Marijuana History Essay, Research Paper

Marijuana originated in the in-between E ( Taiwan, Korea ) . China plays an

of import portion in Marijuana & # 8217 ; s history. Hoatho, the first Chinese doctor to

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usage Cannabis for medical intents as a analgesic and anaesthetic for surgery. In

the Ninth Century B.C. , it was used as an incense by the Assyrians Herbal, a

Chinese book of medical specialty from the 2nd Century B.C. , was foremost to depict it

in print. It was used as an anaesthetic 5,000 old ages ago in ancient China. Many

( * ) antediluvian civilizations such as the Iranis, Greeks, East Indians, Romans, and the

Assyrians for many things. These were what they used it for: the control of

musculus cramps, decrease of hurting, and for indegestion. Imagine that if they

still practiced this, alternatively of taking an Alka Seltzer after you had mom & # 8217 ; s

Chili or Tacos, you might be sitting in the life room on the LAY-Z Boy,

smoking a joint or nevertheless they would take it. The folk medical specialty of Africa and

Asia have used it as an herbal readying. A “ fabulous ” and

“ legendary ” druggist and emperor Shen Nung thought utilizing it as a

seditive was all right. In 2,700 B.C. that same “ fabulous ” emperor

said it helped female failing, urarthritis, rheumatism, malaria, beri-beri ( ? ) ,

contipation, and absentmindedness. In 1979 ( A.D. ) Carlton E. Turner visited

China and found marihuanas was non in usage in formal medical topographic points. J. D. P.

Graham of the Welsh National School of Medicine wrote, “ One non necessitate take

to earnestly the anecdotal usage of it & # 8217 ; s utilize for many intents in China or by the

Hindus in the pre-Christian Millennia & # 8230 ; and by the Arabs! ” In 1890 in

England & # 8217 ; s “ Lancet ” said cannabis infusion was good for neuralgy, tantrums,

megrim and psychosomatic upsets but non for arthritic conditions. It is non

easy to state the dose because of the fluctuations in authority and the

abnormality in absorbtion. The clip hold before the oncoming of the possible

effects of marihuana lowered it & # 8217 ; s popularity as a medical specialty as did the

debut of a assortment of new and better medical specialties like acetylsalicylic acid, morpheine

( wont organizing ) , chloral, barbituates tranquillizers, and when it got on the list

of drugs thought by the universe community to necessitate legal limitations. Our first

President, George Washington, grew hemp on his plantation. The hemp he

grew was more hempen and is better known as hemp. Hemp was used to do rope,

string, paper and canvas ( the word “ canvas ” comes from Cannabis ) and

was an of import harvest in the American settlements. In Jamestown, Virginia it was

grown for it & # 8217 ; s fiber qualities in 1611. ( Snyder, 1985 ) The U.S. Pharmacopeia had

it listed as a utile medical specialty from the twelvemonth 1870 to 1941. A Pharmacopeia is

“ a book of waies and demands for the readyings of medical specialties,

by and large published by an authorization ; a aggregation or stock of drugs. ” This

Tells us the U.S. Pharmacopeia was an authorization on the usage of drugs for medical

intents, and said that the usage of marihuana for said intents was helpful. The

U.S. Pharmacopeia last listed hemp ( “ the dried flower tops of the

pistillate workss of hemp sativa ” ) in 1936. ( Lovinge,1985, p434 ) That

old ages prototype of the formulary and the national expression described the drug

for doctors therefore: ” a narcotic toxicant, bring forthing a mild craze. Used in

ataractic mixtures but of dubious value. Besides employed to colourise maize

redresss. ” The following formulary released in 1942 ( I gather they were

relaesed every six old ages ) did non hold hemps sativa in it. “ The 1937

U.S. dispensatory said: ” Cannabis is used in medical specialty to alleviate hurting,

encourage slumber, and to comfort restlessness. We have really small definite

cognition of the effects of curative measures, but in some individuals it

appears to bring forth a euphory and will frequently alleviate migrainic concerns. One of

the great hinderances to the wider usage of this drug is the great variableness and

the authority of different samples of Cannabis which renders it impossible to

come close the proper dosage of any single smaple except by clinical test.

Because of occasional unpleasant symptoms from remarkably powerful readyings,

doctors have by and large been overcaustious in the measures administered. The

lone manner of finding the dosage of an single readying is to give it in

go uping measures until some consequence is produced. ( The Book suggested utilizing a

fluid infusion & # 8211 ; powdered hemp in solution, 4/5 intoxicant & # 8211 ; three times a twenty-four hours,

get downing with two or three minims. ) ” ( Lovinge,1985, p434 ) Infusions,

tinctures, and herbal bundles of hemp manufactured by many drug companies,

was available in any pharmaceutics until 1941 when “ The two chief professional

directories of drugs in the United States ” dropped it. ( Snnyder 1985, p38 ) It

is still used as a medical specialty in the Middle East and Asia, and is wholly legal

in Amsterdam. Since the nineteenth Century, it has been recognized as as alcohol in

Europe, and an alcohol for many centuries in Central and South America, and

in Asia. “ An 1870 Book called “ The Hasheesh Eater ” by Fitz Hugh

Hudlow, discussed the intoxicating belongingss of

marihuana. “ ( Snyder,1985, p39 ) Mexican farm workers emigrating to the United

States smoked marihuanas on a regular basis, and the environing population & # 8230 ; ”

rapidly followed. California and Utah were the first to name it a narcotic and

& lt ;< p>outlawed it wholly except for mecial intents. “ From 1914 to 1931, 29

States, 17 of them West of the Mississippi made it a condemnable discourtesy to possess

or utilize it. “ ( Snyder,1985, p40 ) An army study from 1925 refering the Panama

Canal Zone said it wasnt wont forming and no stairss should be taken to maintain it

from being sold or used. The Uniform States Narcotic Act said all provinces should

control drug distribution. “ By 1937 marihuana usage was restricted by

jurisprudence ” ( Snyder,1985, p42 ) and the Marijuana Tax Act was signed by President

Roosevelt. This act was made to roll up more revenue enhancements and locate people selling

marihuana. You had to pay $ 1 for medical usage and $ 100 for recreational usage as

revenue enhancement. This was a big factor why physicians quit utilizing it as a medical specialty. “ The

Narcotics Drug Control Act of 1965 increased the bing punishments for selling

and distribution of marihuana and diacetylmorphine & # 8230 ; ” ( Snyder,1985, p46 ) The National

Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws ( NORML ) was founded in 1970. Just

the facts Ma & # 8217 ; am: It is illegal to have or sell marihuana. It is a misdemeanour non

a felony. Punishments vary widely in each province, for turning and selling it is

about ever a felony. It can do malignant neoplastic disease in the lungs and the pharynx IF

smoked. “ Among the grounds to surmise potentially deleterious consequence of

hemp usage on the lungs, pointed out it “ the about omnipresent

occurrennce of pharynx uncomfortableness and annoyance associated with marijuana

smoke ” ( Lovinge,1985, p15 ) but the same carinogens are present in baccy

fume. Marijuana takes off the uncomfortableness and sickness associated with

chemotherapy taken to halt the growing of malignant neoplastic disease. It besides helps people with

glaucoma and it keeps them from traveling blind. It doesn & # 8217 ; t lessen feelings and

hurting, it heightens them. Users say they hear things better, and they see inside informations

they have ne’er seen earlier. If made legal, it could be regulated by the U.S.

authorities ( Food and Drug Administration? ) as to how powerful it would be. Or

there could be a “ authorities monopoly on it commanding the cultivation,

importing, industry, sweeping distribution, and retail gross revenues. Controls

could besides be placed on the measure, authority, , sum, monetary value, clip and topographic point of

sale, and age of purchasers. This would make off with black market activity, cost of

jurisprudence enforcement and revenue enhancement gross. “ ( Snyder,1985, p89 ) It would besides maintain alot

of people out of jail/prison and salvage the authorities money. Interview with a

marihuanas user. Q: Do you believe Marijuana has had any long permanent effects on

you? A: None besides the effects regular cigarrette fume does to your lungs.

Scientific facts prove there are none except the carcinogens produced by the

fume. It doesn & # 8217 ; t do encephalon harm like your instructors tell you. Q: How do you

take it? A: Smoke it. I use pipes, bongs, & A ; documents. Q: How frequently? A: One-fourth

ounce a hebdomad, 15-18 articulations a month. Q: How much does it be? A: $ 200 an ounce,

$ 2,500 lb & # 8230 ; and thats minimal quality. Q: How can you state quality? A: Smoke it.

Q: How are “ Thai Sticks ” ? A: Better than norm. $ 65 1/4 ounce Q:

Where do you believe most marihuana is grown? A: 80 % of all ( in US ) marihuana is

grown in the US. 20 % from Mexico & A ; Jamaica In Alaska & A ; Utahyou can hold

up to an ouce lawfully. The biggest growinng provinces are the Carolinas, & A ;

Texas. It grows wild in some topographic points. And cows wont eat it. Q: Do you turn any?

A: Yes Q: How many at 1 clip ( the most ) ? A: 12 & # 8230 ; look into them one time a hebdomad. Q: Are

you in NORML? A: Yes, South Florida chapter. I & # 8217 ; m the secretary. Q: Whats the

highest monetary value you & # 8217 ; ve of all time seen? A: $ 150 1/4 ounce. Q: Is sinsimilia good? A: Yes

$ 100-125 ounce. thats normally imported. Q: can you utilize a works more than one time?

A: no. you kill the male workss every bit shortly as you find their sex, and harvest the

females. Q: What sort do you turn? A: Average weed. Q: How do you acquire the seeds

or what you need to turn them? A: They are in the material I buy. Q: Whats the best

sort? A: Depends on how it & # 8217 ; s grown. Q: Do you believe alot of people smoke weed?

A: If it was legal & A ; sold for the same monetary value as baccy ( since when does

baccy cost $ 200 an ounce? ! ? ! ) it would do 2.1 BILLION! Tobacco makes 3.1

billion, and alcohol do 1.6 billion. ( I have NO thought how much 1 ounce of

baccy costs, but it can & # 8217 ; t be more than $ 10. Marijuana sells for 20 times that

much! That would be OVER 40 BILLION! ) Q: Would it be better if legalized? A:

Yes, another nonexempt income for the authorities. Monetary values would travel down. The offense

factor would be gone. It would take the money out of the custodies of condemnable and

set it in the custodies of the authorities. It & # 8217 ; s non habit-forming, you can & # 8217 ; t o.d.

unlike intoxicant, but the fume does do malignant neoplastic disease. Q: Would less people use it if

legalized? A: no. Q: How much is caught by the authorities? A: 2 % of sum in

U.S. Basically thats the authorities admittinng that they are losing the war on

drugs. Q: How does it smell? A: Normally good, sometimes acrimonious. a sweet odor.

Q: THC makes you high right? A: yes, they have found it causes no long lasting

effects. Water Pipes/bongs take 80 % of the fume Q: Do you eat it? A: No,

eating uses up more. That manner isn & # 8217 ; t cost effectual. ( terminal of interview ) Marijuana

doesn & # 8217 ; t do encephalon harm. The fume does cause malignant neoplastic disease, but so does baccy.

The fume can be reduced by up to 80 % with particular paraphenalia. We used to hold

limited cognition on the topic, now our cognition is increasing.

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