References Myers, Julie, Frieden, Thomas R. , Bherwani, Kamal M. Henning, Kelly J. (2008, May), American Journal of Public Health(Vol. 98 Issue 5, p793-80); Ethics in Public Health Research: Privacy and Public Health at Risk: Public Health Confidentiality in the Digital Age RetrievedFrom: http://ehis. ebscohost. com. ezproxy. rasmussen. edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer? sid=49f44b71-cdab-436b-8567-68514587d92f%40sessionmgr104&vid=9&hid=20 Public health agencies increasingly use electronic means to acquire, use, maintain, and store personal health information.
Electronic data formats can improve performance of core public health functions. Although such security breaches do occur, electronic data can be better secured than paper records. Public health professionals should collaborate with law and information technology colleagues to assess possible threats, implement updated policies, train staff, and develop preventive engineering measures to protect information . Tightened physical and electronic controls can prevent misuse of data, minimize the risk of security breaches, and help maintain the reputation and integrity of public health agencies.
Susan Cross, Julius Sim (2000), (Vol. 26:6 447-453) J. Med. Ethics doi:10. 1136/jme. 26. 6. 447 Retrieved From: http://jme. bmj. com/content/26/6/447. full. pdf+html This study examined the issue of confidentiality in relation to undergraduate curriculum content in physiotherapy and medical fields. It also shows the awareness, experiences and attitudes of clinical physiotherapists in the medical fields. Aspects of hospital-based physiotherapy practice were seen to create specific problems in relation to confidentiality. Blunt, D. R. (2006).
Confidentiality, informed consent, and ethical considerations in reviewing the client’s psychotherapy records. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED490794) Ethical dilemmas that break the confidentiality of the client eventually test the psychologist’s boundaries such that not taking action may place the patient in a position where they suffer, hurt themselves, or others. The effectiveness in obtaining a valid informed consent might depend upon the therapists training, experience, and sound judgement in conveying the extent of the therapy and limitations imposed by the information disclosed.
Therefore, maintaining Confidentiality during counseling while working with minors may pose unique scenarios in which the therapists must re-evaluate their approach to therapy. This paper reviews important ethical issues related to confidentiality, informed consent, the right to know, and HIPAA requirements fundamental to the therapeutic success of all parties involved. Fisher, M. A. (2008). Protecting confidentiality rights; The need for an Ethical Practice Model. American Psychologist 63 (1), 1-13 Retrieved From: http://www. centerforethicalpractice. org/articles/articles-mary-alice-fisher/protecting-confidentiality-rights/#high_1
All psychologists must uphold the same ethical standards about confidentiality even though each state imposes different legal limits on their ability to protect clients’ confidences. The resulting ethical–legal confusion is exacerbated by legally based confidentiality training that treats legal exceptions as if they were the rule and fosters the impression that attorneys are now the only real experts about this aspect of practice. This article provides an ethics-based confidentiality practice model that clarifies the ethical rule and puts its legal exceptions into ethical perspective.
Like the Confidentiality section of the American Psychological Association’s (2002) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, this outline would apply to all psychologists regardless of state laws, but the details of its implementation would vary according to role and setting. It can be used as a universal training outline, a consultation and supervision tool, a guide to professional practice, and a basis for clearer ongoing conversation about the ethics of “conditional confidentiality. ” Psychologists can use this practice model to regain their status as experts about the confidentiality ethics of their own profession.