Lessons Learned From the 9/11 Attacks
The post – 9/11 US is significantly different considering the terrorist incident that occurred in its land. A spill-over from that experience manifests in the other issues that the country is facing. Some of these issues and the response from the policy makers will be elaborated in this paper.
The first issue which divided decision-makers’ opinions is the National Security Strategy or the Bush Doctrine launched in 2002. This document states that America will unilaterally intervene or conduct a pre-emptive strike towards rogue states to “correct” its internal conflict. Realist decision-makers greatly supports this policy considering that rogue states, such as Iraq, needs to be disarmed from its Weapons of Mass Destruction (Kemp n.p). However, idealist lawmakers contest this assumption knowing that the disarmament process is just a cover-up for a greater American goal of regime change (Chenoy 16). Because of this escalating debate between the law enforcers, the American public was greatly affected.
Another issue related to the National Security Strategy is America’s National Security Agency’s wiretapping endeavor and telecommunications interference. President Bush’s program on wiretapping without a warrant which was passed last December 2005 allows the government to eavesdrop on foreign calls or their communication system for security purposes (Risen n.p). However, discrepancies in the opinions regarding this is observable in the American society. Democratic leaders are very supportive of this program and coordinates with the White House on modifying the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. They are very hopeful that the Republican counterpart will help them on this. Moreover, the Senate is also looking at the issue and having debates on its provisions. Yet some Senators, like Senator Harry Reid of Nevada greatly shows its support for the policy. In the same manner, Congressional leaders are looking at the said document and are negotiating well to come to a compromise. Representative Heather Wilson, a Republican from New Mexico, observes the importance of this program echoing Admiral McConnell’s statement that its is a very serious matter (Risen n.p).
Lastly, because of the 9/11 tragedy, post-9/11 America sees itself facing the challenge of immigration. Many US officials claim that they are doing their best to monitor and regulate immigration in the country. However, many cogressional critics assert that there should be an increased effort to do this. Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona, echoed the need to tighten security measures especially since his state shares border with Mexico. This was further supported by Porter Goss, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency (“US Continues to Tighten Immigration”). On the other hand, some policy makers believe that the US security policy has gone too far. Michael Chertoff, Homeland Security Secretary stated that US should consider a balance between ensuring seurity and realizing that the country still “remains as a favored destination for immigrants from around the world” (“US Continues to Tighten Immigration”).
Chenoy, Anuradha. Demystifying Terrorism : a War Against Terror ; The Terror Of War, US Hegemony ; Militarism. ARENA, 1997.
Kemp, Geoffrey. “Realists and Idealists: Interpreting the Bush Doctrine.” 2002. The Nixon Center 14 May 2008 ;http://www.nixoncenter.org/publications/articles/Kemp/090302realists_and_idealists.htm;.
Risen, James. “Democrats Scrambling to Expand Eavesdropping.” 2007. The New York Times. 14 May 2008 ;http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/01/washington/01nsa.html_r=1;oref=slogin;.
“US Continues to Tighten Immigration Following 9/11 Attacks.” 2005. Washington. 14 May 2008 ;http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2005-05/2005-05-03-voa45.cfm;.