Person-Centered Therapy is a signifier of psychoanalytical guidance developed in the 1940s by Carl Rogers. The foundation of this signifier of therapy stemmed from Rogers’ belief that all people have an built-in desire to be good. Every individual has a self-concept or an ideal ego which represents what type of individual they want to be or believe they are. However. a person’s self-concept may non be reflected in their existent life experiences and this incongruence creates psychological emphasis. Rogers’ chief end is to let the client to research where their incongruences are rooted and have the clients make up one’s mind for themselves how to alter their behaviours to suit their self-concept. Though the client may reflect on past experiences. Person-Centered Therapy focuses on the client’s current feelings and their current perceived dignity. The ideal terminal consequence of this type of therapy is that the client experiences self-actualization through positive self-acceptance and personal growing.
In Person-Centered Therapy the relationship between the client and counsellor is important to arousing any advancement in the client. The counsellor must supply an environment in which the client can unwrap their deepest feelings comfortably and safely. This establishes trust in the relationship and allows the client to further research their ideas. The chief constituents to Rogers’ theory is that the healer must hold unconditioned positive respect for the client and must be able to sympathize with them truly. To make this. the healer should concentrate on the client’s positive properties. Changeless positive support given unfeignedly makes the client feel secure and supported and they will experience more comfy talking about their issues. This increases the likeliness that the client will try to do a alteration in their life. A 2nd cardinal component in Person-Centered Therapy is that it is non-directive therapy. The counsellor does non seek to direct the client in any peculiar way. but lets the client lead the treatment in their ain way. The counsellor must let the client to make so and promote them to go on to research that way. This manner. when the client does make up one’s mind to do a alteration in his/her life. it is done on their ain footings. That is the most of import characteristic of this type of guidance.
In footings of the Helping Skills Model. Person-Centered Therapy focuses chiefly on the Exploration Stage. Rogers’ theory is based on the same rules that define the Exploration Stage. The Exploration Stage is a clip where the healer and client develop a resonance and where the healer truly learns about the client’s behaviour and personality. The constitution of a swearing relationship between the healer and client is the end of the Exploration Stage and is critical for the Person-Centered Therapy theory to be effectual. This type of therapy relies to a great extent on the usage of restatements and open-ended inquiries to promote the client to open up about their ideas and emotions. The Exploration Stage and this type of therapy focal point on chiefly on the clients as they do most of the speech production.
Person-Centered Therapy has its strengths and weaknesses/limitations. One of import characteristic of this type of therapy is that the client does non go dependant on the healer. If the therapy is done right. the client will go to recognize that he/she is capable of altering his/her life on their ain. This type of therapy empowers the client to take control of their issues and work out them independently and in favour of their ain desires. Another strength of this type of therapy is that one time the client realizes his/her full potency and has gained a high degree of self-understanding. the demand for therapy is no longer at that place. They can now travel out into the universe feeling confident about get the better ofing any future obstructions.
A restriction for this theory of therapy is that it may look excessively simple. The theory at its nucleus fundamentally says if person is in a safe. impartial environment and talk their ideas to an sympathizing individual. they will work out their ain issues. This means anybody can make this and no existent professional is needed. Another restriction is that there is no way given for clients who can non come up with their ain solutions. This can be really frustrating for both the healer and client because there is no advancement being made. If a client is non capable of recognizing his/her ain potency and acknowledge the alterations that need to be in their life. there is nil the counsellor can truly make without endangering the high degree of client liberty this type of therapy allows.
Hill. C. E. ( 2009 ) . Helping Skills: Facilitating geographic expedition. penetration. and action. ( 3rd ed. ) Washington. District of columbia: American Psychological Association.
Rogers. C. R. ( 1992 ) . The necessary and sufficient conditions of curative personality alteration. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 60. 827-832. ( Original article published 1957 ) .