There are several various models of addiction, as well as approaches to their recovery. Addiction is different for everyone. For some people, there was a catastrophic emotional event that forced them to turn to drugs or alcohol. For others, a love of partying in their ass never went away and spiraled into dependence over the course of several years. Some people have a family history of addiction, while others see themselves as the “black sheep. You hear stories of individuals who quit for a while on their own, got their lives on track and were hen able to drink moderately, but other people enter expensive treatment programs, only to have repeated severe relapses. Addiction is very different for different people. The cause of an individual’s susceptibility toward addiction also varies by the person. Addiction is not a “one size fits all” situation which can be remedied the same way no matter what the circumstances.
Each individual case of addiction has its own “quirks”, its own cause, its own weaknesses, strong points, and most of all: recovery. Treatment for addiction should be decided on case by case basis. The most effective approach for one person’s battle with addiction wouldn’t necessarily even make a difference on another’s struggle. There are numerous models, as addiction is a very complex problem, with countless possible outcomes. The disease model has been the dominant model of treatment in the United States since the asses.
In its purest form, the disease model contends that certain individuals have a distinct physical or psychological condition that renders them incapable of drinking or using drugs in moderation. As part of a retirement approach, the disease model endorses working with the individual to “accept” their diagnosis and be persuaded to follow a life of abstinence from alcohol and other mood-altering drugs. The Moral Model of addiction implies that people have a choice as to their use of substances.
The decision of whether or not to use is based on “choice” by each individual, and it is considered a “moral weakness” to use substances excessively or problematically. Recovery in this model would focus on the individual strengthening their moral value system. The Coloratura and psychological addiction model develops and endures as a result of social and/or cultural factors such as a dysfunctional home life, unemployment, poverty, violence, lack of affection, peer pressure, and also the ease and availability of the drugs (or alcohol).
This model attributes the susceptibility toward addiction to external factors, which may bring on unhappiness or depression, which, the individuals turn to their addiction to cope, or comfort, or even escape their life. In contrast to the traditional theories, a model called the Biophysically (BSP) model has been developed to explain he complex interaction between the biological, psychological, and social aspects of addiction. The term “Biophysically” comes from combining the individual factors that contribute to the model: biological, psychological (thoughts, feelings, behaviors), and social.
Many treatment providers (particularly those in traditional addiction treatment) use the same term to include a fourth factor, spirituality. (Engel, 1 977) While most contemporary addiction professionals and treatment centers do not fit precisely into any one of the addiction models, each can be armed as such, by talking about their general philosophy and your background. Determining which modality of treatment is best left to the family and the individual needing treatment.
Similar to other chronic, relapsing diseases, such as heart disease, drug addiction can be managed successfully. And as with other chronic diseases, it is not uncommon for a person to relapse and begin abusing drugs again. Relapse, however, does not signal treatment failure?instead, it indicates that some form of treatment should be reinstated or adjusted, to help the individual regain intro and continue on the road to recovery. Relapse occurs when person who was affected by addiction in the past falls back into the thralls of addiction.
Even though someone has gone through the effort of going through treatment, they have to stay committed to sobriety. Just going to rehab and therapy doesn’t make you cured of the addiction; a person has to be devoted to sobriety because addiction is something that is dealt with daily for the rest of a person’s life. The reasons for relapse are numerous, but the main reasons are withdrawal symptoms, stress and a recovering addicts environment. Withdrawal symptoms include weight loss, paranoia, vomiting, seizures, sweating, insomnia, rapid heart rate, tremors, headaches and depression.
These symptoms can last from a few days to weeks. Often the symptoms of withdrawal become so intense that it drives the recovering addict to start using again. Many studies have found that stress is another leading cause of relapse. Often stress can trigger depression and lead people to turn to alcohol and drugs again. Another leading cause of relapse in a recovering addict is their surrounding environment. The environment people surround themselves with can be the difference between a successful recovery and relapse.
Addiction may also be an effect of culture. Within every region of the United States there are entire communities living in poverty. These impoverished communities have fewer opportunities to advance in life and experience higher crime rates. Lacking basic safety and opportunities for a better life, boredom and frustration run high. Daily living becomes stressful as day-to-day survival becomes more challenging. These circumstances create an environment that allows addiction to flourish.