Decades of illegal logging. remarkably high rainfall and geographics have all contributed to the desolation wrought by storms that have lashed the Philippines. the authorities and conservationists say. With 100s dead or losing in inundations and landslides in Quezon. Nueva Ecija and Aurora states. incrimination has fallen on illegal lumbermans who have stripped hillsides bare and turned exuberant green woods into decease traps. Geography has played its portion excessively. The Filipino archipelago of some 7. 000 islands sits astraddle Southeast Asia’s typhoon belt and is normally the first state to be hit by typhoons from the Pacific Ocean.
Infanta. one of the hardest-hit countries. is normally the first port of call for an norm of 19 typhoons and tropical storms that hit the Philippines every twelvemonth. said main authorities conditions predictor Prisco Nilo. He said the latest storm was the 25th to swerve into the Philippines this twelvemonth. doing it an exceeding twelvemonth. Government hydrologist Richard Orendain said although the occupants of Infanta and nearby Real and General Nakar are used to typhoons. what they likely failed to expect was the effects of the sum of rainfall that fell on the part over the past hebdomad.
Orendain told AFP that in one 24-hour period on Sunday some 144 millimetres ( 4. 3 unstable ounces ) of rain fell over the part. The monthly norm for November is 611 millimetres. “Even though it was non a strong typhoon. the destructive impact was magnified by the sum of rain that fell over the country. ” he said. “We can’t truly state whether illegal logging was the chief cause. though it may hold contributed to it. ” Orendain said the land H2O tabular array had “probably reached impregnation point” observing that the country was difficult hit by another storm merely a hebdomad before. So the H2O had no where to travel. ” he said.
With many in the authorities faulting illegal logging for the current catastrophe. President Gloria Arroyo ordered a countrywide crackdown. “Illegal logging must now be placed in the order of most serious offenses against our people. ” Arroyo said in a statement Wednesday. “The series of landslides and flash floods that hit several parts of the state should function as a aftermath up call for us to fall in custodies in continuing our environment and stepping up re-afforestation. “
Senator Richard Gordon has called for an probe into the catastrophe. “For old ages the the section of environment and natural resources has failed to travel after the illegal lumbermans runing in many parts of the state. ” he told newsmans Tuesday. Vice President Noli de Castro said the state had still non learned the lessons from landslides and deluging in 1991 on the island of Leyte which left 1000s dead. “Illegal logging was found to be the chief subscriber to that catastrophe. ” de Castro said.
Forest economic expert Lourdes Catindig. of the government’s natural resources and environment section. told AFP the southern Sierra Madre. which runs through the eastern subdivision of the chief island of Luzon. still has some forest screen left. “We issued a logging moratorium in the country in the seventiess. ” she said. In the last decennary. the Philippines has suffered badly from natural catastrophes. In 1990. cardinal Luzon was hit by both a drouth and a typhoon that flooded practically all of Manila.
Still more damaging was an temblor in 1990 that devastated a broad country in Luzon. including Baguio and other northern countries. The archipelago besides straddles the alleged Pacific rim of fire and is place to some 200 vents of which 17 are still active. In June 1991. the 2nd largest volcanic eruption of the twentieth century took topographic point at Mount Pinatubo. merely 90 kilometres ( 55 stat mis ) northwest of Manila. Up to 800 people were killed and 100. 000 made homeless following the eruptions.