There are four basics propositions of the international psychology (1) Behavior is a function of a continuous, multidimensional interaction between the person and the situation (2) The person is active in this process and is tooth changed by situations and changes situation (3) People vary in many characteristics, including cognitive, affective, motivational, and ability factors (4) Two interpretations of situations are important the objective situation and the persons subjective view of the situation.
The international psychology approach points out the need to study both persons and situation What is personality, and what is the Big 5 personality attributes Personality is an individual difference that lends consistency to a persons behavior. Personality is the relatively stable set of characteristics that influence an individuals behavior. The Big 5 personality traits include extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience. The extroversion is the person who is gregarious, assertive, and sociable as opposed to reserved, timid, and quiet.
Extravert’s tend to have higher salaries with their careers. The agreeableness person is cooperate, warm, and agreeable rather than cold, disagreeable, and antagonistic. Individuals with high agreeableness tend to rate others more leniently on peer evaluations. The conscientiousness person is hardworking, organized, and dependable as opposed to lazy, disorganized, and unreliable. Those with high conscientiousness tend to be tougher motivated. For customer service jobs, individuals high in emotional stability, agreeableness, and openness to experience perform best.
The emotional stability person is calm, self-confident, and cool as opposed to insecure, anxious, and depressed. The openness to experience person is creative, curious, and cultured rather than practical with narrow interest. Describe the components of the Core Self-Evaluations model of personality. The Core Self-Evaluation model is a broad set of personality traits that refers to self-concept. It is composed of locus of control, self esteem, unrealized self efficacy, and emotional stability. CASE predicts both goal directed behavior and performance.
Locus of control called individuals generalized belief about self verses others. People who believe they control, whereas people who believe the circumstances or other people control their fate have external locus of control while internals report high satisfaction on the job and performance. Self-Efficacy is a persons overall view of himself/herself as being able to perform effectively in a wide variety of situations. Employees with high self efficacy have more confidence in job related abilities that help them function on the job.
Self- Esteem is an individuals general feeling of self worth. Individuals with high self esteems have positive feelings about themselves, perceive themselves, to have strengths as well as weaknesses, and believe their strengths are important than their weaknesses. Individuals with low self esteem view themselves negatively and affected by what people think of them, and they compliment individuals who give the positive feedback. Self-Monitoring the extent to which people base their behavior on cues from other people and situations.
High self motivators pay attention to what is appropriate in particular situations and in the behavior f other people, and they behave accordingly whereas, low self-monitors pay less attention to situational cues and act from internal states instead. Positive/ Negative affect are the individuals who focus on the positive aspects of themselves, other people, and the world in general are said to have a positive affect. Individuals with positive aspects tend to be satisfied with their job and perform better. In contrast, those who accentuate the negative are opposite known as the negative affect.
What are the 4 components of the Meyers/Briggs personality model The four components of the Meyer/Briggs model are (1) extroversion/introversion represents where you find energy. The (E) is energize by interaction with other people, who tend to have a wide social network and the (I) is energize by time alone, tend to have a narrow range of relationships (2) seeing/intuition represents perception or information-gathering. The (S) seeing type pays attention to information gathering through the five senses and what exist.
The seeing types prefer specific answers t questions and can be frustrated by vague instructions and the intuitive type like solving new problems and impatient with routine scenarios, (N) intuition type pays attention to a sixth ensue and what could be rather than to what exist. (3) thinking/feeling describes the way we prefer to make decisions. The thinking type tends to analyze the situation (T) makes decisions in a logical objective fashion and also to be more likely to be 2/3 of females, whereas the feeling type tends to sympathize the situation (F) makes decisions in a personal, valued-oriented way. 4) judging/ perceiving reflects ones orientation to the outer world. The judging type (J) loves closure they prefer to lead planned, organized lives and making decisions. On the other hand perceiving types (P) prefer flexible and spontaneous live and eke to keep options open. Judging types love getting things accomplished and delight in checking off completed tasks and the perceiving types adopt a wait and see attitude. What are some barriers to social perception Social perceptions are the process of interpreting information about another person.
The five barriers are selective perception, stereotyping, first-impression error, projection, and self-fulfilling prophecies. Selective perception is our tendency to prefer information that supports our viewpoints and ignore information that threatens their viewpoints. A stereotype is generalized about a group of people. They come stronger when they shared and validated by others they also can be harmful if used to falsify a person giving a false impression.