Moreover, three court cases
associated with the previously mentioned laws that greatly affected the Jim
Crow system are Loving v. Virginia (LV), Plessy v. Ferguson (PF), and Brown v.
Board of Education (BB). In LV, the Lovings, a black and white married couple, were
arrested and exiled from Virginia for breaking the state’s anti-miscegenation
law. However, the U.S. Supreme Court viewed this as a violation to the 14th
Amendment – right to equal protection – stating that people, regardless of
color, should have the freedom to marry whoever they choose. With this, the
anti-miscegenation law was struck down throughout the country. Next, PF is a
case regarding train segregation. Plessy is white and one-eight black, but
under Louisiana law, he is black. He sat in a whites-only train car, refused to
move, and was promptly arrested. Plessy argued that this was a violation to the
14th amendment, but Attorney General Cunningham argued back that
blacks are not treated as inferiors because the law provided “separate but
equal” accommodations. As a result, the Court ruled in favor of Cunningham. However, it was not until BB that the Court
abolished the “separate but equal” doctrine. Brown is a black man who tried to
admit his kids to the closest school from their home, which was a whites-only
school, but was denied admission. Drs. Hugh Speer and Horace English testified
that segregation is inherently unequal because it sends a message to colored
children that they are inferior to white children, and that it is prejudicial
to their learning. The Court then ruled that segregation is a violation to the
14th Amendment, and stated that “all American schools must
desegregate in deliberate speed.” Although the process was long and difficult,
desegregation was a fact, and BB made it possible. These three major court
cases strongly influence society today because they serve as the beacon to end
segregation and discrimination.


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