Post-Modern American Family Essay, Research Paper
A postmodern household is a household, which has been stripped down from the extended household theoretical account dwelling of grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins all life together. The postmodern household is an & # 8220 ; anything goes family. & # 8221 ; It can include stepmothers, stepfathers, half brothers and sisters, and many aunts, uncles, and grandparents. The household that used to be economically dependent on the male now has the adult females in the work force every bit good.
The postindustrial economic system trades with how people today have much more control over the production procedure of the economic system. The economic system does non depend on any peculiar household signifier. The postmodern household and postindustrial economic system are connected in that the economic system changed the household construction. The atomic household began populating a more private life in relation with their other household members. Women no longer had to remain at place to raise the kids ; they went out and received higher instruction and good paying occupations.
One immense alteration in the economic system during the last 20 old ages, which has earned the name postindustrial, is the enlargement of concern. Business has expanded throughout the universe. In the past the economic system was based on what a farm would bring forth and so sell in a local market. Today we import so many of our goods that we don & # 8217 ; Ts have a demand for farms and little stores. This resulted in work forces happening occupations in the concern universe. World concern has had a major impact on the postmodern household ; it is one of the things that have helped determine it. Another immense thing, which has had a major impact on the economic system, is the widespread usage of computing machines. The computing machine industry has grown so much in the past 20 old ages that it has taken over many occupations. In the past occupations that may hold taken 100s of people to carry through, can now be done by a individual computing machine. Many people have lost their occupations in the last 20 old ages due to computing machines. As clip goes on more and more people will lose their occupations.
Judith Stacey feels that the many alterations in the construction of the household has caused her to give the household the rubric the postmodern household. Some of these alterations include the thought that there are two beginnings of income in a household today, the hubby and the married woman. Many times after a divorce a adult females will hold to travel out and back up herself and sometimes her kid. Remarriages are really common today ensuing with half-brothers and sisters, half brothers and sisters, stepparents. All of these things are alterations, which have caused Stacey to name today & # 8217 ; s household & # 8220 ; postmodern. & # 8221 ; ( 1992 )
The postmodern household and the postindustrial economic system fuel each other and interact with each other. The service economic system has taken over the fabricating economic system. This made it easier for adult females with out an instruction to acquire a occupation and work forces who worked in mills to lose their occupations. In Judith Stacey & # 8217 ; s Brave New Families, Pam and Don portray this thought. Pam provinces that she was the & # 8220 ; queen of unskilled labor. & # 8221 ; ( p. 48, 1992 ) Pam found it comparatively easy to happen service occupations, for illustration baby sitting and run uping occupations. Don was an applied scientist working for a computing machine industry. At first the industry needed high tech workers, high tech workers equal high paying occupations. Soon after, an assembly
line procedure became developed and Don was no longer needed. Womans like Pam were replacing Don and his colleagues. Womans with small or no instruction who needed to back up their household were accepting low paying occupations. ( Class treatment, 11/6/98 ) .
In Arlie Hochschild & # 8217 ; s Time Bind, you can see how the postindustrial household and the postmodern household interact with each other. Bill and Linda ( hubby and married woman ) both work at the Amerco works. Bill is a technician and Linda is a displacement supervisor. Bill works while Linda stays place to watch their babe, so Bill will watch the babe while Linda plants. ( p. 54, 1997 ) Their household life has disintegrated ; there is no societal interaction between the twosome. In the past the hubby would back up the household while the married woman stayed at place and watched the childs. Today because occupations have lowered their pay and because the monetary value of different merchandises has greatly increased, this forces both the hubby and the married woman to work full clip.
Because adult females are in the workplace to remain, they need more aid with the housekeeping. It is really common that adult females don & # 8217 ; t acquire this aid from their hubby. Some facets of American life demand to alter to advance better societal integrating within the household. In the illustration of Linda and Bill & # 8217 ; s matrimony, Bill comes place from work and he relaxes while watching the babe. When Linda gets place from the same occupation, she has dishes left in the sink that have to be washed. Everyone in the household comes to her with their jobs the minute she walks in the door. Linda has a feeling of being overwhelmed. She escapes to work to acquire off of all her family force per unit areas. Work force are traveling to hold to get down taking over some of the day-to-day jobs to keep a stable household life. ( p. 55, 1997 )
Functionalism discusses how society is as whole unit made up of interconnected parts that work together as a whole. If society is to work swimmingly so all parts must be working together in harmoniousness. Persons must hold to work together and move in normative ways to do society work. ( Class treatment, 11/18/98 ) . Bill must larn to take on an equal sum of jobs, to assist Linda around the house. Karl Marx & # 8217 ; s struggle theory is the consequence of functionalism. Conflict theory focuses on the societal alteration of society. The work forces don & # 8217 ; t want to assist with housekeeping. They feel that adult females have done the housekeeping for many old ages and that it is non their topographic point to make a adult female & # 8217 ; s occupation. The work forces would hold to be forced into assisting out at place. Even if equilibrium is reached it will merely be an semblance. ( Class treatment, 11/18/98 )
The postmodern household and the postindustrial economic system have many struggles. With clip, hopefully these struggles will be worked out so that work forces and adult females can populate together in an equal society.
1. Charon, Joel M. 1998. Ten Questions: A Sociological Perspective. California:
Wadsworth Publishing Co.
2. Class Discussion. November 6, 1998.
3. Class Discussion. November 18,1998.
4. Hochschild, Arlie. 1997. Time Bind. New York: The New York Times.
5. Judith, Stacey. 1992. Weather New Families. Sociology reading # 7
6. Kozol, Jonathan. 1991. Savage Inequalities. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc.