Mabel Keaton Staupers was born in Barbados. West Indies on February 27. 1890. She came to the U. S. in 1903 with her parents. She attended a nursing school in D. C. and graduated with awards. After graduating. she married James Max Keaton merely to subsequently disassociate. Her 2nd matrimony to Fritz C. Staupers ended with his decease in 1949. Mabel Staupers was influenced by many factors turning up. She saw the favoritism against African Americans as a kid. Later she would see first manus the battles of African American nurses and patients during the early 1900’s. During this clip it was hard for an African American nurse to happen employment. They frequently had to take places as private responsibility nurses. since infirmary places were few and far between. It was besides hard for African American nurses to obtain a higher instruction. as there were few higher instruction colleges demuring African American pupils. Another important influence for Staupers was the limited rank into nursing organisations for African Americans. If they were able to derive a rank. they were frequently limited ranks. All of these battles influenced Mabel Staupers to work towards stoping favoritism for African Americans. Throughout her calling. Mabel Staupers had many successes.
Staupers was one of the few African American nurses to be granted admittance to nursing school. She attended Freedman’s Hospital School of Nursing in D. C. in 1917. After graduating she moved to New York to assist set up the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium in Harlem. New York. This was the first infirmary to handle African American’s with TB. She besides held a place on the Citizens’ Committee affiliated with the New York local Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. However. she found the most pride in her place with the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses ( NACGN ) . She was non merely a member since its origin ; she was named the president of the NACGN during the old ages of 1949- 1951. The NACGN mission was to stop favoritism towards African Americans by college functionaries and the health care system and to endeavor towards integrating of African American nurses into all facets of nursing. One facet of nursing that Staupers felt strongly about was limited entree African American nurses had in the Army and Navy Nurses Corps. During WWII. there was a deficit of nurses and Staupers took full advantage of the state of affairs.
She used the deficit as purchase for African American nurses to derive entree to the Army and Navy Nurse Corps. She worked closely with Eleanor Roosevelt through a missive composing run. converting politicians to acknowledge all nurses ; black or white. By 1945. Staupers successfully ended favoritism in the Armed Forces Nurse Corps. Another success for Staupers came in 1948. when her old ages of work with the NACGN helped African American nurses gain full credence into the American Nurses Association ( ANA ) . Mabel Staupers was honored for her work in nursing by having many awards. She was a receiver of the Mary Mahoney Award. an award given twice a twelvemonth to those that have made important parts to those that help advance integration. Staupers was recognized for her leading and parts to African American nurses by having the Spingarn Medal for 1951. The Spingarn Committee is affiliated with the NAACP. She was besides inducted into the ANA in 1996 due to her valorous attempts to extinguish favoritism.
This was a immense achievement given that this was the same organisation that restricted ranks to African American nurses until 1949. Staupers. at the age of 71. documented the history of African Americans in nursing in a book titled. No Time for Prejudice. Although described as an autobiography. I found it to be more of an history of the history of nursing. She goes into great item about the adult female and their places and their parts to the profession. It is evident from her book that she was proud of the adult female she was surrounded by and wanted to hold a historical history of the history of nursing for future coevalss to bask good past her decease in November of 1989 at the age of 99. Mabel Staupers changed the universe of nursing. non merely for African American nurses but for all nurses. Because of her battle. a set of criterions for developing amongst all nurses was established. the figure of schools acknowledging African Americans increased from 14 to 330 from 1934 to 1950. and integration occurred. Although many nurses worked towards stoping favoritism Mabel Keaton Staupers was a important piece to the mystifier.
“Mabel Keaton Staupers. ” Encyclop?dia Britannica. Encyclop?dia Britannica Online. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 2011. Web. 17 Oct. 2011. . “Mabel Keaton Staupers. ” Noteworthy Black American Women. Gale. 1992. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 17 Oct. 2011. Nursingworld. org. 1996. . Staupers. RN. Mabel Keaton. No Time For Prejudice. New York: The Macmillian Company. 1961