1. Which of the following lists is included in what economists call “money”?
a. cash
b. cash and stocks and bonds
c. cash and stocks and bonds and real estate
d. cash and stocks and bonds and real estate and all other assets
a. cash
11. Dollar bills, rare paintings, and emerald necklaces are all
a. media of exchange.
b. units of account.
c. stores of value.
d. All of the above are correct
c. stores of value.
16. Most financial assets other than money function as
a. a medium of exchange, a unit of account, and a store of value.
b. a medium of exchange and a store of value, but not a unit of account.
c. a store of value and a unit of account, but not a medium of exchange.
d. a store of value, but not a unit of account nor a medium of exchange
d. a store of value, but not a unit of account nor a medium of exchange
23. Money is
a. the most liquid asset and a perfect store of value.
b. the most liquid asset but an imperfect store of value.
c. not the most liquid asset but a perfect store of value.
d. neither the most liquid asset and nor a perfect store of value.
b. the most liquid asset but an imperfect store of value.
25. Treasury Bonds are
a. liquid, but not a store of value.
b. a store of value, but not liquid.
c. both liquid and a store of value.
d. neither liquid nor a store of value.
c. both liquid and a store of value.
34. Commodity money is
a. backed by gold.
b. the principal type of money in use today.
c. money with intrinsic value.
d. receipts created in international trade that are used as a medium of exchange.
b. the principal type of money in use today.
46. The primary difference between commodity money and fiat money is that
a. commodity money is a medium of exchange but fiat money is not.
b. fiat money is a medium of exchange but commodity money is not.
c. commodity money has intrinsic value but fiat money does not.
d. fiat money has intrinsic value but commodity money does not.
c. commodity money has intrinsic value but fiat money does not.
55. The set of items that serve as media of exchange clearly includes
a. demand deposits.
b. short-term bonds.
c. credit cards.
d. All of the above are correct.
a. demand deposits.
56. Demand deposits are a type of
a. checking account.
b. time deposit.
c. money market mutual fund.
d. savings deposit.
a. checking account.
57. People can write checks against
a. demand deposits and money market mutual funds
b. demand deposits but not money market mutual funds
c. money market mutual funds but not demand deposits
d. neither demand deposits nor money market mutual funds
a. demand deposits and money market mutual funds
58. Which list ranks assets from most to least liquid?
a. currency, demand deposits, money market mutual funds
b. currency, money market mutual funds, demand deposits
c. money market mutual funds, demand deposits, currency
d. demand deposits, money market mutual funds, currency
a. currency, demand deposits, money market mutual funds
59. The measure of the money stock called M1 includes
a. wealth held by people in their checking accounts.
b. wealth held by people in their savings accounts.
c. wealth held by people in money market mutual funds.
d. everything that is included in M2 plus some additional items.
a. wealth held by people in their checking accounts.
61. M1 includes
a. currency.
b. demand deposits.
c. traveler’s checks.
d. All of the above are correct.
All of the above are correct.
67. Which of the following items is not included in the most narrow definition of money, M1?
a. currency
b. savings deposits
c. traveler’s checks
d. demand deposits
b. savings deposits
68. Which of the following items is included in M2?
a. credit cards
b. money market mutual funds
c. corporate bonds
d. large time deposits
b. money market mutual funds
71. Which of the following is not included in either M1 or M2?
a. U.S. Treasury bills
b. small time deposits
c. demand deposits
d. money market mutual funds
a. U.S. Treasury bills
76. Which of the following is included in M2 but not in M1?
a. currency
b. demand deposits
c. savings deposits
d. All of the above are included in both M1 and M2.
c. savings deposits
88. Credit cards are
a. a medium of exchange.
b. counted as part of M2 but not as part of M1.
c. important for analyzing the monetary system.
d. All of the above are correct.
c. important for analyzing the monetary system.
98. One surprising thing about the U.S. money stock is that
a. banks hold so much currency relative to the public.
b. the public holds so much currency relative to banks.
c. there is so little currency per person.
d. there is so much currency per person.
d. there is so much currency per person.
6. A central bank’s setting (or altering) of the money supply is known as
a. open-market operation.
b. interest rate policy.
c. monetary policy.
d. employment policy.
monetary policy.
13. The Board of Governors
a. is chaired by the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
b. members are elected by the U.S. public.
c. has 7 members.
d. All of the above are correct.
c. has 7 members.
17. The president of each regional Federal Reserve Bank is appointed by
a. the U.S. president with the approval of the Senate.
b. the Board of Governors.
c. the voting members of the Federal Open Market Committee.
d. the board of directors of that regional Federal Reserve Bank.
d. the board of directors of that regional Federal Reserve Bank.
18. Which of the following is correct?
a. The Federal Reserve has 14 regional banks. The Board of Governors has 12 members who serve 7-year terms.
b. The Federal Reserve has 14 regional banks. The Board of Governors has 7 members who serve 14-year terms.
c. The Federal Reserve has 12 regional banks. The Board of Governors has 12 members who serve 7-year terms.
d. The Federal Reserve has 12 regional banks. The Board of Governors has 7 members who serve 14-year terms.
d. The Federal Reserve has 12 regional banks. The Board of Governors has 7 members who serve 14-year terms.
26. The Federal Open Market Committee meets approximately
a. every three weeks
b. every six weeks
c. every 3 months
d. every 6 months.
b. every six weeks
40. The Fed has the power to increase or decrease the number of dollars in the economy through the decisions of
a. the Board of Governors.
b. the FOMC.
c. the regional Federal Reserve Bank presidents.
d. the U.S. Treasury.
b. the FOMC.
44. An open-market sale
a. increases the number of dollars and the number of bonds in the hands of the public.
b. increases the number of dollars in the hands of the public and decreases the number of bonds in the hands of the public.
c. decreases the number of dollars and the number of bonds in the hands of the public.
d. decreases the number of dollars in the hands of the public and increases the number of bonds in the hands of the public.
d. decreases the number of dollars in the hands of the public and increases the number of bonds in the hands of the public.
45. If the Federal Open Market Committee decides to increase the money supply, then the Federal Reserve
a. creates dollars and uses them to purchase government bonds from the public.
b. sells government bonds from its portfolio to the public.
c. creates dollars and uses them to purchase various types of stocks and bonds from the public.
d. sells various types of stocks and bonds from its portfolio to the public.
a. creates dollars and uses them to purchase government bonds from the public.
49. Monetary policy affects employment
a. only in the long run.
b. only in the short run.
c. in both the long run and the short run.
d. in neither the long run nor the short run.
b. only in the short run.
4. In a 100-percent-reserve banking system, if people decided to decrease the amount of currency they held by increasing the amount they held in checkable deposits, then
a. M1 would increase.
b. M1 would decrease.
c. M1 would not change.
d. M1 might rise or fall.
c. M1 would not change.
5. A bank which must hold 100 percent reserves opens in an economy that had no banks and a currency of $150. If customers deposit $50 into the bank, what is the value of the money supply?
a. $50
b. $100
c. $150
d. $200
c. $150
14. If a bank that desires to hold no excess reserves and has just enough reserves to meet the required reserve ratio of 15 percent receives a deposit of $600, it has a
a. $600 increase in excess reserves and no increase in required reserves.
b. $600 increase in required reserves and no increase in excess reserves.
c. $510 increase in excess reserves and a $90 increase in required reserves.
d. $90 increase in excess reserves and a $510 increase in required reserves.
c. $510 increase in excess reserves and a $90 increase in required reserves.
15. On a bank’s Taccount, which are part of the bank’s assets?
a. both deposits made by its customers and reserves
b. deposits made by its customers but not reserves
c. reserves but not deposits made by its customers
d. neither deposits made by its customers nor reserves
c. reserves but not deposits made by its customers
16. On a bank’s T-account, which are part of the banks liabilities?
a. both deposits made by its customers and reserves
b. deposits made by its customers but not reserves
c. reserves but not deposits made by its customers
d. neither deposits made by its customers nor reserves
b. deposits made by its customers but not reserves
17. Which of the following is an asset of a bank and a liability for its customers?
a. deposits of its customers and loans to its customers
b. deposits of its customers but not loans to its customers
c. loans to its customers but not the deposits of its customers
d. neither the deposits of its customers nor the loans to its customers
c. loans to its customers but not the deposits of its customers
20. A bank loans Kellie’s Print Shop $350,000 to remodel a building near campus to use as a new store. On their respective balance sheets, this loan is
a. an asset for the bank and a liability for Kellie’s Print Shop. The loan increases the money supply.
b. an asset for the bank and a liability for Kellie’s Print Shop. The loan does not increase the money supply.
c. a liability for the bank and an asset for Kellie’s Print Shop. The loan increases the money supply.
d. a liability for the bank and an asset for Kellie’s Print Shop. The loan does not increase the money supply.
a. an asset for the bank and a liability for Kellie’s Print Shop. The loan increases the money supply.
39. When a bank loans out $1,000, the money supply
a. does not change.
b. decreases.
c. increases.
d. may do any of the above.
c. increases.
40. If a bank uses $200 of excess reserves to make a new loan when the reserve ratio is 15 percent, this action by itself initially makes the money supply
a. and wealth increase by $200.
b. and wealth decrease by $200.
c. increase by $200 while wealth does not change.
d. decrease by $200 while wealth decreases by $200.
c. increase by $200 while wealth does not change.
42. If R represents the reserve ratio for all banks in the economy, then the money multiplier is
a. 1/(1-R).
b. 1/R.
c. 1/(1+R).
d. (1+R)/R.
b. 1/R.
58. If the reserve ratio is 5 percent, then $500 of additional reserves can create up to
a. $10,500 of new money.
b. $10,000 of new money.
c. $9,500 of new money.
d. $2,500 of new money.
b. $10,000 of new money.
70. If $300 of new reserves generates $800 of new money in the economy, then the reserve ratio is
a. 2.7 percent.
b. 12.5 percent.
c. 37.5 percent.
d. 40 percent.
c. 37.5 percent.
1. Which of the following can the Fed do to change the money supply?
a. change reserves or change the reserve ratio
b. change reserves but not change the reserve ratio
c. change the reserve ratio but not change the reserve ratio
d. neither change reserves nor change the reserve ratio
a. change reserves or change the reserve ratio
7. Which of the following increase when the Fed makes open market purchases?
a. currency and reserves
b. currency but not reserves
c. reserves but not currency
d. neither currency nor reserves
a. currency and reserves
9. When the Fed makes open-market purchases bank
a. withdrawals and lending increase.
b. withdrawals increase and lending decreases.
c. deposits and lending increase.
d. deposits increase and lending decreases.
c. deposits and lending increase.
15. When the Fed purchases $1000 worth of government bonds from the public, the U.S. money supply eventually increases by
a. more than $1000.
b. exactly $1000.
c. less than $1000.
d. None of the above are correct.
a. more than $1000.
18. The discount rate is the interest rate that
a. banks charge one another for loans.
b. banks charge the Fed for loans.
c. the Fed charges banks for loans.
d. the Fed charges Congress for loans.
c. the Fed charges banks for loans.
27. The Fed can increase the money supply by conducting open-market
a. sales or by raising the discount rate.
b. sales or by lowering the discount rate.
c. purchases or by raising the discount rate.
d. purchases or by lowering the discount rate.
d. purchases or by lowering the discount rate.
40. If the Federal Reserve increases the interest rate on bank deposits at the Fed, banks will want to hold
a. fewer reserves, so the reserve ratio will fall.
b. fewer reserves, so the reserve ratio will rise.
c. more reserves, so the reserve ratio will fall.
d. more reserves, so the reserve ratio will rise.
d. more reserves, so the reserve ratio will rise.
45. Other things the same, if reserve requirements are increased, the reserve ratio
a. increases, the money multiplier increases, and the money supply increases.
b. increases, the money multiplier decreases, and the money supply decreases.
c. decreases, the money multiplier increases, and the money supply increases.
d. decreases, the money multiplier decreases, and the money supply increases.
b. increases, the money multiplier decreases, and the money supply decreases.
56. The money supply increases when the Fed
a. buys bonds. The increase will be larger, the smaller is the reserve ratio.
b. buys bonds. The increase will be larger, the larger is the reserve ratio.
c. sells bonds. The increase will be larger, the smaller is the reserve ratio.
d. sells bonds. The increase will be larger, the larger is the reserve ratio.
a. buys bonds. The increase will be larger, the smaller is the reserve ratio.
69. If the public decides to hold more currency and fewer deposits in banks, bank reserves
a. decrease and the money supply eventually decreases.
b. decrease but the money supply does not change.
c. increase and the money supply eventually increases.
d. increase but the money supply does not change.
a. decrease and the money supply eventually decreases.
76. During recessions, banks typically choose to hold more excess reserves relative to their deposits. This action
a. increases the money multiplier and increases the money supply.
b. decreases the money multiplier and decreases the money supply.
c. does not change the money multiplier, but increases the money supply.
d. does not change the money multiplier, but decreases the money supply.
b. decreases the money multiplier and decreases the money supply.
x

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