Marginalia Groups Essay The two texts that have studied, one been an autobiographical narrative and the other been fiction, have challenged the dominant ideology about marginal’s groups at the time they were published. Both texts explore racism against African Americans and Indigenous Australians. I will compare and contrast a fiction and a non-fiction text that I studied. He first being the short story “Indian Camp” written by Ernest Hemingway in 1 923 in which the reader is told how the white people abused the Native Indians with no remorse shown and viewed them as less than, in society. Indians Camp” is about a doctor and his son that has to go and see an extremely pregnant lady who has been In labor for four days. He decided that he has to operate on her and all he has in a pocket knife, fishing line and a needle.

Kevin Gilbert’s autobiographical narrative written in 1978 tells us in this short piece of writing about the hardships he went through and how he managed to overcome complications even when society was against him, he starts of from a young age telling the reader key events in his life, being his parents death, the struggle for food ND money and how he develops into a man that ends up on the wrong side of the law and lands himself In Jail. I will be showing how the techniques such as point of view and characterization have positioned us to see the minority group exploited throughout these two pieces of writing.

They show us how minority groups were demoralized during this time period and the techniques used made the stories effective In helping us to gain a better understanding about how unfairly these marginal’s groups were treated back in the early and middle to late offs, these Reginald groups roles where very deferent in society to what they are now, racism is now seen as intolerable in society compared to back in the sass’s when it was social suitable, this shows us a major difference In society and Its morals.

Point of view is a particular attitude or way of considering a matter. The technique point of view has really had an effect on the reader by making the stories more believable about racism. The point of view in Gilbert’s story is in first person which creates intimacy and credibility, which is obvious because it is an autobiographical short reiterative. Gilbert opens his story with “A lot of people are going to disclaim what I save: this automatically positions us that he believes he could be viewed different from the majority of society, making him a minority In society.

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This example shows us right from the opening line how point of view can affect the readers positioning, because when we Interpret what the opening line It has straight away positioned us to feel somewhat sorry for Gilbert. When we continue Into the story Gilbert says “When we occasionally attend the local picture shows the area we had to sit was popped off from the white area”. We can really grasp a better sense of the racism and discrimination In this line, because how he words this sentence.

If he had said that the white people where roped off from us, then It would of made the Aboriginals the more superior race, but because he words it that we were roped off from the white area gives the white people a sense of power and superior, generally speaking when ‘Off “Indian camp” is through the eyes of the doctor’s son, the effect of having the point of view from a child perspective is that of innocence’s, the reason for innocence cause children have normally no bias in their ideas or opinions and are unaffected by key elements such as racism and that been skin tone or religion.

The proof for this statement lies within the text, when Nick says “Oh Daddy, can’t you give her something to make her stop screaming”, this shows that Nick as a child believes that the African American lady has the same rights as any other human around the world. But when Nicks father the “Doctor” replies “but her screams are not important I don’t hear them because they aren’t important. This undoubtedly shows the viewer that the “Doctor” doesn’t view the lady as equal to himself. The doctor is a representation of white society, also a representation of the superior over an inferior group.

These two texts suggest how racism is universal and cements our ideology about marginal’s groups at the time they were published. Characterization is the description of the character and their main traits, the traits of different characters in these two texts one been a non-fictional character and the other a fictional character. These two different perspectives have had a major influence on how the viewer interprets the texts and feelings for the characters and there issues. The main character in “Indian Camp” the “Doctor” who could be seen as a representation of the white society in the time period.

The lady in this text clearly represents the Indian people, from this we can really see that racism towards the Native Indians and how white society treated them as less of a human beings then the thought they were. This helps to get a better understanding of how the Native Indians were abused and oppressed. A key line that shows us this is when the lady bites him and he replies “Dam squaw pitch”, this shows us two different things, one that he used this very offensive derogatory word towards her (Squaw), secondly he calls her a pitch, which is showing us he has some sort of sexist trait towards this lady too.

Gilbert’s characterization gives us a better understanding of some of the scenarios that Gilbert is faced with. Gilbert throughout his story has been always seen as innocent and how the law is against him “Five defense witnesses weren’t called”. The horse-trading of Gilbert helps make it much more bluntly obvious that there is a strong degree of racism in this text, “We used to fight like hell and it was nothing to see fourteen or fifteen white kids stoning us and shouting names a us”, we see in the next fragment of this sentence that the characteristics of Gilbert really aids us to understand the true extent of the racism. When we caught the little bastards on the way home we sat them down on top of Bathurst burr bushes by way of apology’ This very evidently shows us that they Just wanted an apology and move on but the tubbier white kids had to be persuaded because of their white ego, this truly challenges the way that people thought of Indigenous Australians at this point in time. Characterization helps us to see more how the people are feeling about what is happening to them and how it affects them.

In these two pieces on writing, we have seen how groups in society have been made marginal’s by the majority, techniques that the author and writer have used, gave us a lot improved understanding of how these groups were been affected and made inferior by the white society in these times. The techniques used like point of view has had a very it been an autobiographical text and written in first person. Indian camp” viewed from the eyes of a child brings a major sense of unbiased and compassionate view toward the story which makes the suppression of the native Indians so much clearer. These two texts were written in the early to middle sass’s and they must be kept in this context. These texts raised the question what changed in white society for these minority groups to be accepted.


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