It’s time for a “Pink Revolution” Our Bureau, Iambi With access to a large natural resource base of over 160 million hectares of arable land, 15 million hectares of freshwater reservoirs, balanced bio-diversity, and diverse agar o-climatic conditions, India possess a few natural advantages which have facilitated the sustainability & development of world’s largest livestock population here. Despite the country being vegetarian major, the meat sector plays an Important role for reaching food industry in the world and comes in the first five ranked agricultural commodities like rice, milk, sugar, and wheat.
Currently, India is the largest producer of animals in the world. Both animal husbandry and meat industry have a great socio-economic and cultural importance in the country. As per Industry research report “Fuelling New Cycles of Success In Food Sector through infrastructure development,” the current livestock population is over 278 million including 180. 5 million cattle, 82. 8 million buffaloes, 9. 2 million goats, 4 million sheep and mammoth sized 450 million broilers.
This research report was prepared by KEMP, In association with Fiscal, Ministry of Commerce & Industry and Ministry of Food Processing Industries. The report has also expected annual growth rate of approximately 9. 5 per cent in the next five years. On other hand, the food processing Industries has estimated that the livestock population will cross 322 million by the end of 2015. Methuen is also slaughtered for meat in North East and Skim. Rabbit meat is also used as a specialty in Kraal and some other states. “The present Indian’s free ranging, fat-free and steroid meat Is receiving universal recognition.
There are over 40,000 veterinary centers which vigils and maintains quality has made this pink product one of the favorites,” Subbed Kant Assai, former DOD processing minister quoted in his address speech in one of the international meat & poultry processing conference. “Our country has seen the green revolution, which proved triumphant. Today there is talk of a second green revolution. In addition, the white revolution has resulted in India getting a 15 per cent share of the global market for milk and milk products. The time has now come for us to think and work on Pink Revolution. We need a revolution 1 OFF event.
Abject Abattoirs In India, the slaughter houses or abattoirs are owned & managed by local and state government. However, maximum number of exports is done by private players who have their established state of the art slaughtering, meat processing and packing units. According to dept of animal husbandry and dairying under ministry of agriculture, at present, there are more than 4000 municipal slaughter houses in the country. Most of the municipal managed slaughter houses are catering to the domestic market only. However, exporters have been also procuring the meat from some of these municipal slaughter houses.
Abdullah Bin Eased, manager, AH-Tuba Meat Suppliers, said, “The current condition of hose government owned slaughter houses are very old and have out-lived their utility. Almost all slaughter houses lack essential amenities such as uninterrupted electricity supply, XX water, drainage, and equipment & machineries for butchery. ” One of the industry research report, titled “Appetite for Growth,” by Foci, in association with ministry for food processing and ministry of commerce & industry has stated that the infrastructure and facilities at most of these slaughter houses are inadequate and outdated.
The meat production and processing players assert that if the municipal and state overspent works towards the improvement of abattoirs then the condition of processing & exports would be much better than today. “The fee charged by these slaughter houses which is supposed to be utilized for the maintenance and pagination of the facilities, has not resulted in the desired level of infrastructure. Additionally, the operating authorities are also responsible for providing licenses for operations.
The lack of separation of these roles has affected the operating standards of these slaughter houses,” the report said. The research report has also found that there are about 3,894 registered and about 5,754 unregistered slaughter houses in the country. Out of these, only 12 abattoirs UCM meat processing units in India have integrated state of the art facilities. Further, as far as privately owned abattoirs concern, most of meat & bovine exporters are depended on them to get required quality standards for exports.
Here, the private slaughter houses has several integrated mechanized slaughter house UCM meat processing plants and facilities for slaughtering, processing, freezing packing and cold storage of meat. Refer containers are easily available for factory stuffing of frozen meat. Rued meat, thermo-processed meat and dehydrated meat products. At present, most meat is exported in the secondary form which is defined cut, preserved or frozen. “For a private player, the most difficult license to obtain is the license for the location, due to social issues related to allocation of land for slaughter,” the report added.
Another major issue affecting the slaughter houses is the policies around slaughter time of the buffaloes – buffalo slaughter is allowed in India but only when the buffalo outlives its useful life as a dairy or a draught animal. Opportunities ahead India has an abundant supply of meat and meat processing industry in its nascent stage. The domestic processing industry is growing steadily with the increasing arbitration, quality consciousness and change in food habits and hence there is a market for scientifically produced meat products.
There is also a growing demand for processed, packaged, convenience and ready-to-eat or ready-to-serve meat products that require minimal preparation. S Squid, f industry analyst, said, “There is a large potential for setting up of modern slaughter facilities and development of cold chains in meat processing sector. The market has not been tapped fully for ready-to-eat and semi-processed meat products in the domestic market as well as for exports to neighboring countries especially to the Middle East.
Other important thing, buffalo meat is surplus in the country and has good export potential. Poultry production and egg processing industries have come up in the country in a big way and we are exporting egg powder, frozen egg yolk, albumin powder to Europe, Japan and some other countries. ” According to national media reports, some of the exporters have started backward integration for rearing of animals wherein they provide veterinary health coverage and concentrated feed in the catchments area.
Skilled and technical manpower for slaughtering, processing, and packaging of meat is adequately available in the country. “For us, the key markets for meat of bovine animals are Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Angola, Kuwait, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Iran. Further our sheep and chicken have huge opportunities in United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United States, Vietnam, Qatar and Oman, Afghanistan, Sir Lank, Kuwait respectively.