Major Policies initiated by Dato’ Sri Najib Tun Razak Although there are problems in unite and integrating all ethnics in one roof, but our prime ministers from the era of Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj to the current era of Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak were tried their best to overcome Malaysian’s problems. Several policies were initiated by the leaders with government. The government was took its full efforts to work on the problems but however sometime the efforts couldn’t be fulfilled completely.

Today, on the era of Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak, some major policies was initiated by him. One of them is New Economic Model (NEM) which was unveiled on 30th March 2010. The aim of this policy is to change the ethnically based economy to all needed based economy where any ethnic can involve in a particular economy business which brings more competitive among them, more market and more investor. The main goal for this policy is to transform the Malaysian economy to become one with high income and quality growth.

It also to simulate the productivity of workers across the all sectors of society. NEM seeks empower of private sectors and want to reduce the comparison between the wealthier and poorer Malaysian. NEM was initiated for replacing New Economy Plan (NEP). This NEM programme was supported and criticised by government parties, NGO and other sources too. The main policy that Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak brought right after he become Malaysia’s sixth prime minister was initiating One Malaysia concept with “People First, Performance Now”.

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One Malaysia concept stresses more in national unity and ethnic tolerance where eight values were included, that is perseverance, a culture of excellence, acceptance, loyalty, education, humility, integrity and meritocracy. The important aspect in One Malaysia is to improve the quality of government services towards peoples. Therefore, the KPI was improved to give a motivation to workers as well as to ministers to improve the quality of the government bureaucracy. To implement the KPI, a new cabinet was formed by Najib for the support on Unity and Performance Ministry.

To promote One Malaysia concept, national campaign was held through radio and televisions. Government had used local artists from different ethnic in promoting national unity. One Malaysia clinics were introduced where treatment for basic illness will be held in One Malaysia clinic with low fee of RM 1 for citizens and RM15 for non-citizens. Other than that, One Malaysia email was introduced too to create a social network between government and peoples where free email account will be given to people to share and interact to government.

One Malaysia groceries also were introduced which named as Kedai Rakyat 1 Malaysia (KR1M) where these groceries are selling all the products in low price because government wants reduce the people’s burden on high pricing rate in the country. Non-government organization (NGO) also promoted the One Malaysia concept by having One Malaysia Fund which it coordinate the government and private sector activities related to One Malaysia. One Malaysia Youth Fund was launched to give financial support for young people to develop creative projects in nurturing the national unity.

The National Key Results Areas (NKRAs) is under Government Transformation Programmes (GTP) which is an effort of the government to concern about peoples by aiming the seven key areas. The NKRAs is a responsibility for each relevant ministry where Performance Delivery and the Management Unit (PEMANDU) monitor the achievement of the ministries. NKRAs represent the public urgent needs which have to be aware by the government. NKRAs is collectively owned by cabinet where the movement of NKRAs monitored by Prime Minister.

As each NKRA headed by each Ministry, the ministers are headed by the Ministerial Key Results Area (MKRA) which has its measurement in reaching the target outcomes. Focus on the NKRAs seven key areas, The Reducing Crime is a first key area where its look on the reformation of country’s criminal justice system to control the numbers of crime. After the implementations of this reformation, the numbers of crime has been successfully reduced. A second key area of NKRA is Fighting Corruption. As we know, it was a long fought battle on the corruption in Malaysia.

Therefore, the key result aimed to improve the internal perception of corruption. All corporate bodies are encouraged to sign a pledge to reduce the corruption in their business activities which known as The Corporate Integrity Pledge. Third key area is Improving Students Outcomes where it aimed to create a holistic growth in education sectors focusing fundamental issues. It also aimed to emphasise the fact that good leaders only can produce a good results for a whole school. Other than that, under this third key area, government wants to guide the underperforming schools to achieve the High Performing School status.

Fourth key area is Raising Living Standards of Low-Income Households where it’s aimed to empower low income householders to improve their life and creates more opportunities to have more incomes. Other than that, this key area aimed to create job opportunities and business opportunities for those really need it. Fifth key area is Improving Rural Basic Infrastructure where it’s aimed to provide all basic human rights equally. This fifth key area also is ensure access to clean or treated water where rural house residence will get the access to clean or treated water efficiently with cooperation of some agencies.

Sixth key area is Improving Urban Public Transport where it’s aimed to improve the connectivity and availability of public transport to all area. The GTP wants to create an overall credibility of the public transportation. The seventh key area is Addressing Cost of Living where to reduce the rising of daily cost of living in order to make the people to have a better money flow in their daily expenses. References: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/New_Economic_Model http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/One_Malaysia http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Government_Transformation_Programme_(Malaysia) http://1malaysia. com. my/

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