Disparities can cause a range of issues in modern society. These are not only due to race, gender or nationality, but also due to workless household as well as employment sectors. Not only less developed countries are facing these issues, but also developed countries like England are confronted by disparities.
In England and Wales, it has been found that most police forces unfairly target black and Asian people in their use of stop and search powers, according to a watchdog. The statistics show that Black people are stopped 6 times more likely, than white people. In total, 2.2 percent of the UK’s population has been stopped by the police, of which more than 11 percent where black. In London, England’s capital, this figure even reached a 20 percent high.
Disparities have also caused issues in Latvia’s society. Russians, who have settled at the coast of Latvia when the country was still part of the USSR, are now being discriminated against by the Latvians, and the government. Now there are over 400,000 Russians who are being mistreated, by having some of their rights taken off them, although they have lived there for many decades. This includes that these cannot become a CEO of a company, get lower wages in comparison to Latvian Citizens etc, although about a third of the Latvian population is made up of ethnical Russians.
Not only is racial discrimination a problem in Wales, Children who grow up in workless households has also increased here. Half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless, this compares to one in twelve for children of couples. These children are being discriminated against to the extent that they don’t have anybody to look up to or a role model in their life, meaning that they will not have an urge for education, because they see that if their parents don’t do anything to live, then why should I bother attend school and get a job? In total around 110,000 children are affected by this, in Wales at the moment.
In Niger, poverty as well as food insecurity is escalating, affecting over 30 percent of the households. Here women do not have the right to own land, and therefore need to rent or purchase houses, by themselves with for example their own food supply. Since most of this money or food is used to pay for rend, no money is left for themselves, especially at bad crop growing years, causing food insecurity. 50% of the people working on the fields are women, in comparison to the men who statistically earn around 369,000 pounds more than women across their careers, according to the Equal Pay Act, which tries to promote the career prospects of women and equal their pay with those of men.
The last issue I want to point out is the employment sector, which has led to instability in modern society between the formal and informal sector (economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government). Due to the informal sector, people have suffered the consequences of not being insured at work, being paid a steady wage, having job security, as well as not having a chance at promotion in their life, in comparison to the advantages which a formal sector job brings.
In conclusion, disparities do not only occur in less developed countries, even the UK is affected by the range of issues these disparities cause, including racial, gender and national discrimination, but also the affect of children brought up in workless households, and the informal employment sector.