This perspective has grown considerably in recent years as the technology seed to study the brain and nervous system has grown increasingly advanced. Today, scientists use tools such as PET and MR. scans to kick at how drugs, disease and brain damage impact behavior and cognitive functioning. According to Sigmund Freud personality development has been a major topic of interest for some of the most prominent thinkers in psychology. Our personalities make us unique, but how does personality develop? How exactly do we become who we are today?
In order to answer this question, many prominent theorists developed theories to describe various steps and stages that occur on the road of personality development. The following theories focus on various aspects of personals¶y’ development, including cognitive, social and moral development Gender refers to the personal sexual identity of an individual, regardless of the person’s biological and outward sex. How people define masculinity and femininity can vary based on the individual’s background and surrounding culture.
Differing societal expectations in different cultures establish the behavioral, psychological and physical attributes that are associated one gender or another. Physiology is a branch of psychology that analyzes how the brain and neurotransmitters influence our behaviors, thoughts and feelings. This field can be thought of as a combination of basic psychology and neuroscience. Many psychology programs use alternate names for this field, Including physiology, physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology.
Bio psychologists often look at how biological processes interact with emotions, cognitions and other mental processes. The field of physiology is related to several other areas including comparative psychology and evolutionary psychology. Freud also believed that much of human behavior was motivated by two riving instincts: the life instincts and the death instincts. The life instincts are those that relate to a basic need for survival, reproduction and pleasure. They include such things as the need for food, shelter, love and sex.
He also suggested that all humans have an unconscious wish for death, which he referred to as the death instincts. Self-destructive behavior, he believed, was one expression of the death drive. However, he believed that these death instincts were largely tempered by the life instincts. Learn more about how these two forces interact and function in this overview of the life and death instincts. References BAL Frederickson – Review of general psychology, 1998 view. Essence. Pap. Org www. Journals. Elsevier. Com/studies-in-history-and-physiology www. Cosmologically. Rig THOSE WINTER SUNDAYS “Those Winter Sundays” benefits from biographical and historical interpretation. Robert Hayden was a mid-twentieth century African American poet who rarely called attention to racial issues. In fact, he was often criticized in the decades before his death by younger and more political black writers for not using racial themes more overtly. The themes are there nonetheless. Hayden grew up in Detroit in the sass’s as that city was being transformed by he migrations of hundreds of thousands of blacks moving from the South to the industrial North for work. His neighborhood was changing daily.
In addition, his own family life was a difficult and unstable one. His parents abandoned him as a baby, giving him to neighbors to rise. He believed that he had been adopted by the Hoyden’s, but they were only his foster parents. To complicate matters even more, the woman who used to come to stay with the Hoyden’s when he was young, Hayden later learned, was in fact Roberts biological mother. Such a strained family situation undoubtedly created ensigns for all involved. This background gives new meaning to the poem, and especially to line 9 and the unresolved question of the house’s “chronic angers. Hayden spent his early years in a home full of family secrets and in a city undergoing its own incredible transformation. The angers may be explained, in part at least, by the complex personal and sociological changes going on within and around. THOSE WINTER SUNDAYS (woman perspective) A POISON TREE William Blake makes a powerful statement about how he felt conflict should be handling. In this poem, Blake warns about the ill effects of holding malice inside oneself, the poem is a great metaphor that happens when someone allows anger to grow within, instead of using the communication to resolve conflicts.
It also tells us how fear can force people to think and do things that are highly out of character. These emotions can take someone to a dark place. This poem can explain us how human behavior can instantly change, with different emotions, and also how such an emotion can became poison to people’s minds allows to grow. Human nature had taught us communication and releasing such emotions before they fester is the safest path to resolve conflicts. Over the course of the poem, anger is developed as a poisoned tree.
In the first three stanzas, the metaphor of anger as a tree is developed using imagery that is suggestive of trees. In these stanzas, the development of anger from a seed to a tree is shown as it grows, it is watered and sunned, or nurtured and allowed to thrive, and eventually bears fruit, “an apple bright. ” Consonance is used in one instance to control the tone and mood of the events in the poem. In lines seven and eight, the soft “s” sound is repeated, giving the lines a softer and more deceitful and cunning tone.
Allusions are also apparent in the third and fourth stanza when the tree bears an apple which the foe beholds, and when the enemy steals into the garden. In the first stanza, the consequence of allowing anger to continue instead of stopping it as it begins is shown. This consequence is simply that it will continue to grow. However, as the poem progresses, it is seen that this continued growth of anger can yield harmful results as the enemy, or foe, is lured toward the tree and eats of its fruit, the poison apple. This kills his foe, as he is seen outstretched beneath the tree, a sight the speaker is glad to see the next morning.