One of the greatest of all jazz improvisers and towering figure among bebop musicians was the saxophonist
Charlie Parker
The Jazz style called swing flourished in America from
1935-1945.
The most important elements in Anton Webern’s are texture, tone color, and
dynamics
Charles Ive’s father was a(n)
bandmaster
Early rock grew mainly out of _____, a dance of African Americans that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles.
rhythm and blues
Songs in musical comedies are usually in _____form.
32-bar AABA
A variety show with songs, comedy, juggling, arcobats, and animal acts, but no plot, is called
Vaudeville
The “king of swing” is generally acknowledged to have been
Benny Goodman
The composer, conductor, and pianist who began his spectacular career as substitute conductor of the New York Philharmonic on only a few hour’s notice was
Leonard Bernstein.
One of the leading figures in the history of jazz, and the composer of such compositions as Black, Brown, and Beige, Sophisticated Lady, and Harlem Air Shaft, is
Duke Ellington
Ostinato refers to a
motive of phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section
Charles Ive’s contains elements of
hymns, ragtime, village bands, barn songs, patriotic songs, and church choirs
The typical swing band had about fifteen musicians, grouped into three sections:
Saxophones, brasses, and rhythm.
The introductory section of a musical comedy song is called the
Verse
Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet
Paul Verlaine
The ordering of the twelve chromatic tones in a twelve-tone composition is called a
Series, tone row, and set.
The poetic and musical form of blues was popularized around 1910 through the publication of Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues composed by
William C. Handy.
The rhythm section of a jazz ensemble usually does not include the
vibraphone
The most famous blues singer of the 1920’s, known as the “empress of the blues” was
Bessie Smith
The rhythm section of a swing band normally consisted of
piano, percussion, guitar, and bass
In contrast to opera, the American musical tends to
contain more spoken dialogue, use simpler melodies and harmonies, use simpler forms
Around 1940, John Cage invented the prepared piano, a(n)
grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as a bolts, screws, rubber bands, pieces of felt, paper, and plastic inserted between the strings of some of the keys
A scale made of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is a ____ scale.
WHOLE-TONE
John Cage’s best-known work for prepared piano, and one of his most widely performed works, is
Sonatas and Interludes
Rock has been defined as
vocal music with a hard driving beat often featuring electric guitar accompaniment and heavily amplified sound
A method of singing used by males to reach notes higher than their normal range is called
Falsetto
Bebop differed from earlier jazz forms in that it
Was meant for attentive listening, not dancing.
The major center of jazz from about 1900 to 1917 was
New Orleans
The harmonic progressions of rock are usually
Quite simple.
Short repeated melodic phrases frequently used during the swing era are called
Riffs.
The dominant dance of the 1970’s was
Disco
New Orleans style Dixieland flourished in the United States
from 1900 to 1917
Applachian Spring originated as a
ballet score
The “king of ragtime” is acknowledged to be
Scott Joplin
Bebop, as a musical style, developed in the
Early 1940s.
Serialism is a compositional technique in which
a series of rhythms, dynamics, or tone colors serve as a unifying idea
Vaudeville is
a variety show with songs, comedy, juggling, acrobatics, and animal acts without a plot
During most of his lifetime, Ive’s musical compositions
accumulated in the barn of his Connecticut farm
American jazz, with its syncopated rhythms and improvisational quality, had an influence on
Igor Stravinsky, Cluade Debussy, Aaron Copland, and George Gershwin
Duke Ellington was an important figure in
Swing.
Skravinsky’s life took a sudden turn in 1909, when he met the director of the Russian Ballet,
Sergei Diaghilev
Impressionism as a movement originated in
France
A piano is often used in twentieth- century orchestral music to
add a percussive edge
Bela Bartok’s principal performing medium was
The piano.
Ragtime is
a style of composed piano music, performed at a moderate march tempo, generally in duple meter (all of the above)
Rock is based on a powerful beat in quadruple meter with strong accents on _____ of each bar.
second and fourth beats
A typical rock group consists of
Two electric guitars, electric bass, percussion and electric keyboard
Generally, music comedy is in ___ act(s).
two
The glissando, a technique widely used in the twentieth century, is
A rapid slide up or down a scale.
Aaron Copeland was born in
Brooklyn, New York
Schoenberg’s personality inspired and loyalty among his students, including Alban Berg and
Anton Weburn
William Grant Still’s opera dealing with the Haitian slave rebellion is
Troubled Island
Expressionist music stresses
fragmentation, harsh dissonance, and unusual instrumental effects
The best-known American ensemble created in the 1930s by a radio network to broadcast live music was the
NBC Symphony Orchestra
The typical form of a swing composition is
32-bar AABA
Ragtime flourished in the United States
from the 1890s to about 1915
Neoclassical compositions are characterized by
forms and stylistic features of earlier periods
Igor Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring is scored for
an enormous orchestra
Blues music is usually written in ____ time.
4/4
Rhapsody in Blue opens with
a solo clarinet
Minimalist music is characterized by
a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns
A dramatic turning point in Debussy’s career came in 1902 when
his opera Pelleas et Melisande was premiered
A type of basic rock popular in the 1980s characterized by sexually explicit lyrics, bizarre costumes, and tremendous volume, is known as
heavy metal
Scat singing, which Louis Armstrong introduced into jazz, is
vocalization of a melodic line with nonsense syllables
The main section of musical comedy song is called the
chorus
Bartok’s _______ are widely thought to be the finest since those of Ludwig van Beethovan
string quartets
The expressionist movement was largely centered in
Germany and Austria
Harlem Renaissance was the name
sometimes given to a flowering of African American culture during the years 1917 – 1935
Leonard Bernstein was a well-known
author-lecturer, conductor, and composer of orchestal and vocal works
The empress of the blues was
Bessie Smith
The melodic instruments, or cornet, clarinet, and trombone, of a Dixieland band were known as the
front line
Porgy and Bess is an
opera
The front line of a Dixieland group included
cornet, clarinet, and trombone
William S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan were the writers of
The Mikado
Duke Ellington was perhaps the most important composer, arranger, and conductor of the ____ era.
Swing
The backbone of a jazz ensemble is its
rhythm section
Minimalism as an artistic movement was a
reaction against the complexity of serialism and the randomness of chance music
Schoeberg’s teacher was
himself
Two notable blues compositions are Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues, by
William C. Handy
One of the most important solo instruments of the swing era was the
saxophone
The Mikado, widely performed in the United States around the turn of the century, was written by
W.S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan
A golden era of American musical theater was created from about
1920 – 1960
The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti’s
Amahl and the Night Visitors
George Gershwin grew up in
New York, New York
Bela Bartok was a leading authority on _____ music
peasant
An African American dance music that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles known as
rhythm and blues
William Grant Still
played the violin in the university string quartet while a college student
In jazz, each statement of the basic harmonic pattern or melody is called a
chorus
Schoenberg developed an unusual style of vocal performance, halfway between speaking and singing, called
Sprechstimme
A kind of rhythmic talking accompanied by a sick jockey who manipulates recordings on tow turntables to create a collage of rhythmic effects is known as
rap
Claude Debussy’s most famous orchestral work was inspired by a poem by
Stephane Mallarme
A style of rock music that sprang from the political and concerns in the West Indies is called
reggae
The Gershwin song that became a tremendous hit in 1920 was
Swanee
William Grant Still’s Afro-American Symphony
uses a blue theme in the first movement which reappears as a unifying thread in various transformations in the tree later movements
The Beatles’s recording _____ can be considered a unified song cycle
Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles’s influence on American rock music may be seen through later performer’s use of
new electronic and instrumental sounds, unconventional chord progressions, and classical and nonwestern instruments
Igor Stravinsky dramatically changed his style in the 1950s to favor
the twelve-tone system
George Gershwin’s first piano teacher was
himself
In 1921 Aaron Copland began a three-year period of study in
France
The leading figures in the free jazz movement were
John Coltrane and Ornette Coleman
Cool jazz emerged
during the late 1940s and early 50s.
x

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