Man’s Greatest Invention Man’s greatest inventions will be the topic of this journal. Although, inventions may or may not come in a man-made object but it does come from the work of man’s intelligence and determination to survive in this world as described in Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs”. This paper will express the source and significance of the Fertile Crescent to man’s greatest intellectual inventions, and explain why certain countries prosper and other countries were unable to develop during this era.

In today’s society, the year 2009, it is evident that crops, animals, human ideas and concepts, and inventions from the Fertile Crescent have proliferated throughout the world. In the beginning, 13,000 years ago, the origin of the fertile crescent in the Middle East, not only provided significant advantages it played a major role in man’s quest to grow and survive. In fact, the Fertile Crescent geographical location contributed to a climate suitable for farming, producing land to be rich in food resources such as, the nutritious wheat and barley, cow, pig, sheep, and goat needed from nomads to live.

During this era approximately 9,000 years ago, on the ancient country of Mesopotamia now called Iraq, lived the Sumerian that unfolded the inventions of human ingenuity. The Sumerian were highly intelligent, resourcefulness, and energetic people that established the first civilization, created the first human social organization, developed farming techniques, raise livestock, invented writing (alphabets) and the cuneiform language, principles of mathematics, manufactured hand tools and weaponry, pottery, and the wheel.

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Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs” is very relevant during this era. In order for a Sumerian to adapt to its needs, a Sumerian must fulfill five steps in its proper order for survival listed as follows: •The first step is the Physiology Needs, the need for food, water, shelter, and air. oThe Sumerian proved the physiology need in two ways by the rise of its first civilization and by mastering farming and animal domestication. •The second step is the Safety Needs, the need for stability and protection. The Sumerian did a lot of trading for metals they learn how to create weapons for hunting, and to defend its stance in battle. •The third step is the Love and Belongingness Needs, the need for friends, a sweetheart, children, relationships, and sense of community. oAccording to Maslow, each individual have these needs genetically called instincts; therefore, as a civilization, the Sumerian have families, friends, and made relationships with another Sumerian based on their well-being. The fourth step is eh Esteem Needs, the need for respect, status, attention, appreciation, confidence, achievement, mastery, independence, and freedom just to name a few. oThe Sumerian had enough food resources to feed its people that contributed to the population growth supporting other Sumerians to be skilled in priesthood, pottery making, weaving, carpentry, and smithing. •The fifth step is Self-Actualization, the continuous desire to fulfill potentials, to “be all that you can be. Before reaching self-actualization, it is essential to sustain all four needs completely in its highest levels. oIt will be difficult to say if a Sumerian has reached the fifth step. From 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, the spread of inventions from the Fertile Crescent region began a transformation process with human societies throughout Europe, North and West Africa, and East India influencing each country in different ways.

One of the most important inventions that contributed substantial growth in these countries is agriculture. Agriculture created more food, which increase human population, creating well-organized workforce, and the progression in all technology imaginable. Furthermore, the spread of agriculture created the emerging of a new evolution, the Egyptians build the Great Pyramids and the Europeans rise of artist, inventors, critical thinkers, and soldiers.

Unfortunately, other countries such as the New World called America, Australia, and parts of Africa did not part take in this growth due to the countries geographical location that is where these countries lies in latitudes. What this means is plants and animals continually produce on the Fertile Crescent’s latitudes, which is 30 degrees north of the equator so that countries going east and west at the same latitude have similar length of day, climate, and weather.

Therefore, plants and animals will more likely survive well east of west with other countries as long it is not going north or south from the specified position. Although, the New World called America did not acquire this invention, the Europeans in the 16th Century introduce the same crops and animals form the Fertile Crescent to America that has made modern America one of the richest countries today. Maslow’s physiology and safety needs are remarkable significant during the spread of the Fertile Crescent to other countries.

Lastly, based on internet research, journal writing, class lectures, and the DVD video by Jared Diamond, “Guns, Germs, and Steel,” my findings concludes that man’s greatest invention originated from the Fertile Crescent and gradually transform into Eurasia. The impact these inventions have on humanity cause the Europeans to go beyond their resources to travel and conquer other parts of the world to gain precious metals and land ownership. The Europeans powerful advantage was the written word, knowledge, books, horses, guns, steel (swords), and germs (disease).

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