leviathan Hobbes writes about in his book, I believe many countries need a fearless leader that can keep people from destroying themselves.