Kinship systems in scrounging based societies provide support for all of the persons in the set community. The San. besides known as Bushmen. of Kalahari Desert are one of the best-known forage communities in the modern universe. They are besides one of the most. tightly knit sets held together by affinity. In chapter three of Cultural Anthropology written by Barbara Nowak and Peter Laird. depict the kinship relationships of the San by saying. “A repast for every family is composed of points of nutrient from each other’s labour ; they are non aliens. Generosity in sharing maintains kin and societal relationships while supplying a safety net” . Each member of the San civilization is non out for their ego or themselves. Alternatively they rely in their affinities from the other members of their set. and environing household. to come together come together jointly to back up each other. The San rely on the affinity they have with one another in several different countries of their lives. Three of the major countries include assemblage and distributing nutrient. make up one’s minding on who and when to get married every bit good as managing divorce
For scrounging based societies happening nutrient is indispensable to survival. The San. like so many other scrounging societies. move with the altering seasons to keep their nutrient supplies. With this changeless moving. integrity within the set is necessary to guarantee everyone receives nutrient. Nowak and Laird say “Not merely do households pool the day’s production. but the full camp—residents and visitants alike—shares every bit in the entire measure of nutrient available. The flushing repast of any one household is made up of parts of nutrient from each of the other households in the band” . It is this sort of affinity that strengthens the community. The set is made up of family and household relationships. both of which are really of import and every bit viewed. The San people would non turn away a neighbour. merely as they would non turn away their boy or female parent from sharing nutrient. They besides work together in garnering nutrient. If a huntsman is ill their household may non acquire rather every bit much so another member from the set will assist to pick up the slack so that the household with the ill huntsman will still hold nutrient to eat. The affinity between the members of the San aid to guarantee they work together every bit in roll uping and administering nutrient.
The ties between family of the San civilization besides help make up one’s mind who and when to get married. San adult females usually marry at really immature ages. Their households will usually assist to take the adult male she marries. or at least seek to carry her determination. Even though the household of the immature bride can non do her marry some one she dose non want to get married. they will non let her to get married close household members. Due to these matrimonies happening at such immature ages the household of the bride will hold the groom live with them until the immature bride to maturate adequate to be able to manage all the duties of running a family. This affinity between the groom and his in-laws allows the bride’s household the chance to guarantee that the groom will handle his immature married woman the right manner. If the household of the bride can construct a strong plenty affinity with the groom they guarantee that he will supply meat for them in their aged age from. Marriage besides builds affinity between sets. When two different sets are joined together by matrimony they so extend their blood-related ties. With the new affinity formed the sets have many more people to assist in times of demand.
Even if the ties of matrimony do non last. affinity is still observed within the San community. Kinship ever remains really of import in the San civilization. So much so that if it begins to interrupt down due to disassociate full sets would fall apart. Unfortunately. divorce is a common happening even in the San society. However the ties of affinity are still strong. Nowak and Laird say this about divorce. “it typically does non ensue in the dislocation of affinity ties. Peoples are frequently related in a assortment of ways. so the linkages exist beyond marriage” . Because affinity last beyond divorce. the San community can still work every bit.
The affinity of the San civilization ties is similar to the relationships bonds in Western society. I was raised in a civilization where we look out for one another. If a household member. neighbour or family is ill. we will be at that place to assist take attention of them in times of demand. Just as the San civilization portions nutrient equally. even if others in their set are excessively ill or can non acquire nutrient on their ain. our western civilization helps out the needy by utilizing nutrient casts. A difference between our western society and the San civilization is how we deal with divorce. The affinity ties are so profoundly imbedded with in the San civilization. that divorce does non interrupt down the integrity within a set. It is different in the West. Persons in western societies usually do non keep on tightly to the affinity ties made from matrimony when dissolved through divorce. So many households are lacerate apart by divorce alternatively of keeping healthy kinship relationships like the San civilization does.
Kinship relationships are vitally of import in every portion of the lives of the San people. Nowak and Laird say “a San will happen a comparative in every set he or she visits. Thinking affinity bilaterally is a scheme that is adaptative to times of scarceness. If a household is confronting a deficit where they live. they can travel to another band’s district and happen family. a topographic point to remain. and entree to water” . By holding affinity ties all over a San is ne’er entirely. The Western society can larn a batch about the importance of affinity ties from the San civilization.
Nowak. B. . & A ; Laird. P. ( 2010 ) . Cultural Anthropology. San Diego. California. United States of America. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //content. ashford. edu/books/AUANT101. 10. 2