Deduction of Science and Technology to mans’ usage is every bit old as 2500 B. C or much earlier when the people. of Indus Valley Civilization came to cognize first clip about the fire and the wheel. Wheel is the female parent of all technological inventions of today and find of fire is the man’s foremost experience about energy.
Since so. man’s wonder and punctilious attempts have helped him for new innovations and finds. But Science and Technology got its existent acknowledgment in India during the British period and were established to run into the demands and demands of the so authorities. During nineteenth century. when the whole Europe passed through a stage of Industrial Revolution. the Britishers besides put accent on development of Science and Technology in India.
Constitution of railroad system. edifice of canals and development of a web of meteoric Stationss began. The first scientific study of this state was done during this clip. Several academic establishments. such as Asian Society in Calcutta in 1784. the Indian Association for the Advancement of Science in 1876 and many others were created
All these generated a greater consciousness of scientific discipline in the state and finally led to the birth of modern scientific discipline in India between 1890 and 1940.
However. the terminal of the last century and the first 50 old ages of the present 1 was a period of Renaissance of scientific discipline for India. Celebrated scientists like Sir J. C. Bose. C. V. Raman. S. N. Bose. Srinivasa Ramanujan. Dr. Homi J. Bhabha. the male parent of India’s atomic power. Vikram Sarabhai. Dr. Har Govind Singh Khorana etc. became well-known for their noteworthy scientific researches in assorted Fieldss and brought name and celebrity for the state.
During station independency period and through the vision of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru the so Prime Minister. Science and Technology were developed in a witting manner as a major force for speed uping societal and economic alteration. Nehru clearly expressed his positions in his ‘Discovery of India’ :
“It was scientific discipline entirely that could work out the jobs of hungriness and poorness. of insanitation and illiteracy. of superstitious notion and toddling usage and tradition. of huge resources running to waste. of a rich state inhabited by hungering people. ”
Programme of ‘Green Revolution’ has made it true. Now. in the Fieldss of infinite research. atomic energy. biotechnology and agribusiness. India has achieved a batch. Continuous outgrowth of new countries and micro countries are bit by bit deriving the importance and specialized research countries like Superconductivity. Laser. Supercomputers. Robots and Robotics. Information Technology. Ocular fibres etc. have resulted in a huge enlargement in the areas/fields of SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY activities.
India is still dawdling behind in the field of energy ; specifically tackling clean. safe and non-polluting energy through ecstasy of non-conventional resources. Solar energy. the limitless beginning ( the Sun ) provided by the nature. is still underutilized. Though much is achieved. but more is left unattended.
Hence. with the consistent support of the authorities every bit good as private establishments today there are about 3000 public and private establishments engaged in basic/fundamental. applied researches and development plants in assorted Fieldss of SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.