This act states that overall health and safety is in the responsibility of the employees as well as the employer, so everyone in the setting is partly responsible for the health and safety of anyone who is there.
HASAWA states that if five or more staff are employed then there must be a safety policy in place. This policy contains procedures, which all staff are familiar with, that are in place for emergencies such as fires, accidents and stranger danger. Risk assessments are carried out throughout the whole school which must state how risks can be minimised.
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
The Manual Handling Operations Regulations state that it the duty of the employer and employees to not lift anything that may cause harm to whoever is lifting the object.
If there is need to pick up a child in placement as well as equipment, it must be done in the correct way as incorrect lifting can result in back and limb injuries.
Children Act 2004
The Children’s Act of 2004 puts the government document ‘Every Child Matters’ in place as well to edits to the original Act.
For example, if there is anything suspicious or suggest that a child may be subject to abuse; it must be recorded and told to the appropriate authority.
Education (School Premises) Regulations 1996
The Education Regulations state that there must be pupil toilets and playing fields in schools. The toilets must be at the children’s level and be kept clean as well as staff toilets.
The person in charge of health and safety on the playground, playing field and toilets is the caretaker. It is the caretaker’s duty to clean the toilets daily and mow the grass when appropriate.
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 1995
COSHH is used to legally protect people in the setting against substances which can cause ill-health. In the document, there is a list of precautions to prevent illnesses or injuries from substances. Substances must have warning labels on them and be stored carefully in special containers in a locked cupboard.
COSHH states that medicines must be kept in a safe and secure place and have the child’s name labelled on the medicine. As well as this, when medicine is administered it must be recorded by the office staffs who administer the medicines.
Any substances that could have adverse health effects must be cleaned the same way as hazardous substances will, such as body fluids and blood.
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
The Electricity at Work Regulations state that all electrical equipment in work settings must be tested before being used by workers by electricians. The electrical equipment must be checked on a yearly basis.
A contracted electrician comes into school at the end of August every year to check all electrical appliances in the school.
First Aid Regulations 1981
The First Aid Regulations requires all settings to have a stocked first aid box, which is green with a white cross on it, waterproof and when closed it should be airtight. The first aid box must be kept somewhere where it is easily accessible.
There is a first aid box in every classroom, which is always fully stocked with every member of staff being First Aid trained and are retrained every four years. There are spare first aid boxes in the school office.
Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997
The Fire Precautions Regulations states that that the employees as well as the employers should know the correct procedures in the possibility of a fire. There should be fire exit signs above doors to ensure people know which route to take in the event of a fire.
There is a practice fire evacuation half termly in order to ensure that all staff and children know what to do in the event of a fire. During this, all the children are told to calmly stand up and get out of the classroom onto the route which leads down to the playground. Once on the playground, a register is taken by all classes, and also with the visitor and staff signing in books and whoever is not on the playground is noted by the teacher who tells the head teacher. This ensures that all children, visitors, contractors and staff are accounted for in the event of a real fire.
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)
RIDDOR requires that all places of work state to the appropriate authority any incidents that have involved injuries, diseases, deaths and “dangerous occurrences”.
RIDDOR states that there must be an accident book in all settings for both adults and children. Any major incidences, even if it does not cause injuries, must be reported to the authority.
Legislation, policies and procedures in a childcare setting are put in place to ensure the safety of all childcare workers, children, visitors and contractors in order to establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment.
Legislation is put in place to inform and show all employers and employees what to do in the event of a casualty or dangerous occurrence and if it does happen, how to report and deal with it in the correct manner. The legislation also gives guidance as to how to prevent dangers occurring to anyone in the childcare setting. This keeps all members of staff, children, visitors and contractors safe and secure. The legislation sets a standard in all childcare settings so all dangerous occurrences will be dealt legally in the same way anywhere in the country.
Policies and Procedures are set in place in all settings to give all staff guidance as to what the rules are and what to do to implement those rules, as well as what they must do in any events to protect themselves as well as children in their care.
RIDDOR is important in childcare settings as in the event of an accident; the accident can be recorded and be used as evidence. It also keeps adults who are in contact with the child in the know about the accident that has happened. This leaves the childcare setting legally protected as for example, if a child has cut themselves and it is not reported and the cut becomes infected, the carer of the child can put the blame onto the childcare setting for not reporting the accident to the child’s carer.
COSHH is important in childcare settings as that in the event that a child may have a reaction to medicine, there is legal evidence written about who administered the medicine, how much and when.
HASAWA is important to childcare settings as that every adult is responsible in the setting for children as well as themselves. For example, if an incident occurs then it must be correctly reported to the appropriate authority and then it should be dealt with and so everyone in the childcare setting is safe and secure.
There must be a fire drill at least every term. This is to ensure that all fire bells and alarms are correctly working and to see whether the adults and pupils at the setting know what to do in the event of a fire. It is the adult’s responsibility to know the routes out of the school to the playground and know what to do in a fire drill. Registers are taken for all pupils, visitors and members of staff in order to keep everyone safe as the register will have documented who is in the setting at the time. If there is a fire in the setting and a person becomes missing, there can then be checks to see if there is anyone left behind in the building.
First aid regulations keep the setting legally safe because legally there must be at least one full time member of staff who can perform first aid in the setting. In some settings, all childcare workers whether it is a teacher, assistant or a child minder, will have a valid first aid certificate. There is usually a person who accidents are reported to and is then logged by this person.
There are legal documents approved by the government such as child protection and every child matters, which keeps all childcare settings legally safe and secure as well as giving the settings guidance for how to deal with certain cases. Confidentiality is vital as it keeps the setting safe because the information is only shared between the school and appropriate authority. This is because all children need to be safe and secure.
Electricity at work regulations keep the setting and the children safe as the childcare setting must, by law, have a yearly check on all electrical equipment. If equipment isn’t tested then the setting may be causing themselves a risk of causing an electrical fire or having someone electrocuted by the appliance. The engineer puts a sticker on each electrical appliance stating when it has been checked in order to keep the setting safe.