Instead of focusing on how is work can positively affect his life, he focuses on the negative. His focus is on his need to make money from his fellow farmers as possible, believing himself to be the better person. Social Issues Explanation Both men are propelled into acts of vengeance that it ultimately destroyed both of their fortunes. This derived from a primitive need for the characters to compete against each other. The material desires at the end have blinded them, and they may never see the true value of life.

They brought about their own destruction. The core of this story lies a lesson on how materialism can impair our ability to see what Is best for our life. In the period during which India evolved from colonial domination to Independence, Étagère and Preached were pioneers in Modern Indian literature. Their literary works pioneered social issues and the social structure of India that concentrated on the oppressed, human emotions, destruction, oppression of women and life.

These authors proved that they can focus on the psychology of the characters Instead of social realism. We will explore the context of the stories through the characters journeys and struggles and unfortunate consequences in the end. “Punishment” portrayal of the complex relationships among the members of the URI family and how raggedy can delve into real issues that we have hidden. “The day on which our story begins was like this….. That day, Diagram and Chided had been working near the seminar’s office. On a sandbank opposite, payday had ripened.

The payday needed to be cut before the sandbank was washed away, but the village people were busy either in their own fields or in cutting Jute: so a messenger came from the office and forcibly engaged the two brothers. As the office roof was leaking in places, they also had to mend that and make some new wicker wood panels: it had taken them all day,” (p, 93) Two peasant brothers and their wives share a house together. The short- tempered, sloppy wife, Radar, is killed by her husband, Diagram, in a fit of anger for falling to prepare the evening meal.

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The village chief intrudes on the scene immediately following the murder, and the other brother, Chided, unintentionally identifies the beautiful wife, Chandler, as the killer. Chided instructs Chandler to lie to protect her brother-in-law. Now, we start to see the division in the male and female tofu Chided had trouble in the relationship. Chandler suspected her husband of infidelity, and began flirting at the watering hole. Chided then threatened her stating, “I’ll break every bone in your body’ (p. 896) and locked her in the house.

She escaped to a relatives house, but was persuaded to return only after Chided “had to surrender to her. ” (p. 896). When we examine this relationship, it great to point out that Étagère states, “It was as hard to restrain his wife as to hold a handful of mercury. ” (p. 896) Chandler has achieved a sort of power by submission; we tend to question where the balance of power lies in this relationship. The chain of events after the murder further explores the complexity in the relationship of Chided and Chandler. When discussing the murder they agree that Chided will save Chandler from execution, if she agrees to his lie.

Chided expects Chandler to relate that her sister-in-law attacked her and that Radar was killed in self-defense. After being taken into custody by the police, Chandler defies her husband by telling the police that the attack was unprovoked and puts her own life at risk. She was so angry with him that she refuses to see him before her execution stating, “To hell with him. “(p. 899). She accepts the punishment for a crime she did not commit in order to punish Chided. She will not give him the satisfaction of saving re.

Chided gets her to take the blame for the crime but loses in the end by not getting his wife back. The story is unique by telling a story about the complex nature of human behavior and the unjust social set up of how women had no social status and importance in a family. Evidence of how the oppression of women is shown when Chided states, “a wife can be replaced but a brother cannot be replaced,” (p. 894) clearly points out women are not valued. Étagère touches on women being oppressed and how social injustice was a common thing issue for women in rural Bangladesh during that time.


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