I. William McKinley ( 1/29/1843 – 9/14/1901 )
II. Two Footings: 1897 – 1901
III. Garret Hobart ( 1897 – 1899 ) ; Theodore Roosevelt ( 1901 ) IV. Republican Party
V. Major Events
* William McKinley becomes President ( 1897 ) – Political a. McKinley ran against Democrat. William Jennings Bryan. McKinley received bulk popular and electoral ballots. b. William McKinley became the 25th President of the United States. * Dingley Tariff ( 1897 ) – Domestic

c. The Dingley Tariff redeemed the promises made to reconstruct high protective duties. d. The Dingley Tariff replaced the Wilson-Gorman Act of 1894. * Klondike Gold Rush ( 1897 ) – Domestic

e. Gold was discovered in the Klondike River in Canada. More than 100. 000 work forces and adult females set off to the Klondike River in the Yukon Territory of Canada. Word of the find got about really rapidly. f. Gold haste fever reached a new tallness. Over 30 million dollars ( in 1897 U. S. dollar value ) worth of gold. * De Lome Letter ( 1898 ) – Foreign Policy

g. Enrique Dupuy de Lome. a Spanish curate to Washington. wrote a missive showing his positions on President McKinley. naming him weak. h. America was outraged that a foreign functionary made such a comment towards the president. De Lome resigned and stated that the missive expressed his positions. non his government’s positions. * Spanish-American War Begins ( 1898 ) – Foreign Policy I. The Spanish-American War was a ephemeral struggle. get downing and stoping in the same twelvemonth. between Spain and the United States. The United States was seeking to assist Cuba derive independency from Spain. The war began when the United States declared war after the battlewagon Maine was sunk in Havana Harbor. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris. J. The United States won the war. As a consequence of losing. Spain lost control over the staying abroad imperium. Spain lost control over Cuba. Puerto Rico. the Philippines Islands. Guam. and other islands. * Teller Resolution ( 1898 ) – Foreign Policy

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k. The United States had no purposes on annexing Cuba or taking over Cuba in any manner. The United States merely wanted to assist the island claim independency and go forth the authorities and control to the island’s people. l. The United States did non annex Cuba and merely remained on the island until 1902 with the Platt Amendment to the Cuban fundamental law. The United States gained rights to post a naval base in the Cuban seaport. Guantanamo Bay.

* Hawaiian Islands annexed ( 1898 ) – Domestic
m. The United States had begun involvement in the Hawaiian Islands in the early 1800s. The United States traded with Hawaii for its sugar. A sugar duty in the 1890s caused a depression in Hawaii. Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown and forced to abdicate her thrown. Marines stormed the islands. President Cleveland unfavored the appropriation of Hawaii. President McKinley signed a joint declaration and annexed Hawaii. n. The Hawaiian Islands were annexed by the United States and became district. The Hawaiian Islands would non go the province of Hawaii until both it and Alaska were ratified in 1959. * Treaty of Paris ( 1898 ) – Foreign Policy

O. This pact ended the Spanish-American War.
p. The United States paid Spain $ 20 million for the ownership of the Philippines. Puerto Rico and Guam were placed under American control. * First Grandfather Clause ( Louisiana ) ( 1898 ) – Political Q. Seven southern provinces enacted the clause in effort to forestall freedwomans from voting. The clause was to invalidate the 15th amendment. r. The Grandfather Clause significantly reduced African American political engagement and influence in the twentieth century. This voting denial clause was the centre of the favoritism and segregation of African Americans in the twentieth century. * Open Door Policy ( 1899 ) – Foreign Policy

s. China was non recognized as a autonomous province during this clip and was wholly disorganized. The major powers of the universe were seeking to claim trading rights to China. President McKinley presented an “open door” policy that would let all trading state entree to the Chinese market. John Hay. U. S. Secretary of State. was seeking to do every state on the same degree and seeking to maintain China from being partitioned among the major powers. t. John Hay was seeking to protect the United States and its business communities and investors. The Open Door Policy was non extremely favored by foreign states. * Boxer Rebellion ( 1900 ) – Foreign Policy

U. A secret Chinese organisation. the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists. led an rebellion in northern China against the spread of Western and Nipponese influence. The Rebels. known as drawerss. killed aliens and Chinese Christians and destroyed foreign belongings. The drawerss surrounded China’s capital Beijing. International forces subdued the rebellion. The Boxer Protocol officially ended the rebellion. v. China agreed to pay $ 330 million in reparations. * Gold Standard Act ( 1900 ) – Economic

w. The gold dollar was declared to be the standard unit of value. ten. Gold was made the criterion for all of the nation’s currency. The Treasury was required to keep a lower limit of $ 150 million in gold militias and the monetary value of gold was raised.

* Foraker Act ( 1900 ) – Domestic/Foreign
Y. The Foraker Act established a civilian authorities in Puerto Rico. The authorities had a House of Representatives. governor. president. and Supreme Court. omega. Even with this freshly established authorities. Puerto Rico was still under United States control. All federal Torahs of the United States were to be in consequence on the island. * Socialist Party organized in the U. S. ( 1900 ) – Political { . The party was formed to advance public control of the agencies of production and distribution. | . The party differed from the Socialist Labor Party and shortly outsized the older party. * Up From Slavery by Booker T. Washington published ( 1900 ) – Social } . Up From Slavery is the autobiography of Booker T. Washington. The book inside informations Washington lifting from bondage and get the better ofing obstructions to acquire an instruction. ~ . Up From Slavery became a best marketer among Whites and heightened Booker T. Washington’s profile. * Census shows U. S. population is 75. 9 million ; Life anticipation is 48 old ages for males. 51 old ages for females ( 1900 ) – Domestic  . The 1900 nose count asked inquiries including reference. name. gender. race. matrimonial position. age. topographic point of birth. and business.

The 1900 nose count merely estimated life anticipations for Whites. The life anticipations for black were non conducted until the 1970 nose count. . The 1900 nose count was a 21 % addition in population from the 1890 nose count. * William McKinley begins 2nd Presidential term ( 1901 ) – Political. William McKinley ran for re-election against one time once more Democrat. William Jennings Bryan. McKinley received bulk popular and electoral ballots. . William McKinley received about the same per centums from the old election. ( 1896: 61 % Pop. /51. 1 % El. ; 1900: 65. 3 % Pop. /51. 7 % El. ) * William McKinley is Assassinated ( 1901 ) – Domestic. While on a trip to Buffalo. New York to see the Pan-American Exposition. President McKinley was in Temple of Music edifice at the Exposition. He was at that place to recognize the populace. One adult male named Leon Czolgosz was following in line to run into the President. He walked up to President McKinley and fired two shootings at the President’s venters. The crowd jumped on top of the bravo. Doctors did what they could. but could non happen the slug. McKinley ab initio started to acquire better but died from sphacelus. . William McKinley was the 3rd president to be assassinated and the 5th president to decease in office.


* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. historycentral. com/Industrialage/DingleyTariff. hypertext markup language * hypertext transfer protocol: //www. phosphate buffer solution. org/opb/historydetectives/feature/klondike-gold-rush/ * hypertext transfer protocol: //www. u-s-history. com/pages/h3617. hypertext markup language

* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. loc. gov/rr/hispanic/1898/intro. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. u-s-history. com/pages/h820. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ushistory. org/us/44b. asp
* hypertext transfer protocol: //history. province. gov/milestones/1866-1898/Hawaii * hypertext transfer protocol: //www. loc. gov/rr/hispanic/1898/treaty. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. blackpast. org/ ? q=aah/grandfather-clause-1898-1915 * hypertext transfer protocol: //www. u-s-history. com/pages/h908. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. history. com/topics/boxer-rebellion
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. u-s-history. com/pages/h813. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. loc. gov/rr/hispanic/1898/foraker. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. u-s-history. com/pages/h944. hypertext markup language
* hypertext transfer protocol: //www. eyewitnesstohistory. com/mckinley. htm
VI. Overall Rating
* On a graduated table of 1 to 10. I would rate President McKinley as a 7 because he was well-liked President who helped Cuba addition independency. gained control over the Philippines and Puerto Rico. and annexed the Hawaiian Islands.


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