Abortion is the deliberate killing of the weakest and most defenseless among us. Unfortunately, for the last few decades, the practice has been recognized as a fundamental human right by the highest court of the land. Many people are fervent supporters of abortion. Their reasons for support are varied. These readings include excerpts from the majority opinion of Roe v. Wade, as well as articles by two feminists– Judith Jarvis Thomson and Serrin M. Foster–on the morality of abortion. Many people believe abortion is a moral issue, but it is also a constitutional issue.
It is a woman’s right to choose what she does with her body, and it should not be altered or influenced by anyone else. There are many risks that are involved with abortion that should be deliberated very carefully before making the decision to proceed. Also, there are many laws against abortion, but no one can prohibit women from having an abortion. There are several reasons why abortions should be legal and left up to a woman to decide. One a woman may decide to seek an abortion when the health of the fetus is at risk. Second may the health or welfare of herself.
Third may be in the case of incest and/or rape. Concerning the first reason that abortions should be legal there is the health of the fetus. In my opinion, on July 28, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment became part of the U. S. Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment gave a new sense of hope and inspiration to a once oppressed people. It was conceived to be the foundation for restoring America to its great status and prosperity. The Amendment allowed “equal protection under the law”, no matter what race, religion, sex, sexual preference or social status.
In fact, before the decision made in the famous court case of Roe v. Wade, abortion was morally wrong and was constituted as a crime that could lead to a prison sentence of up to five years. It was the U. S. Supreme Court that “legalized” abortion as a result of Roe vs. Wade on January 22, 1973. ” (Excerpts from the Majority Opinion) Justice Harry Blackmun said, “No case could be cited that holds that a fetus is a person within the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment,” expresses that there has always been strong support for the view that life does not begiin until live birth.
He also made it clear that the right has some extension to activites relating to marriage and procreation. The right of personal privacy includes the abortion decision, but that this right is not unqualified and must be cpnsidered against important state interests in regulation. In A Defense of Abortion, Judith Thomson defends her stance concerning the abortion debate, and attempts to explain why all abortion cases should not be considered morally impermissible. She describes cases of pregnancy resulting from rape, pregnancy despite preventive methods being utilized, and pregnancy that will cause harm to the mother.
In these cases, Thomson concentrates on what someone has the right to do versus what someone ought to do. Thomson creates three hypothetical analogies that further explain why an abortion is permissible for each case. For the sake of argument, Thomson’s initial premise for all cases is that a fetus is a person. For example, Thomson argues abortions are permissible in rape cases by using a hypothetical situation where an individual has been kidnapped against their will and awakens medically attached to a famous violinist, allowing him to survive only through the use of your kidneys. If you detached yourself from the violinist, he will certainly die; therefore, to continue the analogy, you have to lie there for the nine months it will take to rehabilitate his kidneys. Is it morally just of you to unplug yourself, knowing this man will surely die if you do so? Thomson argues that it is morally just, because you did not consent to allow him the right to use your body. It was unquestionably against your will. ” (Thomas).
The violinist analogy translates to pregnancies from rape cases, because a rape victim is in effect kidnapped, and therefore forced against their will to commit nine months of their life allowing a fetus to grow utilizing their body. She challenges the idea that one can argue effectively from this premise to the conclusion that all abortion is morally impermissible. The moral and legal status of abortion has always been surrounded by controversy. Morality of abortion it is difficult to take a stand without contradicting widely held belief.
In Refuse to Choose: Women Deserve Better than Abortion, Serrin M. Foster focused on developing to educate women, the highest risk of abortion about our rich pro-life feminist heritage and redirect the debate toward woman-centered solutions. This essay on morality of abortion with stand on pro-life, argues that the fetus is a living being. Pro-life argues that it is unethical to do abortion because it is deliberately killing a living being and murder is a crime. One has to take responsibility for the consequence of their actions. Morality of abortion sees the pregnant women, hatever the circumstance is, responsible for the child inside her womb since it is still dependent for its continued existence. Personal convenience should not take over valuing life. Morality of abortion take the pro-life stand because the mother still has her options after giving birth. If the mother does not want the baby, she can put the baby for adoption and let somebody else take care of it. Each woman who undergoes abortion risks her life. There is always that high risk that abortion will not only cause the death of the baby but also of the mother as well.
The morality of abortion take a stand that abortion should never be a pregnant woman’s choice. Foster believes abortion harms women, such as, damages that abortion causes to women’s bodies can result in: Infertility, Future Miscarriages, or Death. In conclusion, Abortion is one of the most controversial issues of today’s society. Many women feel it is their right to choose, but some feel the exact opposite. The authors of the articles had their own biased opinions and argues their point of view on the matter of killing a fetus or have other real options than terminating a pregnancy.