Input, Process and Output In any business, the first thing you have to think about is the input. The input varies depending on what kind of a business you are thinking of. Ill be discussing the inputs, Processes and outputs with regards to farming. There are different types of farming such as arable farms, which the main way of making profit is by growing crops. Then theres livestock farming where animals are the main source of profit.
And lastly mixed farms where animals and crops are both important to the farmer. Because there are a few different types of farms there are loads of inputs. Input With farming there can be two types of inputs. The first one is called natural or physical inputs. This includes inputs such as weather, soil, climate, geology, sunshine and temperature. The reason for these being natural inputs is because farmers cant really do much about these things. However, some can be done but it can cost a lot.
For example if there is an area of the farm where there is little rainfall the farmer can make a steep slope from terraces or the climate can be changes with greenhouse gases Then there is human inputs. These can be things like all the different machinery needed for the actual farming, pesticides, the seeds needed to grow the crops, the actual animals if its an livestock farm, food the animals , fertilizers for the crops, some workers obviously and buildings also. All of these things need money so I think money is an input aswell.
Process this is the part where all the inputs are used. So planting will be a process where someone plants the crops. If there is a livestock with cows etc then the major activity is milking and that is also a process. Feeding the animals is also important of course. On a arable farm where the main source of income is the crops, ploughing is needed. Spraying the crops with all these different fertilisers and growth things is part of the process too and to also protect the crops from slugs and other insects.
Weeding is also needed to get rid of the excess plants that grow with the crops. These are the different types of processes you can find in farms Output the output is basically the outcome of all the process. So for arable farms the outcome would be all the different types of crops the farmer has grown. For livestock farms the output can be wool sheared of sheeps. Also from livestock you can get milk as an output, new livestock if they give birth and all of these outputs can be sold. And when you sell you get money.