1. 1 Communication is a tool with which we exercise our influence on others. convey out alterations in others’ and our attitudes and actuate the people around us and to do and keep relationships with them. Communication makes a major portion of our life and is a societal activity. This societal activity is pursued verbally through address. reading and authorship or nonverbally through organic structure linguistic communication. Communication affects in work puting – we need communicating at work. it is really of import for: * The development of staff and kids
* To discourse and be after ways to run into the Childs/ parents/ carers needs * Build strong relationships with children/ parents and carers 2. 2 Factors to see:
Cardinal characteristic Description
Talking voice normal – pitch/tone of our voicebe careful of who you are speaking to – they might non wish certain things You can speak by whispering. shouting. phoning and by speaking fast and decelerate to clear up what they are stating Listening Eye contact and nodding shows your hearing and if you ask inquiries and remember what they say Eye contact Keep oculus contact but non to gaze as that can be intimidating. the stronger the oculus contacts the closer the people are. people with higher category have longer staring forms. We hold oculus contact longer with the people we like. oculus contact can demo: behaviour. earnestness and empathy to immature kids. people who are more emotional demand more oculus contact Body linguistic communication Body linguistic communication can be positive or negative depending how you initiate things. Body linguistic communication when unfastened s more approaching for kids Facial looks Smiling and looking interested is much more positive for people nearing you and holding a good convocation. Facial looks show people how you react – if you like what they are stating or if your non Describing Describing in more item is better so one worded replies – it keeps the convocation fluxing. Personal infinite Make sure you don’t over measure the boundary – come near to a individual you are speaking to. personal infinite is a must for positive attitude
3. 1 Barriers to:
* Culture and household background – affects the manner people use communicating for illustration oculus contact may non be used as much in some civilizations. in the Inuit civilization. to state no. they wrinkle their olfactory organ. * Family background – The manner kids grow up have a immense impact on their communicating e. g. curse. different linguistic communications. volume and soundlessness. * Personality – personality affects communicating by their ego esteem – the kids being diffident or surpassing. * Assurance and ego esteem – affects communicating when a kid or grownup has emotionally put down by falsely making something as from a kid has been emotionally built up to make more. 3. 2/3. 3 communicating barriers
Difficulty How it can impact communicating How I will get the better of this trouble Different linguistic communication May non understand what could be said and could acquire frustrated by non holding the forbearance to listen. Have a twenty-four hours to observe the linguistic communication. learn them words by cards. speech production in a soft voice while interrupting it down and decelerating down when speaking. Let them speak to friends in their ain linguistic communication Blind Can’t see how you talk and may non understand sometimes as can’t see facial looks Use sounds. usage brail to assist. don’t rearrange the furniture – they get confused and do non like it and inquire if they want aid don’t assume they do desire aid Deaf May acquire disquieted and defeated because the can’t hear you talk may non be able to understand Lip read. keyboard machine. cards. signs/symbols and gestural linguistic communication Sensitive hearing Gets upset if it’s excessively loud and can non understand or concentrate if its to noisy – they can hold painful ears and can do disrupted conversation.
Talk quieter. esteem other peoples quietness and acquire some thicker rug to insulate the noise Speech delay/ stutters Repeats words. finds it difficult to pass on and gets frustrated Make oculus contact before speech production. ask inquiries. don’t interrupt be patient allow them talk and reiterate what they say Emotional – shy/ low ego esteem Play and remain on their ain may non pass on and wont bond or do friends with others Include them in little group activities and 1-1 speak clearly and easy to them and smile Brain damaged Can’t communicate good and can acquire angry and baffled Make sure they are comfy so they can understand through images and makaton while you speak easy and clearly Background Parents may hold sightlessness and hearing loss. address jobs – non pass on really good can be entirely and parents may be to occupy to speak to them Talk to them on 1-1 and make 1-1 activities encourage them by utilizing marionettes cards and function drama 3. 4 clear uping misinterpretations – misinterpretations can go on really easy because there are many factors that may impact communicating. A misinterpretation can be picked up on people’s reactions and are best to be clarified rapidly before it escalates.
* Delivery of communicating – can go misinterpretation by how we say the words or how we write them e. g. giving feedback at the terminal of the twenty-four hours in an upset/disappointed tone of voice the parent/carer may non believe you. * Changing method of communicating – can go a misinterpretation when we write alternatively of speaking face to confront the other individual misinterpret what is implied. * Checking understanding – It’s of import to look into the receiver understands what you are stating e. g. inquiring if they understand. stating back what they said. * Simple linguistic communication – utilizing simple linguistic communication to children/parents or carers who speak English as their 2nd linguistic communication and to explicate what things mean e. g. EYFS * Visual AIDSs – we use ocular AIDSs to assist explicate what we mean for people to understand better e. g. indicating to something or makaton. * Apology – it’s of import for us to apologise for when we have used inappropriate tone of voice or hold undistinguished clip to speak. 3. 5 Accessing excess support
* Translation and construing services – We use this service for communicating to speak with others who have English as their 2nd linguistic communication. who are hearing impaired or people with larning troubles. Where we can happen these services:
1. Quick slang [ electronic mail protected ]+44 ( 0 ) 208 769 1730
2. Eclipse Translations Limited We serve Doncaster Tel: 0800 3765003. Translators & A ; Interpreters 3. Rotherham Interpretation & A ; Translation Services 26. Domine Lane. Rotherham. S60 1QA 11. 4 stat mis SW Tel: 01709 720778. Translators & A ; Interpreters * Speech and linguistic communication services – we use this service for communicating with kids to assist their address. they provide suggestions and information how to utilize resources such as image exchange communicating system ( PECS ) and makaton.
Where we can happen these services:
1. The Sound Learning Centre Limited 12 The Rise. London. N13 5LE. UK Telephone: +44 ( 0 ) 20 8882 1060 ; Fax: +44 ( 0 ) 20 8882 1040 * Advocacy services – we use this service to assist kids who are in local authorization attention or kids with communicating troubles to guarantee they are consulted about their affairs.
Where we can happen these services:
1. MENCAP Caron Lane 38 Lysways Street. Walsall. WS1 3AQ Opening Hours Mon-Fri 9am-5pm tel: 01922 614299 / Helpline 0808 808 1111 electronic mail: [ electronic mail protected ]
web site: World Wide Web. mencap. org. United Kingdom
2. Contact CAS
3. Child Advocacy Services Hammond Regional Office 1504 West Church Street Hammond. LA 70401 Telephone: 985-902-9583 Toll Free: 800-798-1575 Facsimile: 985-345-4689 World Wide Web. childadv. net 4. 1 Confidentiality agencies to maintain any children’s details/names/anything to make with the children/parent or carers privet from any individual outside the scene to maintain non merely the family/child/parent or carer safe but the staff every bit good. If kids say something in assurance but may class concern so we must portion this information to the director nevertheless we tell the kid we have to state person to maintain them safe. 4. 3 Case survey:
Erdems female parent wants to ask for another female parent to a party but can non happen her telephone figure. she asks Janice the baby’s room helper whether she can start into the office to acquire it for her. Janice can see it is a echt petition. What should Janice make?
Janice should state “I’m sorry but that information is confidential I can propose you seek to run into each other outside the scene or if you bring a missive in we can give it to her for you if you would like” If confidentially is non upheld the child/family/parent or carer can be at hazard from danger or injury we besides break the jurisprudence if the policy is non upheld. CYP 3. 5 develop positive relationships with kids. immature people and others involved in their attention 2. 1 Positive relationships with kids are of import to construct a bond and to assist them to develop and to assist the staff work with them. doing them experience comfy to be able to divide from parent/carer. the kids are more likely to fall in in with activities. behavior will be more positive instead than holding unwanted behavior. communicating develops quickly when kids are feel they are confident plenty to speak to you. be aftering for staff becomes more accurate as you know what the kid likes and disfavors. the staff can speak to the kids more efficaciously as they can acknowledge their looks and emotions.
We build and maintain relationships by maintaining confidentially as needed. seeing how we affect others by what we say. maintaining promises and lodging to committednesss. value. regard. consistent and just. identifying and screening struggles and dissensions. demoing communicating rudimentss e. g. listening reacting. recognizing and reacting suitably.
* Communicating efficaciously – we can pass on efficaciously with kids altering the linguistic communication depending on the child’s development. age and apprehension. * Identifying and screening out struggles – it’s of import for us to step in in drama when dissensions and struggles start as this will assist them to understand why we do things and to assist their development for the hereafter. * Being consistent and just – its of import holding consistence in the scene for the kids to construct trust and to keep everyday. it’s besides of import for the staff to be just to listen to all the kids efficaciously.
* Showing regard and courtesy – it’s of import to make this for to the kids for them to develop manners and to handle the friends with manners and regard.
* Valuing and esteeming individualism – it’s of import for staff to regard and value individualism as we are all different. larn different ways. like different things. act in different ways. We are all alone!
2. 1 Why positive relationships are of import with people involved in attention scenes – it’s of import to hold this as in any work you need to work as a squad and communicate otherwise there will be tenseness and the topographic point will non experience nice to work there is besides a opportunity of the kids copying.
Peoples who may be involved in the attention of a kid or immature individual Organisational directors and supervisors
Colleagues from other bureaus and services
When strong relationships are non built there is a hazard that information can be passed falsely or keep back because the parent may experience they are non able to swear us.
Benefits to positive relationships
Skills and thoughts can be shared
Children’s public assistance can be decently monitored
Plans for children’s attention and instruction are more effectual Children’s demands and involvements are identified
Information can be shared rapidly between grownups
Children are given consistent attention
EYMP 5 – support children’s address. linguistic communication and communicating 1. 1
* Speech – Is vocalised linguistic communication we learn from birth. with it vocal there are non written symbols or signed but a herd linguistic communication. * Language – Is really particular it can be signed. written. radius. or symbols between people. This can be really hard for a kid to larn. * Communication – Is about the manner in which people communicate to each other this once more can be written. signed. symbols but largely spoke this can include body linguistic communication and facial look. * Speech. linguistic communication and communicating demands – Is used to mention to troubles in any of these three countries for a kid as some children’s demands are different to others. 1. 2
* Learning – whether we show a kid or demonstrate to a kid this is a signifier of larning to a kid e. g. a kid might see a rock autumn into a puddle and hear a splash and is told it splashed because it sunk to the underside. later that twenty-four hours if the kid see’s another one the kid might indicate and state to an grownup “splash. it has sunk. ” * Emotional – Can be really hard for kids to larn as they find it hard to speak through how they feel so they show it through different ways nevertheless if we name an emotion it helps with communicating. * Behaviour – This can be affected by when a kid does non understand how to command their behaviors nevertheless when linguistic communication can be used and understood the child’s behavior will alter. * Social – This effects about all countries of development as kids use address frequently in drama and socialise this physiques on emotions and behavior to move suitably.
1. 3 Communication troubles can impact overall development by short-run effects: * Finding it difficult to do themselves understood
* Low degrees of assurance
* Troubles in doing friends
* Troubles in larning new information and using them * Find it difficult to do themselves understood
Children’s self esteem and assurance can be damaged or put down by communicating troubles and development will be delayed. 2. 3 Pre-linguistic development
Phase Age Features Remarks
Cooing 6 hebdomads Cooing Babies make cooing sounds to demo pleasance. These early sounds are different from sounds made subsequently on chiefly because the oral cavity is still developing. enlargement ) 6-9 months Babies blend vowels and consonants together to do melodious sounds e. g. Ba. mom. district attorney Babble has been described as larning the melody before the words. The babe seems to be rehearsing its sounds. Babies increase the figure of sounds or phonemes. This sometimes called phonemic enlargement. All babes. even deaf babes produce a broad scope of sounds during this period. Babbling ( phonemic contraction ) 9-10 months11-12 months ( echolalia ) Babies babble but the scope of sounds are limited The scope of sounds or phonemes that babes produce becomes more limited and reflects the phonemes used in the linguistic communication that they are hearing. At this phase. it would in theory be possible to separate between babes who are in different linguistic communication environments. At 10 months babes communication accomplishments have besides developed farther. They now know how to pull adult’s attending by indicating and raising their voices. They can besides understand a batch of what is being said to them through word acknowledgment. but besides by reading faces.
Phase Age Features Remarks
First words Around 12 months Babies repeatedly use one or more sounds which have intending for them The first words are frequently ill-defined and so bit by bit emerge. They are frequently one sound. but are used on a regular basis in similar state of affairss for illustration ‘baga’ to intend drink and nestle. Babbling still continues. Holophrases 12-18 months Toddlers start to utilize one word in a assortment of ways Toddlers use Holophrases to do limited vocabulary more utile for them. One word is used in several state of affairss. but the tone of voice and the context helps the grownup understand what the yearling means. Most yearlings have at least 10 words by 18 months. By this clip yearlings have frequently learnt how to acquire adults attending and do them laugh. Two-word vocalizations – telegraphic speech 18-24 months Two words are put together to do a mini sentence Toddlers begin to unite words to do sentences. They seem to hold grasped which are the cardinal words in a sentence – “dada gone” or “dada come” Language detonation 24-36 months A big addition in children’s vocabulary combined with increasing usage of sentences This is a period in which children’s linguistic communication seems to germinate quickly.
Children learn words so quickly that it becomes difficult for parents to number them! At the same clip the kid uses complicated constructions in their address. Plurals and negatives begin to be used. e. g. ‘no Canis familiariss here! ” 3-4 old ages Sentences become longer and vocabulary continues to increase Children are utilizing linguistic communication in a more complete manner. Mistakes in grammar show that they are still absorbing the regulations and sometimes misusing them! Mistakes such as “ I wanted” show that they have learnt that ‘ed’ makes a past tense. These types of errors are known as ‘virtuous errors’ . By this clip. kids are able to utilize their communicating accomplishments in order to socialize with other in simple ways. They may. for illustration. reiterate a inquiry if they think they have non been understood. Fluency 4-6 old ages Masters the basic accomplishments of the linguistic communication Children have mastered the rudimentss regulations of English grammar and are fluid although. although will still be doing some ‘virtuous errors’ Speech adulthood 6-8 old ages Mastered the reproduction of most sounds During this period. children’s address becomes clearer as their lingua. dentitions and jaw develop. Children Begin to utilize linguistic communication to acquire their point of position across to others. although some do this by merely raising their voice!