A). protein to DNA
B). protein to RNA
C). RNA to ribosomes
D). DNA to protein
A). DNA replication
D). mRNA processing
A). transcribe DNA to mRNA
B). translate DNA to produce a specific amino acid sequence
C). transcribe the amino acid sequence to DNA
D). translate mRNA to produce a specific amino acid sequence
E). none of the above
A). translation … reverse transcription
B). reverse transcription … mRNA reprocessing
C). mRNA reprocessing … gene regulation
D). mRNA reprocessing … transcription
A). The origins of replication
B). DNA polymerases
C). Parental DNA
D). The leading strand
E). The lagging strand
A). DNA ligase helps assemble the leading strand.
B). The leading strand is built continuously, and the lagging strand is built in pieces.
C). The leading strand is one of the strands of parental DNA.
D). The lagging strand is built continuously.
E). The lagging strand is one of the strands of parental DNA.
B). the leading strand.
C). DNA polymerase.
D). the replication fork.
E). DNA ligase.
A). Because the two strands of parental DNA run in opposite directions, the new strands must be made in different ways.
B). The lagging strand is made of a series of pieces that must be joined together to make a continuous strand.
C). DNA polymerase builds a new strand by adding DNA nucleotides one at a time.
D). DNA ligase adds nucleotides to the lagging strand.
E). The two strands of parental DNA are separated during DNA replication.
A). The message in mRNA is translated into a protein.
B). A cap is added to the RNA molecule.
C). mRNA binds to a ribosome in the cytoplasm.
D). A molecule of RNA is formed based on the sequence of nucleotides in DNA.
E). Those segments of the RNA strand that do not actually code for the protein are removed.
A). mRNA moves from the nucleus to the cytoplasm following RNA processing.
B). mRNA binds directly to amino acids during translation.
C). mRNA is transcribed from DNA in the cytoplasm.
D). mRNA includes a cap that consists of extra adenine nucleotides.
E). Segments of mRNA that code for protein are removed before translation.
A). ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm.
B). ribosomes in the cell nucleus.
C). the Golgi apparatus.
D). the plasma membrane.
E). the cell nucleus.
D). Amino acids
A). Adenine nucleotides are added to the end of the RNA strand, forming a tail.
B). mRNA attaches to the small subunit of a ribosome.
C). A modified guanine nucleotide is added to the beginning of the RNA strand as a cap.
D). Segments of the RNA strand that do not actually code for the protein are removed.
E). Segments of RNA that do code for the protein are reconnected.
A). Both are composed of nucleotides.
B). They are composed of the same nucleotides.
C). Both contain deoxyribose.
D). Their function is the storage of genetic information.
E). They are composed of the same number of nucleic acid strands.
C). peptide bonds
D). amino acids
E). adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
A). DNA can serve as a template for the synthesis of other polymers
B). the helical shape of DNA is conserved
C). the progeny of each cellular replication gets the same genetic information
D). each daughter cell gets the same number of nucleotides
E). energy is conserved
A). made of protein
B). the same thing as a chromosome
C). made of RNA
D). made by a ribosome
E). the information for making a polypeptide
A). the order of the nucleotides in the molecule
B). the RNA units that make up the molecule
C). the sugars and phosphates forming its backbone
D). the total number of nucleotides it contains
E). its amino acid sequence
A). the genetic code is composed of groups of two nucleotides
B). the genetic code has nothing to do with nucleotides in DNA but rather those in RNA
C). the three nucleotide combinations have nothing to do with the genetic code
D). the genetic code is composed of groups of four nucleotides
E). the genetic code is composed of groups of three nucleotides
A). promoters … terminators
B). introns … exons
C). codons … anticodons
D). exons … introns
E). caps … tails
A). translation and transcription
B). DNA replication
D). DNA replication and translation
A). from RNA to DNA to protein
B). from DNA to RNA to protein
C). from DNA to protein to RNA
D). from RNA to protein to DNA
E). from protein to RNA to DNA