Introduction Library direction system is an facet or subdivision of information direction system that keeps the records of both the library users. books in the library and the activities that is traveling on in the library. activities like borrowing books and returning books. Information direction in general is the aggregation and direction of information from one or more beginning and distribution of the information to one or more audience.
This sometimes involves those who a interest in or right to that information. Management means the organisation of and command over the construction. processing. and bringing of information. In short information direction entails forming recovering geting and keeping information. It is closely related to and overlapping with the pattern of informations direction.
A good library director must be able to take of the undermentioned activities in the library ; Keep records of books in the library. maintain records of the library user. maintain path of books borrowed by any library user. maintain record of clip a library user borrowed and return books and besides after each twenty-four hours for determination devising intent. the library director must be able to do analysis of books borrowed per twenty-four hours. analysis of the type of book people requested for per twenty-four hours and analysis of the writer people read his/her book most per twenty-four hours.
The outgrowth of the Internet. nevertheless. has led to the acceptance of electronic catalog databases ( frequently referred to as “web cats” or as on-line public entree catalogs. OPACs ) . which allow users to seek the library’s retentions from any location with internet entree. This manner of catalog care is compatible with new types of libraries. such as digital libraries and distributed libraries. every bit good as older libraries that have been retrofitted. This proposed system is an offline entree of library system or it doesn’t demand to hold an cyberspace or web connexion to run the plan.
It focuses on library dealing including adoption of books. bring forthing a library study in much accurate and easier manner. In this system. the librarian doesn’t have to utilize a card catalog ; all she has to make is seek the specific name of the book. rubric of book. and/or writer in the system. The grounds why the research worker chose to analyze the electronic library system are. to happen out the effectivity of the electronic library system in the topographic point where it is implemented. to reply the jobs encountered in the bing library systems and to demo extra characteristics that can be integrated for faster retrieval of informations.
Theoretical / Conceptual Framework An Integrated Library System ( ILS ) . besides known as library direction system ( LMS ) . is a resource planning system for a library. used to track and pull off books in the library ( Adebayo 2007 ) . An ILS is normally comprised of a relational database. package to move on that database. and two graphical user interfaces ( one for frequenters. one for staff ) . Most ILS separate package maps into distinct plans called faculties. which are so integrated into a incorporate interface.
Examples of faculties include: acquisitions ( telling. having. and invoicing stuffs ) . cataloging ( sorting and indexing stuffs ) . circulation ( imparting stuffs to patron’s and having them back ) . seriess ( tracking magazine and newspaper and newspaper retentions ) . and the OPAC ( Public Interface for Users ) . Each frequenter and point has a alone ID in the database that allows the ILS to track its activity. Larger libraries use an Illinois to order and get. receive and bill. catalog. circulate. path and shelve stuffs. Most ample First World libraries use an ILS.
Smaller libraries. such as private places or non-profit organisations ( e. g. churches and temples ) . frequently forego the disbursal and care required to run an ILS. and alternatively utilize a library computing machine system. ILS was frequently known as library mechanization systems or machine-controlled system in the 1970’s and early 1980’s. Before the coming of computing machines. libraries normally used a card catalog to index its retentions. Computers were used to automatize the card catalog. therefore fall backing the card catalog. maintaining it up-to-date with regard to the aggregation. etc.
Other undertakings automated include look intoing out and look intoing in books. bring forthing statistics and studies. acquisitions and subscriptions. indexing journal articles and associating to them. every bit good as tracking interlibrary loans. Since the late 1980’s Windowss and multitasking have allowed concern maps to be integrated. Alternatively of holding to open up separate applications. library staff could now utilize a individual application with multiple map faculties. As the cyberspace grew. ILS sellers offered more functionality related to the cyberspace.
Major ILS systems now offer web-based portals where library users can log in to see their history. regenerate their books. and be authenticated to utilize on-line databases. Shibanda ( 2002 ) cited that incorporate procedure of a computerized library system can maintain the path of all the books and periodicals and maintaining the position updated. Apparently. there are “user IDs” and associated watchwords to do an entree in the system. This will maintain all the information sing the stuffs updated and monitored. The usage of the computerized library system is a sort of engineering that is popular in the developed states.
Possibly. this is the right clip for the developing states to demo any mark of development and advancement even in the technological attack. A computerized library system among the universities is merely a simple attack to alter the attack of the schools in their one of most busy countries. Through the usage of the necessary substructure and execution of the procedure. the computerized library system can be effectual. Stephen Abram ( 2009 ) said that traditionally. the library direction system or integrated library system ( ILS ) was responsible for running libraries expeditiously and efficaciously.
Over the last few old ages. the function of the ILS has been spread outing from run intoing library demands to presenting user experience. Pandita ( 2004 ) in her paper “Collection Development in the Digital Era” examined the impact of electronic format on the aggregation development. She pointed out that the policy of content development needs to be worked out and re-designed. Mandal and Panda ( 2005 ) in their research paper titled “Collection Development in the Internet Age and the Need for a Consortium in the Engineering College Libraries in West Bengal: A Study” discussed the different dimensions of aggregation development.
The bing province of library aggregation and infrastructural installations of 17 technology college libraries in West Bengal were examined. Author suggested the staff preparation. proviso of equal staff and financess. appropriate substructure in IT and a demand based aggregation. This survey requires informations for books and borrowers which will be used for enrollment. checking records on the database. position and print book position. Output of the electronic system will be the releasing of the books. Issue of reception and prints other information.
INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT Figure 1: Schema of the Study Statement of the Problem This survey aims to happen out the effectivity of E – Library in the Municipal Library of Liloy. Zamboanga Del Norte during the calendar twelvemonth 2012 – 2013. Specifically it intends to reply the undermentioned inquiries: 1. What is the position of the library system? 2. What are the jobs encountered by the current library system? 3. What proposed system to be implemented? 4. What is degree of functionality in footings of truth and velocity? Significance of the Study.
The survey was focused merely to better the library system that helps the librarian. readers. and other concerned people in footings of borrowing books. dealing. pull offing informations. economy records. bring forth studies and the clip and attempt statements of premise. The electronic system manages and maintains records in a library of a certain borrower used to borrow books from a library. Transaction of books can be faster. and with the used of this system. there’s no demand of manual recording by the librarian or any individual who is in-charge to this system. which made the user of this system’s work igniter and convenience.
The survey is non intended to alter all the rule inside informations and methods of borrowing books from the library but instead to better it in much accurate and dependable signifier. Scope and Boundary line: The range of the survey was to look into the effectivity of the computerized library system in order to back up the uninterrupted acquisition in assorted pedagogical scenes. To accomplish this primary end. the survey should see the three aims.
First is to compare the bing library system from the traditional system. Second is to compare and contrast the assorted schools or universities that successfully managed the computerized attack as new library. Third is to place the failings and possible menaces to do a recommendation on how to beef up the computerized library system.
The survey was limited on broad country networking which needs greater demands on both system hardware and package and entirely implemented in the Municipal of Liloy. Zamboanga del Norte. Definition of Footings In order to hold clearer thought about the survey. the research worker defines the undermentioned footings: Code.
This pertain to the procedure of composing the necessary codification required to develop the paradigm Library Management System. LMS. Library Managements System. Software helps the users to pull off a library. Database. This term mains a big. comprehensive. and important aggregation of informations carefully organized and recorded so that information may be derived from it. Librarian.
The primary user of the system. In charge of user’s creative activity. book point creative activity. look into –The one who borrow books from the library. Borrower. The 1 who borrow books from the library. Computerized.
To come in. procedure. or shop ( informations ) in a computing machine or system of computing machines. Manually. Is done with the custodies by human labour. non automatic. Library. A considerable aggregation of books kept for usage. and non as ware. System. Is a group of elements that are integrate with the common intent of accomplishing an object. Data. Is information in a signifier suitable for usage with a computing machine.
Report. Is a piece of information describing. or an history of certain events given or presented to sosmenone. Program Testing. Phase in plan development procedure which the coder is task to run and prove to find the plan mistakes.
Debuging. A procedure of repairing the mistakes in a computing machine plan. Internet. Group of web computing machine connected around the Earth. Chapter 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND RELATED STUDIES In this chapter. literature and surveies are presented. These are related to library direction system. These are taken from assorted mentions and all of which have bearing with this survey. Literature By development of the computing machines in entree and direction of information. universities can now administrate the library’s operational efficiencies and organisational effectivity.
The more enlightening system in libraries can expeditiously help the processing of cognition by providing the utile information. The computerized library system in universities is expected to decrease the load on both librarian and pupils in seeking for the appropriate books and information.
Therefore. the new library system centres in the advantages in footings of accessing. recovering. and sharing information most particularly in a technologically oriented University environment ( Shibanda. 2002 ) . The incorporate procedure of a computerized library system can maintain the path of all the books and periodicals and maintaining the position updated.
Apparently. there are “user IDs” and associated watchwords to do an entree in the system. This will maintain all the information sing the stuffs updated and monitored. The usage of the computerized library system is a sort of engineering that is popular in the developed states. Possibly. this is the right clip for the developing states to demo any mark of development and advancement even in the technological attack. A computerized library system among the universities is merely a simple attack to alter the attack of the schools in their one of most busy countries.
Through the usage of the necessary substructure and execution of the procedure. the computerized library system can be effectual. However. the state or the universities should reply the assorted challenges including the synergistic connexions ( telephone and modem ) . the electricity jobs. and the procedure of handiness and privateness issues. In constructing the strengths among the universities. it is foremost of import to turn to the issues that might impact the efficiency and effectivity of the procedure. The thought of the computerized library system is supported with the synergistic environment of the state.
This will function as an advantage of the state to implement and negociate the motion towards the computerized library systems ( David. 1996 ) . In the Philippines. there are many universities that openly participated in the computerized library systems which add to their value of advancing the acquisition. However. it is obvious that most of the universities that managed this new system are private or semi-private establishments. The centralised ground that might lend in this system is the big investings that the universities bound to supply.
If all of the universities in the state successfully provide the library cybernation. there is a possibility to put the acquisition in a most accessible and easiest manner. Stephen Abram ( 2009 ) said that traditionally. the library direction system or integrated library system ( ILS ) was responsible for running libraries expeditiously and efficaciously. Over the last few old ages. the function of the ILS has been spread outing from run intoing library demands to presenting user experience. Change has been focused on invention in user experience. That is a challenge because libraries vary and their online users and physical users are different.
For illustration. in a public library the physical users tend to be transaction-focused or those with less IT entree or experience. In contrast. the on-line users of public libraries tend to be more extremely educated and computing machine literate. In academic libraries. the on-line entree comes from topographic points such as pupil lodging while those who come into the physical library tend to hold more complex jobs and necessitate aid with filtrating instead than happening information. Elisabeth Robson ( 2009 ) pointed out that. the catalogue has become a manner to draw together disparate resources. including commercial resources and web links.
Library direction systems besides allow circulation. including look into in/check-out and enable libraries to buy stuffs and path where they are. One of the biggest user demands is usability. It has to be straightforward and has to make some of the searching for the user. It’s astonishing how of import the expression and feel of the interface is. Users want simple interfaces with simple hunt boxes that do a batch behind the scenes – much like they are used to with Google. Librarians besides say that users want to retroflex the functionality that they see elsewhere.
For illustration. when they search the catalogue they want to be able to see reappraisals of the points they are interested in before they borrow them. Oren Beit-Arie ( 2009 ) discussed that. many libraries are at a hamlets. reassessing their concerns. missions and operations. The digital universe will rule more and more in the hereafter. because of both mass digitisation and born-digital content. Global economic sciences besides have an impact. Libraries want to make more with less where it matters. At the same clip. the LMS is non merely about the hereafter and digital content but besides about other types of content including physical.
The move to digital doesn’t mean that libraries won’t have any physical resources to pull off. They need to work with tools that support a intercrossed environment. Good linking is really of import. Our Primo tool was the first nexus resolver for the research community. Link resolvers enable users to snap on a nexus and acquire to the article. It doesn’t sound complicated but it is. because of the scope of entree methods available over the web. The article can be available in several topographic points. Which is best for the users depends on what subscriptions have been negotiated by their establishment.
It is a complicated web of many-to-many connexions. Marshall Breeding ( 2011 ) pointed out that. in this clip of tight budgets where libraries face hard determinations sing how to put their engineering resources. it’s helpful to hold informations sing how libraries perceive the quality of their mechanization systems and the companies that support them. This study. based on study responses from over two 1000s libraries. purposes to give some step of how libraries perceive their current environment and investigations at their dispositions for the hereafter.
Some libraries may mention to the consequences of this study as they formulate engineering schemes or even see specific merchandises. I urge libraries non to establish any determination entirely on this study. While it reflects the responses of a big figure of libraries utilizing these merchandises. I hope this study serves more as an instrument to steer what inquiries that a library might convey up in their considerations and non to do premature decisions based on subjective responses. Particularly for libraries with more complex demands. it’s unrealistic to anticipate satisfaction tonss at the really top of the rankings.
Large and complex libraries exercise all facets of an mechanization system and at any given clip may hold outstanding issues that would of course ensue in study responses short of the highest Markss. The study consequences besides aim to supply utile information to the companies involved in the library mechanization industry. While each company probably performs its ain steps of client satisfaction. this study may demo perceptual experiences in different ways. I hope that the rankings in each class and the published remarks supply utile information to assist each of the companies hone in on job countries
and do any needful accommodations to their support processs or merchandise waies. This twelvemonth marks the 4th clip that I’ve carried out this study. Each twelvemonth I have received around 2. 000 responses. and a few more libraries responded this twelvemonth than in any of the old loops. In really wide footings. the study consequences are similar this twelvemonth. but with some interesting new tendencies. Al-Ansari and Al-Enezi ( 2001 ) conducted a survey to measure the current position of wellness scientific disciplines libraries in Kuwait. Study was titled 16 “Health Sciences Libraries in Kuwait: A Survey of Their Resources. Facilities. and Services” .
Library installations. usage of IT. information services and co-operation were the assorted aspects explored. Survey revealed that bulk of the library staff was non-professional. Libraries were offering merely basic information services and a important figure of libraries were non automated. Joshi ( 2001 ) “Veterinary College Libraries in Maharashtra. ” Information was gathered about libraries through questionnaire. Book aggregation was found unequal to run into information demands of the users and its growing was really slow. Journal subscription was non satisfactory. libraries were short-handed.
Writer recommended that Indian Council for Agricultural Research and Agricultural Universities should on a regular basis form orientation programmes for bibliothecs. Similarly. Veer ( 2004 ) carried out a survey titled “College of Education Libraries in Maharashtra: A Survey. ” It is an unpublished Ph. D. thesis. Gautam and Srivastava ( 2006 ) examined the prevalent place of certification and information services of libraries of 30 agricultural universities in India under title “State-of-the-Art of Documentation and Information Services in SAU Libraries in India” . It had been found that all libraries were supplying CAS and bibliographical services.
Adebayo ( 2007 ) conducted a survey to analyze the execution of library service criterions in the colleges of instruction in Nigeria under name “Library Services Standards Implemented in Colleges of Education in Nigeria” . Data was collected through structured questionnaire. Consequences of the survey revealed that libraries were rendering basic services as recommended by National Commissions for Colleges of Education. These were non supplying indexing and abstracting services. Partap ( 2007 ) conducted a study of the libraries of 18 colleges of instruction in 3 territories of Punjab.
He found that aggregation size of the libraries varied well and relatively older colleges had big aggregations. Majority of the libraries were being kept unfastened for 6 to 7 hours a twenty-four hours. He suggested for the debut of user instruction programme and stressed on the demand to increase the scope and deepness of aggregation and services. Sujatha and Mudhol ( 2009 ) in the paper titled “Evaluation of Electronic Information Services in the Fisheries College Libraries in South India: A Study” described the electronic information services in four piscaries college libraries.
Writers besides discussed the challenges the libraries and information centres were confronting. Thornton ( 2000 ) “Impact of Electronic Resources on Collection Development. the Roles of Librarians. and Library Consortia” . Study was conducted to happen the impact of electronic resources and the 21 Internet on aggregation development and discourse the altering function of bibliothecs. library co-operation and aggregation development. It had been concluded that pool will go more of import beginnings in electronic information universe.
Pandita ( 2004 ) in her paper “Collection Development in the Digital Era” examined the impact of electronic format on the aggregation development. She pointed out that the policy of content development needs to be worked out and re-designed. Mandal and Panda ( 2005 ) in their research paper titled “Collection Development in the Internet Age and the Need for a Consortium in the Engineering College Libraries in West Bengal: A Study” discussed the different dimensions of aggregation development.
The bing province of library aggregation and infrastructural installations of 17 technology college libraries in West Bengal were examined. Author suggested the staff preparation. proviso of equal staff and financess. appropriate substructure in IT and a demand based aggregation. Mulla and Chandrashekara ( 2006 ) “E-Resources and Services in Engineering College Libraries – A Case Study” . Study was conducted to analyze the attempts made by the technology college libraries in Karnataka to construct electronic resources.
Consequences of the survey revealed that aggregation and service substructure of the libraries in sampled parts were non up to the grade and libraries were fighting to construct digital aggregation and in circulating digital information due to miss of ICT substructure. IT trained manpower and dearth of fundss. etc. 22 Adekanmbi and Boadi ( 2008 ) in survey titled. “Problems of Developing Library Collections:
A Study of Colleges of Education Libraries in Botswana” ascertained the handiness and usage of aggregation development policies in the college of instruction libraries. in Botswana. In add-on to utilizing questionnaires. interviews were conducted to garner information from senior bibliothecs. deputy principals of colleges and board of the attached establishments of the University of Botswana.
Study brought to detect that bulk of the libraries did non hold aggregation development policies. Lack of changeless preparation for bibliothecs. unequal staff. deficiency of support from disposal and inaccessibility of aggregation development policies were some of the major jobs found.
It was further found that bulk of the libraries did non affect their users in preparation of policies and did non implement these for aggregation development. Study revealed the demand to develop bibliothecs on aggregation development. Mary and Sankar ( 2008 ) “Collection Evaluation of PSN College of Engineering and Technology Library and PET Engineering College Library in Tirunelveli District” . Writers described the assorted techniques of measuring the papers aggregation in academic libraries and evaluated the aggregation development patterns of two technology colleges.
Sharma et Al. ( 2008 ) evaluated the aggregation development in libraries of 38 technology colleges of Orissa under rubric “Collection Management of Engineering College Libraries of Orissa: An Appraising Study” . Information was collected from libraries utilizing questionnaires. 23 Study concluded that turning dissatisfaction of the users originating from non-availability of needful paperss and deficiency of proviso of services could be boiled down to some extent. by rendering at least CAS or current contents or information about latest add-on to users.
Mallaiah and Gowda ( 2009 ) in paper “Collection Development inMangalore University Library: A User Study” discussed the usefulnessof aggregation development in a university library and attempted to findwhether the UGC-INFONET E-journals were run intoing the users information demands. Chapter 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter nowadayss and describes the research design. research environment. research instrument and the research process. Research Design The survey utilized a description method reexamining a library database as footing to come up with the design on paradigm Library Management System.
The research worker decided to utilize Microsoft Visual Basic 6. 0 as the scheduling linguistic communication in the full system and Microsoft Access as the database wherein it will hive away the records of the borrower’s. books etc. Research Environment This research is focused at Municipal library of Liloy. Zamboanga Del Norte. Liloy is a third category municipality in the state of Zamboanga del Norte. Philippines. It embraces 37 barangays with a entire land country of 12. 843 hectares with a entire estimated population of 36. 948 in 1995.
It is chiefly as agricultural community whose bing economic system relies largely on harvest production such us maize. rice. coconuts. peanuts. and root harvests. Liloy is a fishing land of the northwesterly towns of the state of Zamboanga. It is besides known as “The Peanut Capital of ZaNorte” . Liloy is one of the most promising of the 12 towns of the 3rd Congressional District of Zamboanga del Norte. It was one time a barrio of Municipality of Sindangan. It was created and go a duly constituted municipal corporation by virtuousness of Executive Order No.
469 issued by President Elpidio Quirino on August 22. 1951 but was unorganized and inaugurated on December 16. of the same twelvemonth. [ 1 ] A immense part of the territorial legal power of Liloy had been taken off as a consequence of the creative activity and separation of Salug in 1959 and subsequently in Tampilisan in 1978. Now the entire land country is merely 12. 843 hectares. 78 per centum of the land country is agricultural planted to coconuts. maize. rice. and root harvest. Residential country is 65 ( 65 ) hectares. Commercial country at present is nine ( 9 ) hectares ; Industrial country is found in Barangay Timan and Sta.
Cruz with a entire land country of ( 10 ) ; institutional land is 50 ( 50 ) hectares and the remainder comprise the unfastened infinite and route right of – manner. What may be considered urban land harmonizing to the records in the assessor’s office are eight hundred 60 hectares and this increasing really fast with the nearing full operation of Liloy’s pier. Map of Liloy. Zamboanga Del Norte Research Instrument There where two sets of beginnings of information which will be used in this survey: The borrower’s informations which include the borrower’s ID. Borrowers name. Topographic point and contact. And the book informations which include the books no.
ISBN. book rubric. writer. class and the twelvemonth it has been published. Research Procedure The process of the survey was. the research worker secured permission from the Municipal library. Interviewed library staff and gathered of import data’s to be usage in the survey. so the following logical stairss followed. The research worker besides analyzed and designed the solution for the system. coded the solution into a programming linguistic communication. tested the running system and prepared elaborate specification of the survey for the benefit of the primary user of the system.
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