Opposition to alternative renewable energy resources
Despite all the positivity surrounding alternative renewable energy resources, there are flaws and inappropriate matters that also roam around its existence. This paper aims to point out those flaws that raise conflicts and disapproval for utilizing alternative renewable energy resources.
It is not necessary to use Alternative Renewable Energy Resources. This is not the answer to save the environment.
Opposition To Alternative Renewable Energy Resources
1.) The implementation of Renewable technology can damage the environment too.
There are some environmental concerns associated with each renewable technology, The list includes: the chemicals used in producing solar panels are stored using Lead and batteries. For wind turbines, they said it could kill birds.
Proponents of wind power have argued about the problem of death rate of birds being effectively addressed and must not negatively affect the industry’s growth. However, the problem has been evaluated since the mid 1970s and still proceeds intensely after two decades. Like the assertions that wind power will eventually be economic, such statements that (in the words of a U.S. representative of wind power), the wind power group has almost met their objectives of being an environmentally malignant resource of power. But despite breakthrough in technology while addressing bird kills were accomplished, any increase of cost utilizing that technology would comprise to worsen the competitive predicament of wind power. (Bradley, 2001).
The large-scale hydro source can even damage the rivers.
Back in 1985, a testimony of a man named Russell Shay of the Sierra Club claimed that “fisheries in California and the Pacific Northwest face disastrous effects from the unprecedented numbers of small hydro projects which have been proposed for our Western waterways.” Construction of new hydroelectric was condemned as specifically aggressive. During 1987, a moratorium against new hydro designations as “qualifying facilities” under PURPA was declared by Electric Consumers Protection Act. Mainstream environmentalists displayed and clamored criticism after criticism which led the administration of Bush to drop incentives to boost promotion of hydro in what eventually lead to be the Energy Policy Act of 1992. By the year 1993, the Sierra Club and Trout Unlimited gave criticisms about the administration of Bill Clinton regarding the promotions of hydro development as a strategy for global warming (Bradley, 2001).
These reasons somehow weaken the over-all potential of alternative renewable energy. These controversial issues create disintegration of approval with regards to the environmental point of view. The alarming death rate of birds and the criticisms of environmentalists displays one negative facade of implementing these alternative renewable energy.
2.) The idea of implementing Alternative Renewable Energy Resources suggests new managements and spends more money for construction or implementation.
Spending an approximate value of $5.1 billion, the Department of Energy has been utilizing money on solar energy since the year 1978 where more than 12 million dollars were spent per megawatt. 20 times greater than today’s capital cost of modern gas-fired plants, this is the investment per unit of capacity.
The Department of Energy is funding to try to undertake commercialization of photovoltaics and solar thermal which can be estimated to be $1,050 billion, three times the estimate for wind power. The industry of solar power can be categorized down into photovoltaic markets, micro solar markets, and thermal solar markets (Bradley, 2001).
During 1978, a study showed that the required materials for thermal solar projects were 1,000 times more than for a same sized facility of fossil fuel, making substantial industrial pollution and incremental energy consumption. Toxic chemical pollution (gallium, arsenic and cadmium) and consumption of energy linked with the large scale manufacturing of panels of photovoltaics are the concerns of major environmental cost of photovoltaic.
“The major environmental cost of photovoltaic solar concerns toxic chemical pollution (arsenic, gallium and cadmium) and energy consumption associated with the large scale (Bradley, 2001).
These costly matters somehow downgrade the positivity of alternative renewable energy resources. The change may cause better development for the future but the price that it will have to pay to fully implement it is a burden for the government and companies alike. There are many conflicts that the financial aspects of this issue address.
This new system somehow suggests a better management for implementation and it would be costly to form teams and for construction purposes. The cost of construction and other aspects of implementation will almost equal the costs of using the conventional energy resources.
3.) Alternative Renewable Energy cost more than the regular source due to site issues.
Even if the cost of renewables have been reduced by 80% the he past twenty years, they still cost more than the other sources. For example, wind power costs half a cent per kilowatt-hour more than natural gas.
New conflicts will be introduced by renewable energy. One example is availability of land which is a basic parameter controlling renewable energy supplies. In the United States and the world, there is more than 99% of food supply coming from the land. Adding to this, the forest resources harvesting is currently insufficient to fit the United States’ needs and results to the US importing several of its forest products. Relatively, there is little land accessible for other users with the likes of biomass production and solar technologies. Consequently there is an approximate of 75% of the United States’ total land area that are exploited for forestry and agriculture. Also, the growth of population is expected to further worsen the land demands. Hence, future conflicts regarding land could be intense (Pimentel, 1994).
Regulating barriers to hooking up to the electricity grid is also a main concern for transmission. New power plants are charged more for hooking up to the grid. These distribution grid issues affect the small scale like PV and small wind. The technical requirements to connect unnecessary fees affect the small customers trying to put up a wind turbine for example in their property.
Finding negative reasons about this topic is quite difficult regarding the dominance of positive reasons than negative ones. This subject though has made me more enlightened by the fact of the importance of realizing the significance of energy and how the world stands with regards to it. Having evaluated the negative and positive sides of this subject matter, I can conclude that alternative options are necessary because the old conventional resources can’t hold up until the future generations. But the negative sides should also be considered and improved upon. Conducting this analytical research has made me more aware about the environmental concerns and energy-related matters that the world is experiencing. There is a need to further analyze the pros and cons about alternative renewable energy resources. Hopefully, the future and current leaders of the world shall give appropriate recognition regarding this matter.
Bradley, Jr. R. (1998 May). Dirty Secrets of Renewable Energy. USA Today, 126, 34.
Bradley, Jr., R. (2001). Hydroelectricity: The Politically Incorrect Renewable. Retrieved May 13, 2008 from http://www.ncpa.org/studies/renew/renew3.html.
Bradley, Jr., R. (2001). Killing Birds: The “Avian Mortality” Problem. Retrieved May 13, 2008 from http://www.ncpa.org/studies/renew/renew2d.html.
Gallachoir, B. (2002). Conflicts Between Electricity Market Liberalisaton and Wind Energy Policies. Proceedings of the 2002 Global Wind Energy Conference, Retrieved: May 12 2008 from http://www.ucc.ie/serg/pub/GWP2002.pdf.
Johns, J. (2007 April 12). Senate Committee on Finance, Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Resources, and Infrastructure, International Perspectives on Alternative Energy Policy: Incentives and Mandates and their Impacts: Written Testimony. Retrieved: May 13 2008 from http://www.senate.gov/~finance/hearings/testimony/2007test/041207testjj.pdf.
Pimentel, D. (1994, September 8). Renewable Energy: Economic and Environmental Issues. BioScience, 44, 8.