Interest groups help pass on and legalize authorities policies in several ways. As instability is certain to pull political activity [ 1 ] . it besides attracts involvement groups to tamper in such political activity. When certain authorities policies conflict with the specific involvements of these groups. they can name the attending of the authorities through public presentations or protests.
They can besides utilize mass media to inform the general populace about their positions on certain authorities policies. thereby pass oning non merely their place on the issues involved but besides the authorities policies being addressed. On the other manus. when certain authorities policies support the involvements of these groups. they can further heighten the legitimacy of such policies by carry oning a public forum designed to increase the public’s consciousness on such policies. thereby garnering more public support.
Even without involvement groups. pass oning and legitimating authorities policies can still be achieved. For the most portion. people can still form themselves without keeping a corporate involvement other than the disposition to either support or protest an existing authorities policy.
Since a more developed state is most likely populated by more involvement groups [ 2 ] . authoritiess faced with the undertaking of publishing specific policies in order to further economic growing are most likely to confront resistance from certain involvement groups who oppose such policies. One illustration is when a authorities decides to publish a policy of free trade in response to the demand of increasing the country’s trading activities so as to excite the economic system.
Interest groups opposing the authorities policy of free trade can present presentations in public locations. Making so can increase their opportunities of being heard by the authorities and. in effect. obliging the authorities to set its policies consequently. At the same clip. these involvement groups will openly pass on to the public the grounds why they oppose the policy without coercing them to fall in their cause. At the least. public presentations serve the intent of informing the populace and the authorities that a sector of the society opposes certain authorities policies.
Mass media plays a cardinal function in pass oning the positions of involvement groups towards authorities policies. Since persons interact with issues emphasized in media coverage [ 3 ] . there is ground to believe that involvement groups can make and act upon public perceptual experience through mass media in general. Interest groups can print their articles through paid newspaper column infinite on a specific day of the month of issue that they feel will hold a lasting and strong feeling on readers.
Interest groups opposing specific commissariats in authorities policies on health care. for case. can pay for a infinite in a major newspaper where they can province their grounds for opposing the commissariats and the options that can be done. The method will most likely reach a big portion of the population due to the big circulation of a major newspaper. thereby informing a wide section of the populace.
Television and wireless shows besides provide avenues for involvement groups to pass on to the public their place on authorities policies. For illustration. an involvement group opposing the bing authorities policy on C emanations can either do a petition to telecasting webs to supply them with a show where they can aerate their positions or accept invitations for treatments or interviews on telecasting. Whether or non these involvement groups are able to convert the sing public. it is likely that they are still able to pass on a part of the substance of the authorities policy on C emanations.
On the other manus. involvement groups can besides legalize authorities policies. particularly those that are aligned with their concerns. One manner of accomplishing it is to carry on a public forum where people can take part or merely listen to treatments about the policies. For case. involvement groups can keep a public forum in the town hall and discourse immediate concerns sing the current authorities policy on in-migration.
With the in-migration policy prefering their side. these involvement groups can circulate the information about the benefits of the policy which can finally interpret to more public support. Since the cardinal rule is that the people is the beginning of the government’s power. public treatments conducted by involvement groups which are able to garner public support for authorities policies further legalize such policies.
The force per unit area of involvement groups to their Congressional Representatives can besides legalize authorities policies. Letterss to Congressional Representatives coming from involvement groups can assist inform these representatives that a part of their components are in support of a authorities policy that the representative may or may non really favour.
Through such letters. involvement groups can set a force per unit area on their dissenting representatives to prefer the authorities policy regardless of political associations. Signature runs when taken together with letters to Congressional Representatives can add more weight to the support given to authorities policies. giving these representatives more ground to aline their places with the public perceptual experience.
However. authorities policies can be communicated or legitimized to a certain grade despite the absence of involvement groups. Other ways to accomplish the end of pass oning and legitimizing authorities policies include signature runs. public duologue with authorities functionaries and informercials sponsored by the authorities.
Through the enterprise of a few persons. signature runs can be launched in support of or resistance to certain authorities policies. Signature campaigns of this nature do non needfully necessitate the leading of involvement groups since private persons can besides garner public signatures even without an association to any specific involvement group. The intent is to merely garner signatures every bit many as possible without trying to organize a formal group out of the entire figure of participants.
Public duologue with authorities functionaries can besides be a manner to inform the populace about authorities policies. The duologue can be sponsored by the office of the concerned authorities functionary or the local members of the community. Through duologue. authorities functionaries are able to discourse in item the intent and nature of certain authorities policies. Peoples are besides given the opportunity to inquire relevant inquiries to the authorities functionary whose response can further inform the populace.
Air outing informercials over the telecasting or wireless is besides a manner for the authorities to pass on its policies to the populace and to foster demo the legitimacy of such policies. Since an informercial is fundamentally a “one-way” type of communicating. it can merely inform the populace about authorities policies at best. Government policies communicated to the populace through wireless or telecasting informercials are already assumed to be legitimate ; the authorities is presumed to circulate information about authorities policies that are lawful and approved by the concerned authorities bureau.
Despite the possibility of pass oning and legitimating authorities policies in the absence of involvement groups. it is better if involvement groups are still able to dispute or reaffirm authorities policies particularly when taken in the context of a democratic society. The presence of involvement groups can bespeak the wellness of the political activity in any state. In their absence. the legislative assembly and the authorities in general may perchance overlook critical societal and political concerns or mistreat their power to make and implement policies.
Bischoff. Ivo. “Determinants of the Increase in the Number of Interest Groups in Western Democracies: Theoretical Considerations and Evidence from 21 OECD Countries. ” Public Choice 114. no. 1/2 ( 2003 ) : 197-218.
Domke. David. Dhavan V. Shah. and Daniel B. Wackman. “Rights and Ethical motives. Issues. and Candidate Integrity: Penetrations into the Role of the News Media. ” Political Psychology 21. no. 4 ( 2000 ) : 641-65.
Levmore. Saul. “Voting Paradoxes and Interest Groups. ” The Journal of Legal Studies 28. no. 2 ( 1999 ) : 259-81.