World War II positively affected the development of Canada because the war created more Job opportunities which created more money In the economy, Canada has become more independent since participating in the war, and it created massive baby boom which stabilized the economy. All this helped shape Canada as a nation and brought Canada out of its Depression. During the Great Depression, the unemployment rate remained above 12% until World War 2 started (Claude, Blonger). Canada declared war on Germany on September 09, 1939.
Canada was not ready for war, there was not enough money to support the economy, many men were living In relief camps and most factories shutdown (Ballots, Angelo). When World War II began It was an opportunity to earn money and have employment while supporting and protecting Canada. Canada was hanged Into an Industrialized sector and because of that there was virtually no unemployment. For example, Oil fields were found In Alberta and more workers were recruited to collect the raw material for industrial products (Greatening, J. L).
About 1 million soldiers enlisted (Douglas, W. A. B) and the rest of the Canadian population – made of about 10 million Canadians (Douglas, W. A. B) – worked in ammunition factories, mines, or other work forces benefiting the war. We need so many workers, so more than 1 million women, moved into the workforce. The Canadian Government raised taxes during the WI to help pay for the cost of he war, some money that Canadians made went straight Into weaponry, trades or Victory bonds. The more jobs that were being created meant more money was given to the government through taxes.
Not only did another World War begin but the drought that enhanced the Great Depression ended In the west which formed Canada to not only be industrialized but also agriculturally sufficient. The drought ending brought in more employment and supplied food for the entire country and for the troops being sent overseas. The trades also played a huge role in creating jobs and fueling the economy with money. By 1944 exports to the United Kingdom were rising and reached over $1 billion (Greatening,J. L).
From the beginning of the war to 1941, the number of employees in Canada’s manufacturing and industrial sector increased by more than 40% (Greatening,J. L). All these affects and changes on the economy started affecting Canada was a country as well. Canada has technically been an Independent country since the Statue of Westminster declared Canada as an Independent nation In 1 931, but the obstacle was that Canada lacked power (Arthur, Max). World War II entirely changed the world’s view of Canada.
Since participating in the war was a choice, many Canadians consequences of the first but still Canadian men and women enlisted in the army showing patriotic love for their country. Canada started to gain respect and honor with their participation in the war. They contributed $16 billion in total and $10 billion was spent on war productions (Ballots, Angelo). By the end of the war Canada had the 3rd largest Ana and the 4th largest air force (Claude Blonger). The more money that Canada gained through war productions and trades meant more power was being gained for the country as well as a National Identity.
Throughout the years of World War II Canada created a National Identity of always being eager to help. The Canadian government donated the most out of all the other Allies, providing weapons, food and money. Post- World War II, Canada became one of the wealthiest countries while the Allies were recovering from the war. Trading during the war played a massive part in the financial gain. Canada become a member of the United Nations in 1945 (“Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations. “) and has been part of a few missions, this created a great sense of pride for Canadians.
As a country Canada started maturing, learning room past mistakes. For instance, the conscription crisis in World War I almost broke the French- English Canadian relationship, but in World War II Conscription was inducted with a few compromises of sending a few troops of men that refused to go overseas. This compromise did not break the French-English Canadian relationship but only strained it. The country also became much more diverse and multicultural after the war, because of all the immigrants. They understood that everyone deserved basic human rights no matter what race or culture.
This was another factor that shaped Canada for future generations. After World War II, families and loved ones were reunited. “More babies were born in 1946 than ever before: 3. 4 million, 20 percent more than in 1945,” Cones, London. ). This massive baby boom stabilized the economy of Canada, creating a sustainable prosperity. There were even more Jobs and many immigrants to fill those positions. Most ammunition and war factories transformed into industries that created appliances for baby boomers. Some products were Barbie dolls, 6. 1. Joe and Mr.. Potato Head (Roam, Doug).
With this increase in population there were many daycare, hospitals, schools and child-care. Life Insurance companies started to catch the eyes of young parents causing them to invest and spend a large amount of money. The boomers were the most educated and the healthiest because of the immigrants and veterans of World War II that took over Jobs as teachers and doctors. The more money spent means the more money that will return to the citizens. To this day the baby boomers have always been the largest consumers; they have become some of the largest and richest owners of private businesses across Canada (Adams, Michael).
The baby boomer have helped balance Canada’s economy and prevented another Depression from starting. Many things in World War II affected Canada but the positive effects are what Great Depression. Participation in World War II brought Canada a National Identity and a sense of pride for being a Canadian. The massive baby boom helped stabilize the amount of money going in and out of the economy, so that at the end of the war there would not be another Depression. These aspects are what changed Canada as a country, helped prepare for the future and provided Canada with self-confidence. Bibliography Adams, Michael, and Amy Languages.