Language is a really complex thing and it can non yet be to the full accounted for by anyone within one entirely consistent and comprehensive theory. Language is a meant of communicating. It is an of import tool for showing thoughts or facts. Language is vastly old exactly every bit old as our remotest human ascendants, for it is linguistic communication with make our species human, stringly distinguishing us from all other species.
Language is defined as systematized combinations of sounds which have intending for all individual in a given cultural community. For those linguistic communications which have been recorded, composing is the in writing representation of this combination of sounds. This definition of linguistic communications does n’t include such gestures, facial look and other organic structure motions as have been mentioned. Which, though they play a portion in communicating.
English as a foreign linguistic communication is one of the compulsory topic that is taught in Indonesia. It is taught at Junior High School ( SMP ) , Senior High School ( SMA ) up to university degree. The instruction of English at Senior High School consists of a broad mark of linguistic communication instruction. It comprises the instruction of the four linguistic communication accomplishment ; litening, speech production, reading and composing ; and the linguistic communication facets: construction and vocabulary. They are taught in every semester from the first up to the 3rd class.
Along with the above statement, it is clear that construction is taught in every semester to SMA ‘s pupils. The end of instruction construction is to acquire the scholars speak and write right. Associating to this instance, construction is the manner to construct a theoretical account of that uniquely human ability to build and understand sentences.
In showing any thought in both written and spoken linguistic communication. Structure plays a regulation well. In this instance, construction is a set of regulation by which we generate vocalizations which we hope will convey the significance to those who intended to have the vocalizations. Structure is besides a set of regulation by which we judge the grammaticality of our vocalizations in comparing with these of other talkers of the linguistic communication.
As a affair of fact, construction is one of the barriers that often hampers pupils in larning English. They even frequently stuble and autumn. For case, they face some jobs in larning the tenses from grammatical taught. This occurs likely due to the fact the regulations of English construction is rather different from pupil ‘s female parent lingua or they do non understand the map the tense itself. To get the better of this, the English instruction experts try to happen and develop methods and techniques of learning English either as 2nd or foreign linguistic communication to nonnative talkers.
Possibly the most of import word in the definition is sistematized. We speak in certain forms or harmonizing to certain system. Therefore, grammar of the linguistic communication is the system how the linguistic communication works in order.
There is a inclination to work out the whole subjects in this minor research. The author focused her work merely on English subjunctive ( conditional sentences ) in order to cognize how the pupils are able to understand or get the hang the stuffs related to the topic with direct method. This research was done to the first twelvemonth pupils of SMAN 3 Takengon.
Teaching on grammar, it is one of the linguistic communication aspects normally hard for pupils to larn, and it is sometimes for instructors to happen the appropriate method of teaching-learning procedure.
Grammar ( construction ) is taught in every semester to SMA ‘s pupils. The end of instruction construction is to acquire the scholars speak and write right. Without cognizing construction the scholars will non able to utilize ( to talk and compose ) right. Associating to this instance, construction is the manner to construct a theoretical account of that alone human ability to build and understand sentences.
Grammar is one aspects that must be learned by the pupils in order to cognize the regulations of English linguistic communication. Grammar has a broad range viz. tenses, gerund, aides, subjunctive, etc. Subjunctive ( conditional sentence ) is a conditional signifier reverse to the fact or true state of affairs ( Azar, 1985:392 ) . Peoples frequently make wants when want world to be different, to be precisely the antonym of ( contrary to ) the true state of affairs. Examples: 1. I do n’t cognize how to dance ( the true state of affairs ) I wish ( that ) I knew how to dance ( subjunctive ) 2. I ca n’t talk Chinese ( the true state of affairs ) I wish I could talk Chinese ( subjunctive ) 3. It is n’t Saturday ( the true state of affairs ) I wish it were Saturday ( subjunctive ) 4. James is n’t here ( the true state of affairs ) I wish he were here ( subjunctive ) 5. I have to analyze for a trial ( the true state of affairs ) I wish I did n’t hold to analyze for a trial ( subjunctive )
In this instance, the author will carry on the research at SMAN 3 Takengon. She will take this school as location of this survey because she wants to cognize how far the pupils of the first twelvemonth of SMAN 3 Takengon can get the hang subjunctive. Therefore, the author is interested to make the research at that school.
The author in this instance as a consolidate of the instructor thinks that she is responsible to look forwards a good technique for learning subjunctive more interesting to the pupils. The author would wish to do a survey about the pupils ‘ ability in get the hanging subjunctive particularly the first twelvemonth pupils of SMAN 3 Takengon. Further the author will take it because when she conducted preliminary survey, the author found the pupils got troubles in command construction particularly their accomplishment of subjunctive was low. Therefore, the author is interested to make the research at that school. Based on the above account the author will discourse about “ Students ‘ Ability in Using English Subjunctive ” ( A Case Study at the First Year Students of SMAN 3 Takengon ) .
1.2 The Problem of the Study
The job of the survey are formulated as follows: 1.How far the first twelvemonth pupils ‘ of SMAN 3 Takengon can get the hang subjunctive? 2.What troubles are faced by the pupils in get the hanging subjunctive? 1.3 The Purpose of the Study 1. To happen out how far the first twelvemonth pupils of SMAN 3 Takengon can get the hang subjunctive. 2. To happen out what troubles faced by the pupils in get the hanging subjunctive. 1.4 The Scope of the Study
This sort of research involves a survey of English subjunctive by the first twelvemonth pupils of SMAN 3 Takengon. This research is limited to the analysis of the trial on subjunctive given to the first twelvemonth pupils of SMAN 3 Takengon.
1.5Population and Sample
This research is designed by proving the sample of the pupils with a figure of inquiry on the subjunctive. The inquiries are 25 points in the signifiers of multiple pick inquiry consisting of three option ( A, B, C ) but merely one of them is right ( 20 points ) and 5 points in essay signifiers.
After obtaining the information needed, the research worker procedure the information by numbering the mean ( mean ) score the sample pupils got. After cognizing the mean the author group them covering with the accomplishment standard which has been formulated earlier. Finally we know the achievement degree of the pupils.
In order to reply or turn out the 2nd hypothesis the research worker gets to cognize per centum of the mistakes or errors made the pupils.
1.7The Organization of the Study
The whole thesis is divided into five chapters. Chapters I is the debut, including background of survey, job of survey, intent of survey, population and sample, range of survey, methodological analysis and organisation of survey. Chapter II trades with the reappraisal of literature which include larning English as a foreign linguistic communication, learning English to the pupils construction, the apprehension of tense, the English verb signifiers, and the definiton of subjunctiive.
Chapter III is information about methodological analysis of research. This chapter will discourse the location and state of affairs of the field research. Chapter IV is the consequence of the survey which includes the information analysis. Whether or non the author ‘s hypothesis is tested, will be discussed in this chapter. Finally, chapter V consists of decisions and suggestions.